Sekolah Berasrama Penuh

Sekolah Berasrama Penuh (SBP) or Fully Residential School is a school system established in Malaysia to nurture outstanding students to excel in academics and extracurricular activities. Since 2008, SBPs are directly administered by Fully Residential and Excellent Schools Management Division, Ministry of Education.[1]


SBP began in 1890, with Richard Olaf Winstedt as deputy (he later became Director of Education in Malaya). "The Selangor Raja School" was established as a starting step to produce the Malay elite from among the palaces and princes, states, through the English medium education. In 1894, the school was closed for renovation and was reborn in a new form in 1905 at Kuala Kangsar, which to this day known as the Malay College Kuala Kangsar (MCKK).[2]

Sultan Idris Shah I of Perak, in the Conference of Rulers (Durbar) in 1903 which criticised the policy of British administration, especially in the education of the Malays, saying it was merely "to produce better Malay farmers or fishermen only".[3] Sultan of Perak himself has offered on-site locations for MCKK,[2] with the purpose "for the education of the Malays of good family and for the training of Malay boys for admission to certain branches of the government service". In 1947, "Malay Girl College" was established in Kuala Lumpur, later moved to Seremban, Negeri Sembilan, known as Tunku Kurshiah College until now, named after the first Raja Permaisuri Agong.[4]

In September 1955, an Education Committee was established which led to the conception of the Razak Report in 1956. Razak Report approved and produced the Education Ordinance 1957. The Razak Report recommended the formation of six units of Sekolah Berasrama Penuh (SBP), namely Sekolah Dato 'Abdul Razak (1956), Sekolah Tun Fatimah (1956), Sekolah Tuanku Abdul Rahman (1957), Sekolah Menengah Sultan Abdul Halim (1963), Sekolah Sultan Alam Shah (1963) and Sekolah Seri Puteri (1968).

In 1955, Kolej Islam Malaya was embodied in the former palace on the site, which was donated by Sultan Hisamuddin in Klang, Selangor. In 1966, the college was moved to Jalan Universiti in Petaling Jaya, Selangor. In 1967, after the customisation work was completed, the college relocated to Klang and was named Kolej Islam Klang. In 1972, the college administration was taken over entirely by the Ministry of Education and the name was changed to Kolej Islam Sultan Alam Shah.

Between 1973 and 1975, 10 SBPs were built. The projects that needed to be implemented in the Second Malaysia Plan were stated as "important projects in the plan is the establishment of ten pilot residential science secondary schools added to provide educational opportunities for pupils from rural areas to pursue their education in science subjects."

To date, Malaysia has 69 SBPs: 11 premier schools, 43 science secondary schools, 12 integrated SBPs and 3 federal Islamic secondary school. 6 of SBPs are all-boys and another 6 are all-girls. The latest SBP opened in Malaysia was Gua Musang Science Secondary School. The 69th SBP in Malaysia was opened in 2014. A number of SBPs are currently either under planning or ongoing construction under Eleventh Malaysia Plan.


The history of SBP is a rich one, and certain fields are considered the hallmark of SBP schools. These include:

  • Fully Residential School Excellence Day (Hari Kecemerlangan SBP, HKSBP)
  • Prime Minister's Trophy Debate Championship (Pertandingan Bahas ala Parlimen Piala Perdana Menteri, PPM)
  • SBP Wind Orchestra Competition
  • SBP 7's Rugby Annual Championship
  • Islamic Leadership Conference (Nadwah Kepimpinan Islam, NKI)
  • Malaysia International Young Inventors Olympiad (MIYIO)
  • Fully Residential Schools' International Symposium (FRSIS)
  • Malay Gamelan and Caklempong Competition

List of fully residential schools in Malaysia

As in 2018, Malaysia has 69 fully residential schools[5] which are later divided into five zones, namely Northern Zone, Central Zone, Southern Zone, Eastern Zone and SQL Zone.

