Sergei Podolinsky

Sergei Andreević Podolinsky (Ukrainian: Сергі́й Подоли́нський, Russian: Сергей Андреевич Подолинский) (19 July 1850 – 1891) was a Ukrainian socialist, physician, and an early pioneer of ecological economics. He set out to reconcile socialist thought with the second law of thermodynamics by synthesising the approaches of Karl Marx, Charles Darwin and Sadi Carnot.[1] In his essay "Socialism and the Unity of Physical Forces", Podolinsky theorized a labor theory of value based on embodied energy.[2]

Sergei Podolinsky
Born(1850-07-19)July 19, 1850
DiedJuly 12, 1891(1891-07-12) (aged 40)
Resting placeZvirynets Cemetery


  • "Le Socialisme et la Théorie de Darwin (Socialism and the Theory of Darwin)," La Revue Socialiste, issue 3, 1880. pp. 129-148.
  • "Le Socialisme et l'unité des forces physiques (Socialism and the Unity of Physical Forces)," La Revue Socialiste, issue 8, June 1880. pp. 353-365.
  • "Menschliche arbeit und einheit der kraft (Human Labor and the Unity of Physical Forces)," Die Neue Zeit, September-October 1883. pp. 413-424, 449-457.


  1. Serge, Podolinsky (1880). "Le Socialisme et la Théorie de Darwin". La Revue Socialiste (3): 129–148. Retrieved 26 August 2017.
  2. Bellamy Foster, John; Burkett, Paul (March 2004). "Ecological Economics and Classical Marxism: The "Podolinsky Business" Reconsidered" (PDF). Organization & Environment (Vol. 17, No. 1): 32–60. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
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