Sergiyev Posad

Sergiyev Posad (Russian: Се́ргиев Поса́д, IPA: [ˈsʲɛrgʲɪ(j)ɪf pɐˈsat]) is a city and the administrative center of Sergiyevo-Posadsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia. Population: 111,179(2010 Census);[4] 113,581(2002 Census);[9] 114,696(1989 Census).[10]

Sergiyev Posad

Сергиев Посад
Central part of the city

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Sergiyev Posad
Sergiyev Posad
Location of Sergiyev Posad
Sergiyev Posad
Sergiyev Posad (Moscow Oblast)
Coordinates: 56°18′N 38°08′E
CountryRussia
Federal subjectMoscow Oblast[1]
Administrative districtSergiyevo-Posadsky District[1]
CitySergiyev Posad[1]
Founded1347
City status since1782
Government
  BodyCouncil of Deputies[2]
Area
  Total50.40 km2 (19.46 sq mi)
Elevation
210 m (690 ft)
Population
  Total111,179
  Estimate 
(2018)[5]
103,444 (-7%)
  Rank142nd in 2010
  Density2,200/km2 (5,700/sq mi)
  Capital ofSergiyevo-Posadsky District[1], City of Sergiyev Posad[1]
  Municipal districtSergiyevo-Posadsky Municipal District[6]
  Urban settlementSergiyev Posad Urban Settlement[6]
  Capital ofSergiyevo-Posadsky Municipal District[6], Sergiyev Posad Urban Settlement[6]
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK [7])
Postal code(s)[8]
141300–141315, 141318
Dialing code(s)+7 496
OKTMO ID46615101001
Twin townsSaldus, Fulda, Sremski Karlovci, Vagharshapat, Slonim, Gniezno, New Athos, Terracina, Bari, Sarov, Rueil-Malmaison
Websitewww.sergiev-posad.net

It was previously known as Sergiyev Posad (until 1919), Sergiyev (until 1930), Zagorsk (until 1991).

History

Sergiyev Posad grew in the 15th century around one of the greatest of Russian monasteries, the Trinity Lavra established by St. Sergius of Radonezh, still (as of 2015) one of the largest monasteries in Russia. Town status was granted to Sergiyev Posad in 1742. The town's name, alluding to St. Sergius, has strong religious connotations. Soviet authorities changed it first to just Sergiyev in 1919, and then to Zagorsk in 1930, in memory of the revolutionary Vladimir Mikhailovich Zagorsky .[11]

The original name was restored in 1991.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Sergiyev Posad serves as the administrative center of Sergiyevo-Posadsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with twenty-six rural localities, incorporated within Sergiyevo-Posadsky District as the City of Sergiyev Posad.[1] As a municipal division, the City of Sergiyev Posad is incorporated within Sergiyevo-Posadsky Municipal District as Sergiyev Posad Urban Settlement.[6]

Economy

Tourism associated with the Golden Ring plays a role in the regional economy. There is also an important toy factory.

Transportation

The MoscowYaroslavl railway and highway pass through the town. Sergiyev Posad Bus Terminal is located in the city.

Notable people

Twin towns

Sergiyev Posad is twinned with:

City Region Country
Vagharshapat Armavir Province  Armenia
Beroun  Central Bohemia  Czech Republic
Fulda  Hesse  Germany
Gniezno[13]  Greater Poland Voivodeship  Poland
New Athos  Abkhazia  Georgia/ Abkhazia
Rueil-Malmaison  Île-de-France  France
Saldus Courland  Latvia
Sremski Karlovci  Vojvodina  Serbia
Terracina  Lazio  Italy

References

Notes

  1. Resolution #123-PG
  2. Росстат. Регионы России. Основные социально-экономические показатели городов. 2010 г.
  3. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. Law #60/2005-OZ
  6. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. Compare: Ring, Trudy; Watson, Noelle; Schellinger, Paul, eds. (1996). "Sergiev (Moscow, Russia)". Northern Europe: International Dictionary of Historic Places. Routledge (published 2013). ISBN 9781136639517. Retrieved August 8, 2015. Lenin's successor Stalin intensified religious persecution in the Soviet Union overall, and the situation perhaps became threatening enough to warrant the town to change its name in 1930 to Zagorsk, derived from the name of the Bolshevik revolutionary Vladimir Zagorsky, who was assassinated by rival socialists in 1919.
  11. Great Soviet Encyclopedia (3rd ed., 1977), vol. 27, p. 178
  12. "International collaboration". gmiezno.eu. Gniezno. Retrieved May 3, 2014.

Sources

  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №252-ПГ от 26 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №60/2005-ОЗ от 28 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границах Сергиево-Посадского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №161/2011-ОЗ от 14 октября 2011 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Сергиево-Посадского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №42, 10 марта 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #60/2005-OZ of February 28, 2005 On the Status and the Borders of Sergiyevo-Posadsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #161/2011-OZ of October 14, 2011 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Sergiyevo-Posadsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

Further reading

  • Trudy Ring, ed. (1995). "Sergiev". International Dictionary of Historic Places: Northern Europe. Fitzroy Dearborn. ISBN 978-1-136-63944-9.

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