Savoy Hotel, Perth
The Savoy Hotel is a heritage-listed former hotel in Hay Street, Perth, Western Australia. It was built in the 1910s and closed in 1991. It is listed on the State Register of Historic Places, has been classified by the National Trust of Australia, and was listed on the former Register of the National Estate.
|Alternative names||Gresham Hotel|
Savoy Plaza Hotel
|Architectural style||Federation Free Classical|
|Location||636-640 Hay Street, Perth, Western Australia|
|Owner||Timothy Quinlan, Bernard Connor, Michael O'Connor, Monica Hayes|
|Design and construction|
|Architecture firm||Hobbs, Smith & Forbes|
|Main contractor||C.W. Arnott|
|Architect||William G. Bennett|
The site was originally occupied by a two storey hotel, the Shamrock Hotel, constructed in the 1840s. In 1845 the proprietor of the Shamrock Hotel Perth was Michael Henry Condron. In 1855 Condron invited Lomas Toovey to join him in ownership of the Shamrock Hotel and the following year the hotel was leased to Joseph Aloysius Lucas, who operated the hotel until his death in 1880. In 1883 Daniel Connor, a successful merchant and pastoralist (one of Perth's leading financiers and landholders), purchased the hotel from Lucas' widow, Jane Mary. Connor then leased it to Timothy Quinlan, who subsequently married Connor's daughter, Teresa. Connor died in 1898 and the hotel was transferred into the joint ownership of Quinlan, Michael O'Connor (Connor's eldest son and Quinlan's brother-in-law), Bernard Connor (Connor's third son) and Bernard's wife, Catherine. In 1891 Monica Haynes (Connor's third daughter) replaced Catherine as a joint tenant.
In November 1912 tenders were called for the development of a new Shamrock Hotel to the design of Perth architect, John Talbot Hobbs (of Hobbs, Smith and Forbes). The contract was let to prominent builder C. W. Arnott for £48,787. The building was later described as the future Gresham Hotel. Hobbs' design was for a five-storey hotel, which is said to have been the largest in Australia for some time. The building was demolished in 1913. In 1914 the name of the hotel was officially changed to the Savoy Hotel. In 1916 the hotel was advertised as "The Ritz of Australia". The Savoy also had a theatre at the back, which seated 1,500 patrons.
The Savoy Hotel continued operations between World Wars I and II, and in the 1930s part of the bottom of the hotel was given to retail. In April 1930 a fire broke out at the Savoy Hotel, severely damaging the roof, ceiling and fittings of the kitchen.
In 1936 William G. Bennett, was responsible for the remodelling of the interior of the Savoy Hotel.
During World War II, the Savoy Hotel was taken over by the Army and used as an army club, for the accommodation of commissioned officers. Nearly 100 officers were billeted at the club at any one time.
In September 1959 Cecil Brothers purchased the building and adjacent properties from the Connor Estate and in 1961 Betts & Betts took over the whole of the ground floor and created an area that was said to be the largest shoe shop in the world. The hotel was leased and managed by Jack Sheedy, former East Fremantle Australian rules footballer and later player/coach of East Perth. Sheedy renamed the hotel, the "Savoy Plaza Hotel" on the basis that it would give the hotel a more Commonwealth flavour, in reference to the 1962 Empire Games, and tying it in with other nearby buildings, specifically the adjoining Plaza Theatre and Arcade.
The hotel closed in June 1991 with all the furniture and fitting sold by the lessee at auction. In 1997 the building was declared dangerous following a dilapidation survey by Wood and Grieve Engineers. In 1989 the Savoy Hotel, including the property to the rear extending to Murray Street, was offered for sale. The site was expected to fetch between $40 and $47 million. It was again offered for sale in 1996 with an expected sale price of $23 million.
In 2002 the exterior of the Savoy Hotel building was refurbished, in conjunction with the development of the adjoining David Jones site.
In March 1954 Lionel Hart established Independent Film Distributors, which opened Perth's first newsreel theatrette, "The Liberty" in Barrack Street, with 450 seats on a single upper level; the theatrette initially specialised in Continental and other art films. Independent Film Distributors subsequently established a second theatrette on 23 December 1955, which was named "The Savoy" and located in the basement of the Savoy Hotel in Hay Street in what was previously a billiard saloon.
The 300 seat Savoy ran continuous "hour shows", that is programmes of not less than an hour (though frequently slightly more), starting at 10am and continuing without a break until approximately 11pm, allowing patrons to enter and leave as they pleased, and to stay as long as they wished. Its appeal was particularly to shoppers and others with a short time to spare in the city, so it advertised nursery, powder rooms, free cloak and parcel depository.
