Scrooge (1935 film)
Scrooge is a 1935 British Christmas fantasy film directed by Henry Edwards and starring Seymour Hicks, Donald Calthrop and Robert Cochran. Hicks appears as Ebenezer Scrooge, the miser who hates Christmas. It was the first sound version of the Charles Dickens classic A Christmas Carol, not counting a 1928 short subject that now appears to be lost. Hicks had previously played the role of Scrooge on the stage many times beginning in 1901, and again in a 1913 British silent film version.
Film Title Frame
|Directed by||Henry Edwards|
|Produced by||Julius Hagen|
|Screenplay by||H. Fowler Mear|
|Based on||A Christmas Carol|
by Charles Dickens
|Starring||Sir Seymour Hicks|
|Music by||W.L. Trytel|
|Edited by||Ralph Kemplen|
|Distributed by||Twickenham Film Studios|
1843, Christmas Eve: Ebenezer Scrooge (Sir Seymour Hicks), a cold-hearted and greedy elderly money-lender, is working in his freezing counting house along with his suffering, underpaid clerk Bob Cratchit (Donald Calthrop). Two fellow businessmen (Charles Carson and Hubert Harben) arrive to collect a donation for the poor, but the old man instead supports the prisons and workhouses. Scrooge catches Bob trying to take some coal but warns him he will be out of a job if he does not go back to work. A visit from Fred (Robert Cochran), Scrooge's nephew and sole living relative, only incites further annoyance, with Scrooge refusing to dine with him and his wife, and claiming Christmas is 'Humbug!'.
That night after work, Bob goes home to celebrate the holidays with his family while Scrooge dines alone at a seedy pub while the lords and ladies of London celebrate Christmas with the Lord Mayor of London. At home, Scrooge encounters the ghost of his seven-year dead partner Jacob Marley (Claude Rains – whose voice is only heard) who wears a chain he 'forged in life' from his own wicked career. He tells Scrooge he will be haunted by three spirits in order to escape his fate.
That night, as Marley warned, Scrooge is haunted by the Ghost of Christmas Past (Marie Ney), who shows Scrooge when he lost his fiancée due to his greedy nature towards others including a debt-ridden couple. Scrooge then sees that his ex-fiancée Belle (Mary Glynne) is now married and has many children.
The next sprit, the Ghost of Christmas Present (Oscar Asche), shows Scrooge just how poor Bob and his family are as they have a meager Christmas dinner of goose and pudding. The spirit threatens that unless the future changes, Tiny Tim (Philip Frost), the youngest son, who is ill will die. Scrooge then sees how others keep Christmas before seeing Fred celebrate with his wife and friends.
The Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come (C.V. France) shows Scrooge what lies in store the following year. Scrooge discovers Tim is dead and that the man that was robbed and spoken of by some businessmen was himself after seeing his grave.
Scrooge returns a changed and generous person. He orders a turkey for Bob and his family, gives a healthy donation to the two men from the day before and dines with Fred. The film ends with Scrooge raising Bob's wages and that he will be a stepfather to Tim before the two attend church together.
- Sir Seymour Hicks as Ebenezer Scrooge
- Donald Calthrop as Bob Cratchit
- Robert Cochran as Fred
- Mary Glynne as Belle
- Garry Marsh as Belle's husband
- Oscar Asche as Spirit of Christmas Present
- Marie Ney as Spirit of Christmas Past (physical outline only)
- C.V. France as Spirit of Christmas Future
- Athene Seyler as Scrooge's charwoman
- Maurice Evans as Poor man
- Mary Lawson as Poor man's wife
- Barbara Everest as Mrs. Cratchit
- Eve Gray as Fred's wife
- Morris Harvey as Poulterer with Prize Turkey
- Philip Frost as Tiny Tim
- D.J. Williams as Undertaker
- Margaret Yarde as Scrooge's laundress
- Hugh E. Wright as Old Joe
- Charles Carson as Middlemark
- Hubert Harben as Worthington
- Claude Rains as Jacob Marley (voice, uncredited)
- Robert Morley as Rich man (uncredited)
Differences between adaptations
The 1935 film differs from all other versions of the story in one significant way – most of the tormented spirits, including that of Jacob Marley, are not actually shown onscreen, although their voices are heard. Only Christmas Present is actually seen in full figure – Christmas Past is a mere shape with no discernible facial features, Marley's Ghost is seen only briefly as a face on the door knocker, and Christmas Yet to Come is simply an outstretched pointing finger.
Hicks plays both the old and young Scrooge. Albert Finney (in the 1970 film Scrooge) and Jim Carrey (in the 2009 film A Christmas Carol) are the only others to play both young and old Scrooge on film.
The story is also severely truncated. Much time is spent at the beginning – before any of the ghosts appear – setting up the atmosphere of rich and poor London. Scrooge's sister Fan and Fezziwig are completely omitted from this version.
This is the first of only two sound versions in which Tiny Tim is actually depicted lying dead. In the Christmas Yet to Come sequence, Bob grieves at Tim's bedside. The 1999 television adaptation also contains this scene.
Maurice Evans appears briefly as a man harassed by Scrooge to pay his debts. Donald Calthrop portrays a Bob Cratchit who bears an uncanny physical resemblance to John Leech's illustrations of the character in the original 1843 edition of the novel.
Two versions of this adaptation exist; each has a differently designed opening credits sequence (a book and a metal plate), and one of the two omits the very last scenes.
For years, it was kept out of circulation, due to the extremely poor quality of most of the surviving prints. However, it can be found on video sites such as YouTube.