Scorpion Reef

Scorpion Reef (Spanish: Arrecife Alacranes) is a reef surrounding a small group of islands in the Gulf of Mexico off the northern coast of the state of Yucatán, Mexico.[2] Designated a national park, the reef is part of the Campeche Bank archipelago and is the largest reef in the southern Gulf of Mexico.[3][4]

Scorpion Reef
Native name:
Arrecife Alacranes
ISS image of Scorpion Reef
Scorpion Reef
LocationGulf of Mexico
Progreso Municipality
Yucatán, Mexico
Coordinates22°22′58″N 89°40′57.8″W
ArchipelagoCampeche Bank
Total islands5
Major islandsIsla Pérez
Official nameParque Nacional Arrecife Alacranes
Designated2 February 2008
Reference no.1820[1]

Scorpion Reef contains the five main vegetated islands of Isla Pérez, Isla Desertora, Isla Pájaros, Isla Chica, and Isla Desterrada.[3][4] Isla Pérez is the only inhabited island and includes a lighthouse.[3]

The British postal steamer Tweed shipwrecked in Arrecife Alacranes in 1847, with the loss of 72 lives and a cargo of mercury during a journey from Havana to Veracruz.[5] [6]

See also


  1. "Parque Nacional Arrecife Alacranes". Ramsar Sites Information Service. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  2. "Alacranes Reef". Yucatan Today. 2008. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
  3. "Arrecife Alacrán". GulfBase. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
  4. "Instituto Nacional de Ecología" (in Spanish). Parque Marino Nacional Arrecife Alacranes. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
  5. "The Wreck of the West India Ship Tweed". The Times (19519). London. 9 April 1847. col A-E, p. 5.
  6. Alone in Mexico: The astonishing travels of Karl Heller, 1845-1848. University of Alabama Press. 2007. ISBN 978-0-8173-1588-7.

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