No. Name of School Shortform(s) Zone Location Est. Motto Official Website
1 Kolej Islam Sultan Alam Shah
Sultan Alam Shah Islamic College
KISASCentral Klang, Selangor1955Fastaqim Kama Umirta
(So remain on a right course as you have been commanded)
2 Kolej Melayu Kuala Kangsar
The Malay College Kuala Kangsar
MCKKNorth Kuala Kangsar, Perak1905Fiat Sapientia Virtus
(Manliness through Wisdom)
3 Kolej Tunku Kurshiah
Tunku Kurshiah College
TKCSouth Nilai, Negeri Sembilan1947Rajin dan Usaha Tangga Kemajuan
(Practice and Hard Work Make Perfect)
4 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Batu Rakit
Batu Rakit Integrated Fully Residential School
BRaInSEast Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu2003Berilmu, Berakhlak, Berkualiti
(Knowledgeable, Virtuous, Quality)
5 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Gombak
Gombak Integrated Fully Residential School
INTEGOMBCentral Gombak, Selangor2003Benar, Tepat, Efektif
(True, Correct, Effective)
6 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Gopeng
Gopeng Integrated Fully Residential School
I-GOPNorth Gopeng, Perak2003Ilmu, Amal, Iman
(Knowledge, Practice, Belief)
7 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Jempol
Jempol Integrated Fully Residential School
INTEJSouth Batu Kikir, Negeri Sembilan2002Ilmu Memantapkan Iman
(Knowledge Strengthen Faith)
8 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Kuantan
Kuantan Integrated Fully Residential School
INTEKEast Kuantan, Pahang2003Membentuk Generasi Pemimpin
(Shaping Leader's Generation)
9 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Kubang Pasu
Kubang Pasu Integrated Fully Residential School
I-KUPSNorth Bukit Kayu Hitam, Kedah2004Cemerlang, Gemilang, Terbilang
(Excellent, Glorious and Renowned)
10 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Rawang
Rawang Integrated Fully Residential School
SEPINTARCentral Rawang, Selangor2002Sumber Penjana Muslim Bestari
(Resources Generating Smart Muslims)
11 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Sabak Bernam
Sabak Bernam Integrated Fully Residential School
INTESABERCentral Sabak Bernam, Selangor2002Ilmu, Iman, Istiqamah
(Knowledgeable, Faithful, Consistent)
12 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Selandar
Selandar Integrated Fully Residential School
SISMeSouth Selandar, Melaka2003Cemerlang, Berwawasan
(Excellent with Aspiration)
13 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Temerloh
Temerloh Integrated Fully Residential School
InSofTEast Temerloh, Pahang2002Ilmu, Iman, Amal
(Knowledge, Faith, Practice)
14 Sekolah Berasrama Penuh Integrasi Tun Abdul Razak
Tun Abdul Razak Integrated Fully Residential School
InSTAREast Pekan, Pahang2003Beyond Success
15 Sekolah Dato' Abdul Razak
Tun Abdul Razak School
SDARSouth Seremban, Negeri Sembilan1956Berilmu untuk Berjasa
(To Learn and To Serve)
16 Sekolah Menengah Agama Persekutuan Bentong
Bentong Federal Islamic Secondary School
SUPERBEast Karak, Pahang2013Melangkaui Kecemerlangan
(Above the Excellence)
17 Sekolah Menengah Agama Persekutuan Kajang
Kajang Federal Islamic Secondary School
SMAPKCentral Kajang, Selangor1989Ilmu, Iman, Amal
18 Sekolah Menengah Agama Persekutuan Labu
Labu Federal Islamic Secondary School
SMAPLSouth Labu, Negeri Sembilan1982Ilmu, Iman, Amal
19 Sekolah Menengah Sains Alam Shah
Alam Shah Science Secondary School
ASiSCentral Bandar Tun Razak, Kuala Lumpur2003Kreatif, Inovatif, Produktif
(Creative, Innovative, Productive)
20 Sekolah Menengah Sains Bagan Datoh
Bagan Datoh Science Secondary School
SABDANorth Bagan Datoh, Perak2009Unggul Terbilang
(Renowned and Excellent)
21 Sekolah Menengah Sains Banting
Banting Science Secondary School
BASiSCentral Banting, Selangor2012Berilmu, Beramal, Berbakti
(Knowledge, Practice, Service)
22 Sekolah Menengah Sains Batu Pahat
Batu Pahat Science Secondary School
SEHEBATSouth Batu Pahat, Johor2012Integriti, Kredibiliti, Inovatif
(Integrity, Credibility, Innovation)
23 Sekolah Menengah Sains Dungun
Dungun Science Secondary School
SMSDEast Dungun, Terengganu1982Berilmu, Berdisiplin, Berbakti
(Knowledge, Discipline, Service)
24 Sekolah Menengah Sains Gua Musang
Gua Musang Science Secondary School
GUAMSS East Gua Musang, Kelantan 2015
