William Scott Bowman, OC (born September 18, 1933) is a Canadian retired National Hockey League (NHL) head coach. He holds the record for most wins in league history, with 1,248 wins in the regular season and 223 in the Stanley Cup playoffs and ranks 2nd all time (behind Jean Béliveau's seventeen) for most Stanley Cup victories by a player, coach or executive with fourteen. He coached the St. Louis Blues, Montreal Canadiens, Buffalo Sabres, Pittsburgh Penguins, and Detroit Red Wings. He is currently the Senior Advisor of Hockey Operations for the Chicago Blackhawks (his son, Stan, is the team's general manager). Bowman is regarded as one of the greatest coaches in NHL history.
|Hockey Hall of Fame, 1991|
Scotty Bowman at the 2006 NHL Awards
|Born||September 18, 1933|
Verdun, Quebec, Canada
|Position||Senior Advisor of Hockey Operations|
|Previous team(s)||St. Louis Blues|
Detroit Red Wings
|Stanley Cup wins||9 (1972-73, 1975-76, 1976-77, 1977-78, 1978-79, 1991-92, 1996-97, 1997-98, 2001-02)|
|Years as a coach||1956–2002|
|Years as an NHL coach||1967–2002|
As head coach, Bowman has won a record nine Stanley Cup championships; five with the Canadiens (1973, 1976, 1977, 1978, and 1979), one with the Penguins (1992) and three with the Red Wings (1997, 1998, and 2002). He has also won five Stanley Cups as a member of an organization's front office. He was director of player development for the 1991 Penguins, Consultant with the 2008 Detroit Red Wings, and Senior Advisor of Hockey Operations for the 2010, 2013, and 2015 Chicago Blackhawks. Bowman is the only NHL coach to lead three teams to Stanley Cup victories. Bowman won the Jack Adams Award in 1977 and 1996. In the 1976–77 season he won a record 60 games, breaking his own record of 58 wins the year before. He broke his own record again in the 1995–1996 season, with 62 wins. His 8 losses in 1976–77 are a modern record. His teams also made it to the Stanley Cup Finals a record 13 times and the semi-finals a record 16 times.
He started coaching with the Ottawa Junior Canadiens in the Quebec Junior Hockey League in 1956. Two years later, the team coached by Bowman and managed by Sam Pollock won the Memorial Cup in 1958. Soon thereafter, he moved into a coaching job with the Peterborough Petes of the Ontario Hockey League (OHA), the Montreal Canadiens' junior farm team.
St. Louis Blues
Bowman moved into the NHL in 1967 when he joined the expansion St. Louis Blues as an assistant coach under general manager/coach Lynn Patrick. However, Patrick resigned after a slow start, and Bowman started as coach at age 34. The Blues caught fire, and made it to the Stanley Cup finals in their first three years of existence. Bowman also served as general manager after Lynn Patrick gave up the job in the summer of 1968. Bowman remained in St. Louis until the end of the 1970–71 season, but left due to a dispute with team ownership.
Bowman then joined the Montreal Canadiens as head coach. Though the Canadiens were the defending champions, Al MacNeil had been sacked as head coach due to accusations of favoritism toward the team's anglophone players. Bowman was hired in part because he is fluently bilingual in English and French. His team lost in the first round of the playoffs in 1972 but won the Stanley Cup in 1973. The Canadiens would make the playoffs over the next two seasons but lost in the first and third rounds, as the rival Philadelphia Flyers won the Stanley Cup.
From 1976 to 1979, Bowman won four consecutive Stanley Cups with a talented Canadiens squad that included Guy Lafleur, Steve Shutt, Larry Robinson and Ken Dryden. Bowman's team won at least 45 games in each of his eight seasons. However, after a falling-out with ownership, Bowman stepped down after the 1978–79 season. The reason for the falling-out was the team's decision to pass him over as the new General Manager of the club in 1978 after Sam Pollock's retirement, as they hired Irving Grundman instead. The Canadiens' dynasty ended after Bowman and several key players left the team. Bowman remains second all-time in Canadiens history in both wins and winning percentage, behind Toe Blake in both categories.
Bowman and General Manager Sam Pollock not only presided over a Canadiens dynasty, but many of their players went on to have successful coaching and managing roles with their own teams.
For the 1979–80 season, he moved to the Buffalo Sabres as coach and general manager. He served as the team's general manager until 1987, doubling as coach on three separate occasions. During this time, he missed the playoffs for the only time in his coaching career, in the 1985–86 season. He left the Sabres as coach with the highest franchise win rate in their history. He has since been passed by Lindy Ruff.
Bowman joined the Sabres around the same time that their stars were growing old. While the Sabres remained competitive for much of his tenure, he was unable to build them into anything approaching the powerhouses he'd coached in Montreal. Bowman was relieved of his duties during the 1986-87 season and replaced by Gerry Meehan 12 games into the season. Scotty then become an analyst for the CBC's Hockey Night in Canada.
