Seiji Ozawa (小澤 征爾 Ozawa Seiji, born September 1, 1935) is a Japanese conductor known for his advocacy of modern composers and for his work with the San Francisco Symphony, the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, and the Boston Symphony Orchestra. He is the recipient of numerous international awards.
Ozawa in 1963
|Other names||小澤 征爾|
|Relatives||Kenji Ozawa (nephew)|
Ozawa was born on September 1, 1935, to Japanese parents in the Japanese-occupied city of Mukden. When his family returned to Japan in 1944, he began studying piano with Noboru Toyomasu, heavily studying the works of Johann Sebastian Bach. After graduating from the Seijo Junior High School in 1950, Ozawa sprained his finger in a rugby game. As he was unable to continue studying the piano, his teacher at the Toho Gakuen School of Music, Hideo Saito, brought Ozawa to a life-changing performance of Beethoven's Symphony No. 5, which ultimately shifted his musical focus from piano performance to conducting.
Almost a decade after the sports injury, Ozawa won the first prize at the International Competition of Orchestra Conductors in Besançon, France. His success there led to an invitation by Charles Münch, then the music director of the Boston Symphony Orchestra, to attend the Berkshire Music Center (now the Tanglewood Music Center), where he studied with Munch and Pierre Monteux. In 1960, shortly after his arrival, Ozawa won the Koussevitzky Prize for outstanding student conductor, Tanglewood's highest honor. Receiving a scholarship to study conducting with famous Austrian conductor Herbert von Karajan, Ozawa moved to West Berlin. Under the tutelage of von Karajan, Ozawa caught the attention of prominent conductor Leonard Bernstein. Bernstein then appointed him as assistant conductor of the New York Philharmonic where he served during the 1961–1962 and 1964–1965 seasons. While with the New York Philharmonic, he made his first professional concert appearance with the San Francisco Symphony in 1962.
In December 1962 Ozawa was involved in a controversy with the prestigious Japanese NHK Symphony Orchestra when certain players, unhappy with his style and personality, refused to play under him. Ozawa went on to conduct the rival Japan Philharmonic Orchestra instead. From 1964 until 1968, Ozawa served as the first music director of the Ravinia Festival, the summer home of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra. In 1969 he served as the festival's principal conductor.
He was music director of the Toronto Symphony Orchestra from 1965 to 1969 and of the San Francisco Symphony from 1970 to 1977. In 1972, he led the San Francisco Symphony in its first commercial recordings in a decade, recording music inspired by William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet. In 1973, he took the San Francisco orchestra on a European tour, which included a Paris concert that was broadcast via satellite in stereo to San Francisco station KKHI. He was involved in a 1974 dispute with the San Francisco Symphony's players' committee that denied tenure to the timpanist Elayne Jones and the bassoonist Ryohei Nakagawa, two young musicians Ozawa had selected. He returned to San Francisco as a guest conductor, including a 1978 concert featuring music from Tchaikovsky's ballet Swan Lake.
Boston Symphony Orchestra
Between 1964 and 1973, Ozawa directed various orchestras; he became music director of the Boston Symphony Orchestra in 1973. His tenure at the BSO was maintained for 29 years, the longest tenure of any music director, surpassing the 25 years held by Serge Koussevitzky.
Ozawa won his first Emmy Award in 1976, for the Boston Symphony Orchestra's PBS television series, Evening at Symphony. In 1994, the BSO dedicated its new Tanglewood concert hall "Seiji Ozawa Hall" in honor of his 20th season with the orchestra. In 1994, he was awarded his second Emmy for Individual Achievement in Cultural Programming for Dvořák in Prague: A Celebration.
In an effort to merge all-Japanese orchestras and performers with international artists, Ozawa, along with Kazuyoshi Akiyama, founded the Saito Kinen Orchestra in 1992. Since its creation, the orchestra has gained a prominent position in the international music community.
In the same year, he made his debut with the Metropolitan Opera in New York. He created a controversy in 1996–1997 with sudden demands for change at the Tanglewood Music Center, which made Gilbert Kalish and Leon Fleisher resign in protest.
Ozawa has been an advocate of 20th-century classical music, giving the premieres of a number of works including György Ligeti's San Francisco Polyphony in 1975 and Olivier Messiaen's opera Saint François d'Assise in 1983. He also became known for his unorthodox conducting wardrobe, where he wore the traditional formal dress with a white turtleneck, not the usual starched shirt, waistcoat, and a white tie.