25 Sekolah Menengah Sains Hulu Selangor
Upper Selangor Science Secondary School
SEMASHURCentral Batang Kali, Selangor2000Usaha, Amal, Bakti
(Effort, Practice, Service)
26 Sekolah Menengah Sains Hulu Terengganu
Upper Terengganu Science Secondary School
SAHUTEast Kuala Berang, Terengganu2011Menjana Kecemerlangan Jati Diri
(Generating Self-Excellence)
27 Sekolah Menengah Sains Jeli
Jeli Science Secondary School
JeSSEast Jeli, Kelantan2013Ilmu, Amal, Taqwa
(Knowledge, Practice, Piety)
28 Sekolah Menengah Sains Johor
Johor Science Secondary School
SCORESouth Kluang, Johor1973Budi, Karya, Bakti
(Virtue, Effort, Service)
29 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kepala Batas
Kepala Batas Science Secondary School
SAKBANorth Kepala Batas, Penang2009Kualiti Pemangkin Kecemerlangan
(Quality Generates Excellence)
30 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kota Tinggi
Kota Tinggi Science Secondary School
SAKTISouth Kota Tinggi, Johor1996Ilmu, Bakti, Kualiti
(Knowledge, Service, Quality)
31 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kuala Selangor
Kuala Selangor Science Secondary School
KUSESSCentral Kuala Selangor, Selangor1996Berilmu, Beramal, Berbakti
32 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kuala Terengganu
Kuala Terengganu Science Secondary School
SESTEREast Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu2000Menjana Kecemerlangan Jati Diri
33 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kubang Pasu
Kubang Pasu Science Secondary School
KUPSISNorth Jitra, Kedah2009Sukses, Kreatif, Produktif
(Success, Creativity, Innovation)
34 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kuching
Kuching Science Secondary School
SAINSKUSQL Kuching, Sarawak1994Berilmu, Berwawasan
(Knowledgeable and Visionary)
35 Sekolah Menengah Sains Kuching Utara
North Kuching Science Secondary School
SAKURASQL Kuching, Sarawak2013Ilmu, Integriti, Iltizam
(Knowledge, Integrity, Commitment)
36 Sekolah Menengah Sains Labuan
Labuan Science Secondary School
SMEXCELSQL Sungai Pagar, Labuan1985Usaha, Jaya, Bakti
(Effort, Success and Service)
37 Sekolah Menengah Sains Lahad Datu
Lahad Datu Science Secondary School
SEMSALDSQL Lahad Datu, Sabah1988Berilmu, Bersatu, Terus Maju
(Knowledge and Unity: Strive Ahead)
38 Sekolah Menengah Sains Machang
Machang Science Secondary School
SMACHEast Machang, Kelantan1983Berilmu, Berusaha, Berbakti
(Knowledge, Effort, Practice)
39 Sekolah Menengah Sains Miri
Miri Science Secondary School
SAINSRISQL Miri, Sarawak1990Berusaha, Berilmu, Beramal
(Work Hard, Be Knowledgeable and Practice)
40 Sekolah Menengah Sains Muar
Science Muar Science Secondary School
SAMURASouth Muar, Johor1983Berilmu, Berbakti
(Knowledge and Service)
41 Sekolah Menengah Sains Muzaffar Syah
Muzaffar Syah Science Secondary School
MOZACSouth Ayer Keroh, Melaka1973Bersikap Membina
(Be Constructive)
42 Sekolah Menengah Sains Pasir Puteh
Pasir Puteh Science Secondary School
SCIPPEast Pasir Puteh, Kelantan1998Ilmu, Amal, Gemilang
(Knowledge, Practice, Excellence)
43 Sekolah Menengah Sains Perempuan Seremban
Seremban Girls' School
SGSSouth Seremban, Negeri Sembilan2014Modal Insan Aspirasi Negara
(Human Capital Aspired by the Nation)
44 Sekolah Menengah Sains Pokok Sena
Pokok Sena Science Secondary School
SAINANorth Pokok Sena, Kedah1995Berilmu, Beramal, Bertaqwa
(Knowledge, Practice, Piety)
45 Sekolah Menengah Sains Raja Tun Azlan Shah
Raja Tun Azlan Shah Science Secondary School
SERATASNorth Taiping, Perak1982Berdisiplin, Berilmu, Berbakti
(Discipline, Knowledge, Service)
46 Sekolah Menengah Sains Rembau
Rembau Science Secondary School
SEMESRASouth Rembau, Negeri Sembilan2009Tekun, Bersatu, Berjaya, Terbilang
(Work Hard, Unite, Be Renowned and Successful)
47 Sekolah Menengah Sains Sabah
Sabah Science Secondary School
SMESHSQL Tuaran, Sabah1984Teguh, Setia, Budi
(Strength, Loyalty, Virtue)
48 Sekolah Menengah Sains Selangor
Selangor Science Secondary School
SMSSCentral Bandar Tun Razak, Kuala Lumpur1973Budi, Usaha, Bakti
(Virtue, Diligence, Service)
49 Sekolah Menengah Sains Sembrong
Sembrong Science Secondary School
SASEMSouth Kluang, Johor2011Ihsan, Ilmu, Khalifah
(Kindness, Knowledge, Vicegerency)