In the summer, Bob Johnson, who had just won the Stanley Cup with the Penguins, was diagnosed with brain cancer and Bowman took over as head coach. Johnson died on November 26, 1991. Under Bowman, the Penguins repeated as Stanley Cup champions in a season dedicated to Johnson.
The next season, the Penguins had their first 100-point season in franchise history and finished with the league's best record. The 1992–93 Penguins under Bowman set the NHL record for consecutive wins in the regular season with 17. Their 119 points is still a franchise record. In the playoffs, the Penguins were upset in seven games in the Patrick Division finals by the New York Islanders coached by Al Arbour, a former Bowman player with the Blues.
After his two seasons as head coach in Pittsburgh, he was offered a long-term deal by the club. However, he indicated that he was not interested in their initial offer, which was not disclosed to the public, so they rescinded it. "We have to get somebody who wants to coach this team," Penguins owner Howard Baldwin said. "Scotty was clearly looking elsewhere."
Detroit Red Wings
In 1993–94, Bowman became coach of the Red Wings, and led them to a first-place finish in the Western Conference, but his Red Wings were ousted in the first round by the young San Jose Sharks. According to an apocryphal story, Bowman had difficulty in the maze-like tunnels of the San Jose Arena, eventually having to be rescued after getting lost and twice locking himself into rooms.
In 1995, the Red Wings made it to the Stanley Cup Finals, their first finals appearance in 29 years, but were swept by the New Jersey Devils in four straight. In the 1995–96 regular season, he won a record 62 games. However, they lost to the Colorado Avalanche in the Western Conference Finals.
In the 1997 playoffs, Bowman led the team to its first Stanley Cup in 42 years by sweeping the Philadelphia Flyers 4–0. The Red Wings repeated the feat the following season (1998) by defeating the Washington Capitals in 5 games.
In 1999 and 2000, they lost to the Colorado Avalanche in the Western Semi-Finals, and in 2001 they were eliminated by the Los Angeles Kings in the first round.
Bowman decided in February 2002 that he would retire at the end of the season and he went out as a winner as his Red Wings won the Stanley Cup by defeating the Carolina Hurricanes 4 games to 1. During the presentation of the Cup on the ice, Bowman put on an old pair of skates so he could take a lap with the Cup. He then publicly announced his retirement from coaching. At the time of his retirement, he was second on the Red Wings' all-time wins list behind only Jack Adams. He is now third, behind Adams and Mike Babcock.
Bowman received the Wayne Gretzky International Award in 2002.
|STL||1967–68||58||23||21||14||—||70||3rd in West||8||10||.444||Lost in Stanley Cup Finals|
|STL||1968–69||76||37||25||14||—||88||1st in West||8||4||.667||Lost in Stanley Cup Finals|
|STL||1969–70||76||37||27||12||—||86||1st in West||8||8||.500||Lost in Stanley Cup Finals|
|STL||1970–71||28||13||10||5||—||31||2nd in West||2||4||.333||Lost in Quarterfinals|
|STL total||238||110||83||45||—||265||26||26||.500||4 playoff appearances|
|MTL||1971–72||78||46||16||16||—||108||3rd in East||2||4||.333||Lost in Quarterfinals|
|MTL||1972–73||78||52||10||16||—||120||1st in East||12||5||.706||Won Stanley Cup|
|MTL||1973–74||78||45||24||9||—||99||2nd in East||2||4||.333||Lost in Quarterfinals|
|MTL||1974–75||80||47||14||19||—||113||1st in Norris||6||5||.545||Lost in Semifinals|
|MTL||1975–76||80||58||11||11||—||127||1st in Norris||12||1||.923||Won Stanley Cup|
|MTL||1976–77||80||60||8||12||—||132||1st in Norris||12||2||.857||Won Stanley Cup|
|MTL||1977–78||80||59||10||11||—||129||1st in Norris||12||3||.800||Won Stanley Cup|
|MTL||1978–79||80||52||17||11||—||115||1st in Norris||12||4||.750||Won Stanley Cup|
|MTL total||634||419||110||105||—||943||70||28||.714||8 playoff appearances|
5 Stanley Cup titles
|BUF||1979–80||80||47||17||16||—||110||1st in Adams||9||5||.643||Lost in Semifinals|
|BUF||1981–82||35||18||10||7||—||43||3rd in Adams||1||3||.250||Lost in Division Semifinals|
|BUF||1982–83||80||38||29||13||—||89||3rd in Adams||6||4||.600||Lost in Division Finals|
|BUF||1983–84||80||48||25||7||—||103||2nd in Adams||0||3||.000||Lost in Division Semifinals|
|BUF||1984–85||80||38||28||14||—||90||3rd in Adams||2||3||.400||Lost in Division Semifinals|
|BUF||1985–86||37||18||18||1||—||37||5th in Adams||—||—||—||Missed playoffs|
