Secretariat of National Defense (Mexico)
The Mexican Secretariat of National Defense (SEDENA; Spanish: Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional) is the government department responsible for managing Mexico's Army and Air Forces. Its head is the Secretary of National Defense who, like the co-equal Secretary of the Navy, is directly answerable to the President. Before 1937, the position was called the Secretary of War and of the Navy (Secretaría de Guerra y Marina). The agency has its headquarters in Lomas de Sotelo, Miguel Hidalgo, Mexico City. Some key figures who answer directly to the Secretary are the Assistant Secretary, the Chief of Staff of the Armed Forces, and all military tribunals.
|Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional|
Logo of the Mexican Secretariat of National Defense
Flag of the Mexican Secretariat of National Defense
Standard of the Mexican Secretariat of National Defense
|Headquarters||Boulevard Manuel Ávila Camacho 172, Irrigación, Secretaría de la Defensa Nacional, 11200 Mexico City|
Under the Federal Public Administration Act (Ley Orgánica de la Administración Pública Federal), the Secretary has the following duties:
- Organize, administer and prepare the Army and the Air Force.
- Organize and prepare the National Military Service.
- Management of the Army, Air Force, National Guard and armed contingents which don't belong to state's national guard.
- Plan, direct and handle mobilization of the country in the event of war; formulating and executing, in due case, plans and orders necessary to the country defense, as well as directing and advising civil defense.
- Construct and prepare the forts and all kind of military buildings for Army and Air Force use, as well as administration of barracks, hospitals and other military buildings.
- Administer military justice.
- Acquire and build armaments, ammunition, and all kinds of materials and elements for the use of Army and Air Force.
- Grant permission for an expedition force to enter another country or to allow another country to send their forces to Mexico.
- Manage the issuing of licenses to bear firearms with the aim of preventing the use of arms expressly banned in law and also those types of arms restricted by the state for the exclusive use of the Army, Navy and National Guard, with the exception of what is established by the 13th section of Article 30 of the Constitution, as well as the supervision and issuing of permits for the sale, transport and storage of firearms, chemical weapons, explosives and strategic weapons.
List of secretaries
|No.||Name||Took office||Left office||Time in office||President|
|1||General de brigada|
Pablo Quiroga Escamilla
|1934||15 June 1935||0–1 years||Lázaro Cárdenas del Río|
|2||Andrés Figueroa Figueroa|
|16 June 1935||17 October 1936 †||1 year, 123 days||Lázaro Cárdenas del Río|
Manuel Ávila Camacho
|18 October 1936||31 January 1939||2 years, 105 days||Lázaro Cárdenas del Río|
|4||General de División|
Jesús Agustín Castro
|1 February 1939||30 November 1940||1 year, 303 days||Lázaro Cárdenas del Río|
|5||Jesús Agustín Castro|
|1 December 1940||31 August 1942||1 year, 273 days||Manuel Ávila Camacho|
|6||General de División|
|1 September 1942||31 August 1945||2 years, 364 days||Manuel Ávila Camacho|
|7||General de División|
Francisco L. Urquizo
|1 September 1945||30 November 1946||1 year, 90 days||Manuel Ávila Camacho|
|8||Gilberto R. Limón|
|1 December 1946||30 November 1952||5 years, 365 days||Miguel Alemán|
|9||General de División|
|1 December 1952||30 November 1958||5 years, 365 days||Adolfo Ruiz Cortines|
|10||General de División|
|1 December 1958||30 November 1964||5 years, 365 days||Adolfo López Mateos|
|11||General de División|
Marcelino García Barragan
|1 December 1964||30 November 1970||5 years, 364 days||Gustavo Díaz Ordaz|
|12||Hermenegildo Cuenca Díaz|
|1 December 1970||30 November 1976||5 years, 365 days||Luis Echeverría Álvarez|
|13||General de División|
Félix Galván López
|1 December 1976||30 November 1982||5 years, 364 days||José López Portillo|
|14||General de División|
Juan Arévalo Gardoqui
|1 December 1982||30 November 1988||5 years, 365 days||Miguel de la Madrid Hurtado|
|15||General de División|
Antonio Riviello Bazán
|1 December 1988||30 November 1994||6 years, 0 days||Carlos Salinas de Gortari|
|16||General de División|
Enrique Cervantes Aguirre
|1 December 1994||30 November 2000||6 years, 0 days||Ernesto Zedillo|
|17||General de División|
Gerardo Clemente Vega
|1 December 2000||30 November 2006||6 years, 0 days||Vicente Fox|
|18||General de División|
Guillermo Galván Galván
|1 December 2006||30 November 2012||6 years, 0 days||Felipe Calderón|
Salvador Cienfuegos Zepeda
|1 December 2012||30 November 2018||6 years, 0 days||Enrique Peña Nieto|
|20||General de División|
Luis Cresencio Sandoval
|1 December 2018||Incumbent||1 year, 9 days||Andrés Manuel López Obrador|
- Mexico's Federal Organic Law of Public AdministrationLey Orgánica de la Administración Pública Federal, Article 29 Archived 2006-06-15 at the Wayback Machine
- "Home." Secretariat of National Defense. Retrieved on February 15, 2011. "Blvd. Manuel Ávila Camacho S/N. Esq. Av. Ind. Mil., Col. Lomas de Sotelo; Deleg. Miguel Hidalgo, D.F. C.P. 11640."
- "Quien es el Gral. Luis C. Sandoval, proximo Secretario de Defensa" [Who is Gen. Luis C. Sandoval, next Secretary of Defense?], El Universal (in Spanish), Mexico City, October 22, 2018, retrieved June 24, 2019
- Official site of the Secretariat of National Defense (in Spanish)
- Official site of the Secretariat of National Defense, English version
- Citizens' Portal, Official Site of the Mexican Government (in Spanish)
- Basic Law of Federal Public Administration (in Spanish)