In 2001, Ozawa was recognized by the Japanese government as a Person of Cultural Merit. In 2002, he became principal conductor of the Vienna State Opera. He continues to play a key role as a teacher and administrator at the Tanglewood Music Center, the Boston Symphony Orchestra's summer music home that has programs for young professionals and high school students. On New Year's Day 2002, Ozawa conducted the Vienna New Year's Concert. In 2005, he founded Tokyo Opera Nomori and conducted its production of Richard Strauss's Elektra. On February 1, 2006, the Vienna State Opera announced that he had to cancel all his 2006 conducting engagements because of illness, including pneumonia and shingles. He returned to conducting in March 2007 at the Tokyo Opera Nomori. Ozawa stepped down from his post at the Vienna State Opera in 2010, to be succeeded by Franz Welser-Möst.
In October 2008, Ozawa was honored with Japan's Order of Culture, for which an awards ceremony was held at the Imperial Palace. He is a recipient of the 34th Suntory Music Award (2002) and the International Center in New York's Award of Excellence.
On January 7, 2010, Ozawa announced that he was canceling all engagements for six months in order to undergo treatments for esophageal cancer. The doctor with Ozawa at the time of the announcement said it was detected at an early stage. Other health problems with Ozawa have included pneumonia and lower back surgery. Following his cancer diagnosis, Ozawa and the novelist Haruki Murakami embarked on a series of six conversations about classical music that form the basis for the book Absolutely on Music.
On 6 December 2015, Ozawa was honored at the Kennedy Center Honors.
Ozawa holds honorary doctorate degrees from Harvard University, the New England Conservatory of Music, the University of Massachusetts Amherst, National University of Music Bucharest, and Wheaton College. He is a Member of Honour of the International Music Council.
Awards and honors
- 1958: Toho Gakuen School of Music: 1st Prize in conducting and composition
- 1959: International Competition of Orchestra Conductors, Besançon, France
- 1960: Koussevitzky Prize for Outstanding Student Conductor, Tanglewood
- 1976: Emmy Award for Evening at Symphony
- 1981: Grammy Award for "Best solo instrument performance with orchestra"
- 1992: Hans von Bülow Medal (given by the Berlin Philharmonic)
- 1994: Emmy for Dvořák in Prague
- 1994: Inouye Award, Japan
- 1994: Inauguration of Seiji Ozawa Hall at Tanglewood, the BSO's summer home in Massachusetts, where he also taught for the International Academy of Young Musicians
- 1997: Musician of the Year (Musical America)
- 1998: Conducted Beethoven's Ode to Joy at Nagano Winter Olympics opening ceremony
- 1998: Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur (France), for the promotion of French composers
- 2001: Member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts of the Institut de France (Given by French President Jacques Chirac)
- 2001: Person of Cultural Merit, Japan
- 2002: Doctor honoris causa, National University of Music Bucharest, Romania
- 2002: Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and Art, 1st class (Given by Austrian President Thomas Klestil)
- 2002: Les Victoires de la Musique Classique (French CD prize)
- 2003: Mainichi Art Award and Suntory Music Prize
- 2004: Honorary Doctorate from the Sorbonne University of France
- 2008: Order of Culture, Japan
- 2009: Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver for Services to the Republic of Austria
- 2011: Praemium Imperiale, Japan
- 2011: Order of Friendship (Russia)
- 2012: Tanglewood Medal awarded, In Honor Of Tanglewood 75th Season, BSO begins new tradition with first-ever medal awarded to Seiji Ozawa, BSO Music Director Laureate, Tanglewood
- 2015: Kennedy Center Honoree
- 2016: Grammy Award for Best Opera Recording
- 2016: Honorary Member of the Berlin Philharmonic
Ozawa has three brothers, Katsumi, Toshio, and Mikio, the latter becoming a music writer and radio host in Tokyo. Ozawa is married to Miki Irie ("Vera"), a former model and actress; he was previously married to the pianist Kyoko Edo. Ozawa has two children with Irie, a daughter named Seira and a son named Yukiyoshi. In order to raise his children in Japan so they would grow up aware of their cultural roots, Ozawa spent long periods of time away from them during his tenure with the Boston Symphony Orchestra. During this time, Ozawa became a fan of the Boston Red Sox and New England Patriots.
Ozawa and the cellist and conductor Mstislav Rostropovich formed a travelling musical group during the later stages of Rostropovich's life, with the goal of giving free concerts and mentoring students across Japan.