The introduction of television brought this to an end, by providing similar programmes free in viewers' own lounge rooms. So, at the Savoy, continuous programming of re-runs of successful feature films replaced the newsreel format; for example in January 1964 seven sessions per day of a Three Stooges' film, in January 1965 eight sessions per day of East of Eden. Even this was difficult to sustain, and the cinema drifted more and more into sensational programming, after the success of films such as London in the Raw, presented in June 1965, to which children under 16 were not admitted. By the time of the "R" certificate legislation in 1972, the Savoy had a reputation for rather risqué programmes, and in 1975 was one of the first cinemas to convert to a policy of screening only R-rated movies, a policy with which it was very successful until the early 1980s.
It closed briefly in 1983, then reverted to more conventional programming when taken over by John Marsden later that year, re-opening on 17 November 1983. When Marsden had difficulties with film supply, he sold it to Ken Hill who installed video projection and in February 1987 began to run it as an adult cinema, with topless usherettes. The cinema closed in August 1991 and its equipment moved to Club X Cinema in the basement of the Club Emporium in Barrack Street.
In 1997, the building that housed the old Savoy was still there, but the cinema staircase and entrance had been demolished, and shops extended across these gaps; access was still possible from the laneway behind to the derelict interior, as it was with the rest of the Savoy Hotel.
The Savoy Hotel was classified by the National Trust (WA) on 21 August 1978 and entered into the Register of the National Estate by the Australian Heritage Commission in September 1982.
The Savoy Hotel has also been placed on the State Heritage Register and is listed on the City of Perth's Municipal Inventory.
- "Savoy Hotel". State Heritage Office. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- "Ord Con Mins 24 August 1999" (PDF). City of Perth. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- "Savoy Hotel". Register of the National Estate. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 26 June 2016.
- "A City Landmark". The Daily News. Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 8 May 1913. p. 9 Edition: Third Edition. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- Erickson, Rica. "Connor, Daniel (1832–1898)". ADB. ANU. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- "News and Notes". Perth Gazette. Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 29 April 1913. p. 6. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "The Demolition of the Old Shamrock Hotel". The Sunday Times. Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 25 May 1913. p. 3 Section: First Section. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- "A New Name". The Daily News. Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 2 March 1914. p. 8 Edition: Third Edition. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- Perkins, Matthew (14 August 2008). "The theatrical history of Hay Street". 720 ABC Perth. Australian Broadcasting Commission. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- Thomas, Beatrice (27 February 2012). "Duo breathe life into old storeys". TheWest.com.au. The West Australian. Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- "Fire at Savoy Hotel". Northern Times. Carnarvon, WA: National Library of Australia. 17 April 1930. p. 3. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "General News". Perth Gazette. Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 13 November 1931. p. 9. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Advertising". Perth Gazette. Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 12 October 1931. p. 10. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Mr. T. A. L. Davy Dead Tragic Suddenness". Western Mail. Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 23 February 1933. p. 21. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
- "Raffles Hotel - Heritage Assessment". Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- "Real Estate". Perth Gazette. Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 13 June 1936. p. 8. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
- "Savoy Hotel For Officers". Sunday Times. Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 31 January 1943. p. 2. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- "636-648 Hay Street & 177-183 Murray Street, Perth -Savoy Hotel - Extensions to Aherns Department Store and Retail Uses on Murray Street Mall" (PDF). Council Minutes (pdf). City of Perth. 22 June 1999. p. 32. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "Starhill Global REIT to acquire David Jones Building in Perth for $148m". Lushhomemedia. 18 November 2009. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Liberty". Cinemaweb WA. The Australian Museum of Motion Picture & Television (Inc). Retrieved 6 March 2013.
- Honniball, Jack. "Cinemas 1896-1985". Murdoch University. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Savoy Theatrette". Cinema Treasures, LLC. Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- West Australian, 23 December 1955
- "Club Adult Cinema". Cinemaweb WA. The Australian Museum of Motion Picture & Television (Inc). Retrieved 21 February 2013.
- "Place No: 03264 Name: Savoy Hotel". Heritage Database. HCWA. Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- A Pictorial Guide to Identifying Australian Architecture: Styles and Terms from 1788 to the Present Apperly, R., Irving, R. and Reynolds (1989) North Ryde, Angus and Robertson
- Perth: A Cinema History Bell, M.D (1986) Sussex, Book Guild
- Historical Encyclopedia of Western Australia Jenny Gregory & Jan Gothard (Ed) (2009) UWA Press
- Savoy Hotel (Perth, W.A.) (1960). Savoy Hotel : Man, It's the Coolest!. Savoy Hotel. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
- Hocking Planning and Architecture; Ian Molyneux and Associates Architects; Aherns Land Trust; Heritage Council of Western Australia (2000). Conservation plan ... for the Savoy Hotel, 636-648 Hay Street Perth. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 19 February 2013.