|BUF total||404||210||134||60||—||480||18||18||.500||5 playoff appearances|
|PIT||1991–92||80||39||32||9||—||87||3rd in Patrick||16||5||.762||Won Stanley Cup|
|PIT||1992–93||84||56||21||7||—||119||1st in Patrick||7||5||.583||Lost in Division Finals|
|PIT total||164||95||53||16||—||206||23||10||.697||2 playoff appearances|
1 Stanley Cup title
|DET||1993–94||84||46||30||8||—||100||1st in Central||3||4||.429||Lost in Conference Quarterfinals|
|DET||1994–95||48||33||11||4||—||70||1st in Central||12||6||.667||Lost in Stanley Cup Finals|
|DET||1995–96||82||62||13||7||—||131||1st in Central||10||9||.526||Lost in Conference Finals|
|DET||1996–97||82||38||26||18||—||94||2nd in Central||16||4||.800||Won Stanley Cup|
|DET||1997–98||82||44||23||15||—||103||2nd in Central||16||6||.727||Won Stanley Cup|
|DET||1998–99||82||43||32||7||—||93||1st in Central||6||4||.600||Lost in Conference Semifinals|
|DET||1999–2000||82||48||22||10||2||108||2nd in Central||5||4||.556||Lost in Conference Semifinals|
|DET||2000–01||82||49||20||9||4||111||1st in Central||2||4||.333||Lost in Conference Quarterfinals|
|DET||2001–02||82||51||17||10||4||116||1st in Central||16||7||.696||Won Stanley Cup|
|DET total||706||410||193||88||10||920||86||48||.642||9 playoff appearances|
3 Stanley Cup titles
|Total||2,141||1,244||573||314||10||2,814||223||130||.632||28 playoff appearances|
9 Stanley Cup titles
In 2003 Bowman was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame.
Since his retirement as coach in 2002, Bowman worked as a special consultant to the Red Wings. On August 3, 2007, it was reported that Bowman was offered the position of President of the Toronto Maple Leafs. Bowman later appeared in an interview on Hockey Night in Canada on January 12, 2008 confirming that he was very close to taking the job only to be turned away by Richard Peddie, CEO of Maple Leaf Sports & Entertainment Ltd. (MLSE). In July 2008, he took a position as senior advisor of hockey operations for the Chicago Blackhawks to work alongside his son Stan Bowman, who is the general manager. The Blackhawks' Stanley Cup victory in 2010 gave Bowman his 12th Stanley Cup including coaching and team management, and the Blackhawks' 2013, and 2015 Stanley Cup victories were Bowman's 13th and 14th respectively.
In 2012, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada "for his contributions to hockey as a coach and mentor".
On February 8, 2017, it was announced that Bowman would receive Order of Hockey in Canada award in a ceremony on June 19.
As of January 2018 Bowman is living in Sarasota, Florida, attending all of the Tampa Bay Lightning home games in his role as the Senior Advisor of Hockey Operations for the Chicago Blackhawks, managed by his son Stan Bowman. Scotty follows the league from Tampa Bay, as he currently isn't heavily involved with the Blackhawks.
- The Game, Ken Dryden, p.36, Published by Macmillan Canada, 1993, ISBN 0-7715-9001-6
- The Montreal Canadiens:100 Years of Glory, D’Arcy Jenish, p.236, Published in Canada by Doubleday, 2009, ISBN 978-0-385-66325-0
- HickokSports.com – Biography – Scotty Bowman Archived January 25, 2013, at Archive.today
- "Scotty Bowman Appointed To Selection Committee". hhof.com.
- "Bowman Decides Not to Return as Penguin Coach". LA Times. May 29, 1993. Retrieved November 14, 2017.
- Dave Stubbs (November 5, 2017). "Bowman kept coaching retirement secret until after Stanley Cup win". NHL.com.
- "Off-Season News and Notes". American Hockey Coaches Association. October 14, 2002. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- "Wayne Gretzky International Award". U.S. Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
- Canada's Walk of Fame
- Kelley, Jim (May 29, 2008). "Bowman keeps close ties to Cup". SI.com. Cable News Network. Retrieved June 5, 2008.
- "Scotty Bowman says Leafs turned him down". CBC News. January 13, 2008.
- Bowman: Maple Leafs turned me down
- Chicago Blackhawks – News: Blackhawks To Host Major Press Conference Today – July 31, 2008 Archived August 5, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "Appointments to the Order of Canada".
- "2017 Distinguished Honourees of the Order of Hockey in Canada announced". www.hockeycanada.ca. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- "Scotty Bowman named to Order of Hockey in Canada". NHL.com. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 8, 2017.
- Biographical information and career statistics from Eliteprospects.com, or Legends of Hockey, or The Internet Hockey Database