The Serbian Army (Serbian: Копнена војска Србије, romanized: Kopnena vojska Srbije, lit. Serbian Land Army) is the land-based component of the Serbian Armed Forces, responsible for defending the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Serbia from foreign hostiles; participating in peacekeeping operations; and providing humanitarian aid and disaster relief. Originally established in 1830, the Serbian army was incorporated into the newly established state of Yugoslavia in 1918. The current Serbian army has been active since 2006 when Serbia restored its independence.
|Копнена војска Србије|
Kopnena vojska Srbije
The Serbian Army's coat of arms
(current form since 2006)
|Command HQ||King Alexander I Square, Niš|
|Engagements||Serbian Revolution |
Serbian-Turkish Wars (1876-1878)
World War I
Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War
|Chief of the Staff||Lt. General |
|Army Sergeant Major||Warrant officer 1st class |
|Fld. Marshal Radomir Putnik|
Fld. Marshal Stepa Stepanović
Fld. Marshal Živojin Mišić
Fld. Marshal Petar Bojović
The Serbian Army is the largest component of the Serbian Armed Forces. There are approximately 17,850 active members and additional 50,000 in reserves. The army is composed entirely of professionals and volunteers following the suspension of mandatory military service on January 1, 2011.
The 2nd, 3rd and 4th army brigades are tasked with securing the 5 km (2.5 mi) wide Ground Safety Zone (GSZ) along the administrative line between Central Serbia and the disputed territory of Kosovo[a]. The Ground Safety Zone extends 384 kilometres long and covers a total area of about 1,920 square kilometres. There are over 20 camps and security checkpoints in the zone.
Formations and structure
Following the 2006 reorganization, the Serbian Army consists of six primary brigades. The four army brigades are larger than a conventional modern brigade, their size is more akin to a division. Each army brigade consists of ten battalions: one command battalion, one armored battalion, two mechanized battalions, two infantry battalions, one self-propelled artillery battalion, one self-propelled multiple rocket launcher artillery Battalion, one air defense battalion, one engineering battalion and one logistic battalion. The only exception is the 1st army brigade, being one infantry battalion short.
- Army Command (Niš)
1st Brigade (Novi Sad)
- 10th Command Battalion
- 11th Infantry Battalion
- 12th Self-Propelled Artillery Battalion
- 13th Self-Propelled Multiple Rocket Launcher Artillery Battalion
- 14th Air-defense Artillery Battalion
- 15th Tank battalion
- 16th Mechanized Battalion
- 17th Mechanized Battalion
- 18th Engineer Battalion
- 19th Logistic Battalion
2nd Brigade (Kraljevo)
- 20th Command Battalion
- 21st Infantry Battalion
- 22nd Infantry Battalion
- 23rd Self-Propelled Artillery Battalion
- 24th Self-Propelled Multiple Rocket Launcher Artillery Battalion
- 25th Air-defense Artillery Battalion
- 26th Tank Battalion
- 27th Mechanized Battalion
- 28th Mechanized Battalion
- 29th Logistic Battalion
- 210th Engineer Battalion
3rd Brigade (Niš)
- 30th Command Battalion
- 31st Infantry Battalion
- 32nd Infantry Battalion
- 33rd Self-Propelled Howitzer Artillery Battalion
- 34th Multiple Multiple Rocket Launcher Artillery Battalion
- 35th Air-defense Artillery Battalion
- 36th Tank Battalion
- 37th Mechanized Battalion
- 38th Mechanized Battalion
- 39th Logistic Battalion
- 310th Engineer Battalion
4th Brigade (Vranje)
- 40th Command Battalion
- 41st Infantry Battalion
- 42nd Infantry Battalion
- 43rd Self-Propelled Howitzer Artillery Battalion
- 44th Self-Propelled Multiple Rocket Launcher Artillery Battalion
- 45th Air-defense Artillery Battalion
- 46th Tank Battalion
- 47th Mechanized Battalion
- 48th Mechanized Battalion
- 49th Logistic Battalion
- 410th Engineer Battalion
Mixed Artillery Brigade (Niš)
- Command Battalion
- Mixed Multiple Rocket Launcher Artillery Battalion
- 1st Howitzer-Cannon Artillery Battalion
- 2nd Howitzer-Cannon Artillery Battalion
- 3rd Howitzer-Cannon Artillery Battalion
- 69th Logistics Battalion
River Flotilla (Novi Sad)
- Command Company
- 1st River Detachment
- 2nd River Detachment
- 1st Pontoon Battalion
- 2nd Pontoon Battalion
- Logistic Company
Armoured fighting vehicles
- M-84 (212) main battle tank
- T-72 (13+48) main battle tank
- T-54/T-55 (141) main battle tank (in storage), 60 were sold in 2010 to Cambodia, 282 in 2015 (probably to Pakistan) and 30 donated to Iraq in 2017. In 2018 Serbia sold 29 tanks to one arms exporter.
- BVP M-80 (542) infantry fighting vehicle
- BOV M-86 (52+) armoured personnel carrier (Used by military police.)
- BTR-50 (30) armoured personnel carrier
- BRDM-2 (36) light-armoured vehicle
- Humvee (40) light-armoured vehicle
- BOV M11 (12+) light-armoured vehicle
- Lazar armored vehicle (8+) multi-role military vehicle
- MT-LBu (32)
- M79 Osa anti-tank missile launcher
- M80 Zolja anti-tank missile launcher
- Malyutka-2T with portable suitcase launcher (9P111) and 9M14-2T missile anti-tank missile system
- Polo M-83 with 9M14-2T missile anti-tank missile system
- 9K111 Fagot anti-tank missile system
|a.||^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 112 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 14 later withdrew their recognition.|
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