Second Army (Turkey)

The Second Army (Turkish: 2. Ordu) of the Turkish Army has headquarters in Malatya. It protects Anatolia and it patrols the border with Syria, Iraq and Iran.

Second Army
ActiveNovember 1921-June 1923
October 1923-present
TypeField Army
Part ofTurkish Army
Lt. Gen. Sinan Yayla
Yakup Şevki Subaşı (1921-1923)
Ali Fuat Cebesoy (1923-1924)
Fahrettin Altay (1924-1933)
İzzettin Çalışlar (1933-1939)
Abdurrahman Nafiz Gürman (1939-1944)
İsmail Metin Temel (2016-2018)

Modern Turkish corps are referred to in TGS literature in Arabic (1st) numerals. It is not clear when the change occurred. An arbitrary date of 1945 has been chosen as the point at which to start referring to corps in Arabic numerals.


Order of battle, August 30, 1922

On August 30, 1922, the Second Army was organized as follows:

Second Army HG (Commander: Yakup Şevki Subaşı, Chief of Staff: Hüseyin Hüsnü Emir Erkilet)

Order of Battle, 1941

In June 1941, the Second Army was organized as follows:[1]

Second Army HQ (Balıkesir, Commander: Abdurrahman Nafiz Gürman)

The 1970s and Invasion of Cyprus

From August 1970-August 1972 Semih Sancar commanded 2nd Army Command.

The ground forces detailed for the operation were put under the command of the 6th Corps/Second Army. They included the "Cakmak Special Strike Force", a brigade level unit which would conduct the amphibious landing, the Commando brigade, the Parachute brigade, the 39th infantry division, the 28th motorised infantry division and elements of the 5th armoured brigade and the Jandarma. About 6,000 Turkish-Cypriot fighters were stationed inside the Gönyeli enclave.[2]

Order of Battle, 2010

Şükrü Sarıışık commanded 2004-06. From 30 August 2006 - 30 August 2008 General Hasan Iğsız commanded 2nd Army. General Necdet_Özel commanded the army in 2008-2010.

Estimated order of battle includes:

Reported order of battle, 2012, during Syrian uprising

The 2nd Army Command, headquartered in Malatya, has the second-highest number of troops after the Istanbul-based 1st Army Command, comprising roughly 100,000 soldiers. It is under the control of the Commander of the Land Forces, and includes these affiliated units:<ref> via Claire Berlinski,

See also


  1. Mete Tunçay, "İkinci Dünya Savaşı'nın Başlarında (1939-1941) Türk Ordusu", Tarih ve Toplum, S. 35, Kasım 1986, p. 41. (in Turkish)
  2. Απόφαση - Απόβαση, Μεχμέτ Αλί Μπιράντ, Εκδόσεις Ιωάννης Φλώρος, Athens 1984, page 52 (Greek translation of the Turkish original: "30 sicak gün", Birand Mehmet Ali, Millyet, Istanbul 1976)
  3. Army sends more guns, soldiers, to borderline, Hürriyet, August 17, 2012
  4. President calls for national unity Archived 2007-09-16 at the Wayback Machine, Turkish Daily News, Thursday, September 13, 2007
  5. Unification of Culture and Tourism Ministries constitutional One soldier killed, three injured in terrorist attack Minister Cicek says Turkey's credit, Turkish Daily News, October 17, 2003.
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