Septimal kleisma

In music, the ratio 225/224 is called the septimal kleisma ().[1] It is a minute comma type interval of approximately 7.7 cents. Factoring it into primes gives 25 32 52 71, which can be rewritten 21 (5/4)2 (9/7). That says that it is the amount that two major thirds of 5/4 and a septimal major third, or supermajor third, of 9/7 exceeds the octave. If the septimal kleisma is tempered out, as it is for instance in miracle temperament, septimal meantone temperament, septimal magic temperament and in many equal temperaments, for example 12, 19, 22, 31, 41, 53, 72 or 84 equal, then an augmented triad consisting of two major thirds and a supermajor third making up an octave becomes possible. The existence of such a chord, which might be termed the septimal kleisma augmented triad, is a significant feature of a tuning system.

The septimal kleisma can also be viewed as the difference between the diatonic semitone (16:15) and the septimal diatonic semitone (15:14).

References

1. Haluska, Jan (2003). The Mathematical Theory of Tone Systems. CRC Press. p. xxvii. ISBN 0-8247-4714-3.