- Maurice Ravel: Shéhérazade, Deux mélodies hébraïques and Cinq mélodies populaires grecques (excerpts), with Frederica von Stade and the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Columbia, 1981
- Hector Berlioz and Claude Debussy: Les nuits d'été and La damoiselle élue, with Frederica von Stade, Susanne Mentzer, the Tanglewood Festival Chorus and the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Columbia, 1984
- Felix Mendelssohn: A Midsummer Night's Dream, with Kathleen Battle, Frederica von Stade, Judi Dench, the Tanglewood Festival Chorus and the Boston Symphony Orchestra, Deutsche Grammophon, 1994
- Seiji: An Intimate Portrait of Seiji Ozawa (Hardcover) by Lincoln Russell (Illustrator), Caroline Smedvig (Editor) ISBN 0-395-93943-7
- A documentary film by Peyer Gelb. «Ozawa». Mayseles brothers film. CBS/Sony., 1989
- Absolutely on Music: Conversations with Seiji Ozawa by Haruki Murakami (New York: Knopf, 2016)
- "Seiji Ozawa". Naxos. Retrieved 17 August 2009.
- Aaron Green. "Seiji Ozawa – A Profile of the Great Conductor". Classicalmusic.about.com. Retrieved 2016-01-06.
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- Nakasone, Yasuhiro (1999). The Making of the New Japan: Reclaiming the Political Mainstream. trans. Lesley Connors. Routledge. pp. 170–171. ISBN 978-0-7007-1246-5.
- "Two Musicians Reinstated for a Year in Coast Dispute" by Lacey Fosburgh, The New York Times, 2 August 1974
- Tommasini, Anthony (March 31, 2002). "MUSIC; A Last Bow, To Polite Applause". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 8, 2019.
- Sandow, Greg (December 15, 1998). "Conduct(or) Unbecoming the Boston Symphony". The Wall Street Journal. gregsandow.com. Retrieved 2013-07-18.
- Dezell, Maureen (December 16, 1998). "Ozawa's supporters rebut Journal attack". The Boston Globe. gregsandow.com. Retrieved 2013-07-18.
- Dezell, Maureen (December 25, 1998). "Beleaguered BSO Answers Wall Street Journal Attack". The Boston Globe. gregsandow.com.
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- Lloyd Schwartz, "So long, Seiji!", Boston Phoenix, April 25–May 2, 2002.
- "Ozawa: A pioneer who dedicated his life to Western music" by Anne Midgette, The Washington Post, 5 December 2015
- "Cultural Highlights; From the Japanese Press (August 1–October 31, 2001)," Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine Japan Foundation Newsletter, Vol. XXIX, No. 2, p. 7.
- "Seiji Ozawa Inaugurates Tokyo Opera Nomori with Elektra; Outlines Future Seasons", Opera News, 30 March 2005
- Matthew Westphal (21 March 2007). "Seiji Ozawa Returns to Podium After More Than a Year". Playbill Arts. Retrieved 2007-10-12.
- Matthew Westphal (6 June 2007). "Vienna State Opera Appoints Dominique Meyer Its Next Director, with Franz Welser-Möst as Music Director". Playbill Arts. Retrieved 2007-10-12.
- "Donald Keene, 7 others win Order of Culture," Yomiuri Shimbun. October 29, 2008; 平成20年度 文化功労者及び文化勲章受章者について 平成20年度 文化勲章受章者（五十音順）－文部科学省 Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (Japan) Retrieved October 28, 2008
- Archived February 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- "Ozawa Discloses Cancer and Cancels Concerts for 6 Months". The New York Times. 1994-04-14. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- "Conductor Seiji Ozawa vows to return to work". BBC News. 2012-03-13. Retrieved 2014-12-25.
- "Japanese conductor Seiji Ozawa beats cancer, plans opera". South China Morning Post. 2014-08-05. Retrieved 2014-12-25.
- Vishnevetsky, Ignatiy (14 November 2016). "Haruki Murakami prods a great conductor for insight in Absolutely On Music". The A.V. Club. Onion Inc. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
- "Members of Honour".
- "Hall at Tanglewood Named for Ozawa". The New York Times. 1994-04-14. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- "Seiji Ozawa Nagano Winter Olympics".
- "UNMB". Unmb.ro. Archived from the original on 2013-04-16. Retrieved 2016-01-06.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 1521. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "Reply to a parliamentary question" (PDF) (in German). p. 1921. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- Lakshmanan, Indira (1998-09-20). "Orchestrating Family Life in Japan". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
- Lakshmanan, Indira (1998-09-20). "His Other Life in Japan". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2015-12-30.
| Music Director, Vienna State Opera