50 Sekolah Menengah Sains Seri Puteri
Seri Puteri Science Secondary School
SESERICentral Sentul, Kuala Lumpur2003Proaktif, Inovatif, Efektif
(Proactive, Innovatione and Effective)
51 Sekolah Menengah Sains Setiu
Setiu Science Secondary School
SAISEast Setiu, Terengganu2011Ilmu, Sahsiah, Gemilang
(Knowledge, Personality, Excellence)
52 Sekolah Menengah Sains Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah
Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Science Secondary School
SEMSASEast Kuantan, Pahang1973Hidup Berjasa
(Live to Serve)
53 Sekolah Menengah Sains Sultan Iskandar
Sultan Iskandar Science Secondary School
ISKANDARSouth Mersing, Johor2003Sepakat, Bestari, Progresif, Inovatif
(Unite, Be Smart, Progressive and Innovative)
54 Sekolah Menengah Sains Sultan Mahmud
Sultan Mahmud Science Secondary School
SESMAEast Kuala Nerus, Terengganu1973Disiplin, Kualiti, Dedikasi
(Discipline, Quality, Dedication)
55 Sekolah Menengah Sains Sultan Mohamad Jiwa
Sultan Mohamad Jiwa Science Secondary School
Science KedahNorth Sungai Petani, Kedah1973Berilmu dan Berbudi
(Be Knowledgeable and Virtuous)
56 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tapah
Tapah Science Secondary School
SESTANorth Tapah, Perak2010Berilmu, Bertakwa
(Be Knowledgeable and Faithful)
57 Sekolah Menengah Sains Teluk Intan
Teluk Intan Science Secondary School
SEMESTINorth Teluk Intan, Perak1984Ilmu Teras Hidup
(Knowledge Source of Life)
58 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tengku Abdullah
Tengku Abdullah Science Secondary School
SEMESTAEast Raub, Pahang1983Ilmu, Amal, Budi
(Knowledge, Practice, Virtue)
59 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra
Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra Science Secondary School
FarisEast Kota Bharu, Kelantan1973Sains Asas Kemajuan
(Science Source of Development)
60 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tuanku Jaafar
Tuanku Jaafar Science Secondary School
STJSouth Kuala Pilah, Negeri Sembilan1973Maju Sempurna
(Developed and Perfect)
61 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tuanku Munawir
Tuanku Munawir Science Secondary School
SASERSouth Seremban, Negeri Sembilan2002Berilmu, Beriman, Berbakti
(Knowledge, Faith, Service)
62 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tuanku Syed Putra
Syed Putra Science Secondary School
Syed PutraNorth Kangar, Perlis1973Tekun, Usaha, Jaya
(Diligence, Effort, Success)
63 Sekolah Menengah Sains Tun Syed Sheh Shahabudin
Tun Syed Sheh Shahabudin Science Secondary School
SOKSEKNorth Bukit Mertajam, Penang1973Ilmu Asas Kemajuan
(Knowledge is the Foundation of Development)
64 Sekolah Menengah Sultan Abdul Halim
Sultan Abdul Halim Secondary School
JenanNorth Jitra, Kedah1963Belajar dan Berbakti
(Learn and Serve)
65 Sekolah Sains Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Pekan
Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Science School, Pekan
SHAH PekanEast Pekan, Pahang1989Ilmu, Amal, Budi
66 Sekolah Seri Puteri
Seri Puteri School
SSPCentral Cyberjaya, Selangor1968Ilmu, Usaha, Jaya
(Knowledge, Hard Work, Excellence)
67 Sekolah Sultan Alam Shah
Sultan Alam Shah School
SASCentral Precinct 1, Putrajaya1963Chita, Usaha, Jaya
(Vision, Hard Work and Excellence)
68 Sekolah Tuanku Abdul Rahman
Tuanku Abdul Rahman School
STARNorth Ipoh, Perak1957Ilmu Panduan Hidup
(Knowledge is Guide of Life)
69 Sekolah Tun Fatimah
Tun Fatimah School
STFSouth Johor Bahru, Johor1956Berusaha Tangga Kejaya
(Strive to Excel)

See also


  1. "Bahagian Pengurusan Sekolah Berasrama Penuh dan Sekolah Kecemerlangan". Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (in Malay). Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  2. Rifke, Mohd. Aried (15 January 2018). "Sekolah Berasrama Penuh". Sistem Guru Online (in Malay). Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  3. "Seabad merakam sejarah". Utusan Malaysia (in Malay). 16 February 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  4. "History". Tunku Kurshiah College. Retrieved 3 September 2018.
  5. "Bilangan Sekolah Berasrama Penuh". Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (in Malay). Retrieved 3 September 2018.
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