Sattahip District

Sattahip (Thai: สัตหีบ, pronounced [sàt.tā.hìːp]) is a district (amphoe) in Chonburi Province, Thailand. It is at the southern tip of the province southeast of Bangkok. In 2014, the district had a population of 157,000 in an area of 348,122 km2.

Sattahip

สัตหีบ
HTMS Chakri Naruebet at Sattahip Naval Base
District location in Chonburi Province
Coordinates: 12°39′47″N 100°54′20″E
CountryThailand
ProvinceChonburi
SeatSattahip
Area
  Total348.122 km2 (134.411 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
  Total159,395
  Density457.87/km2 (1,185.9/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code20180
Geocode2009

Geography

Neighboring districts are Bang Lamung to the north, and Ban Chang of Rayong Province to the east. To the south and the west is the Gulf of Thailand.

Islands

Several islands are in Sattahip District, the largest of which is Ko Khram Yai. Many of the islands are in Sattahip Bay (อ่าวสัตหีบ).[1]

NameThai NameLocationCoordinates
Ko KhramเกาะครามKo Khram group12.70°N 100.79°E / 12.70; 100.79
Ko Klet Kaeoเกาะเกล็ดแก้วKo Khram group12.761°N 100.845°E / 12.761; 100.845
Ko Khram Noiเกาะครามน้อยKo Khram group12.727°N 100.798°E / 12.727; 100.798
Ko I Raเกาะอีร้าKo Khram group12.676°N 100.823°E / 12.676; 100.823
Ko Tao Moเกาะเตาหม้อSattahip Bay group12°38′17″N 100°52′13″E
Ko PhraเกาะพระSattahip Bay group12°38′37″N 100°53′17″E
Ko Phra Noiเกาะพระน้อยSattahip Bay group12°38′46″N 100°53′15″E
Ko I LaoเกาะอีเลาSattahip Bay group12°36′42″N 100°52′32″E
Ko YoเกาะยอSattahip Bay group12°36′59″N 100°52′52″E
Ko MuเกาะหมูSattahip Bay group12°37′26″N 100°54′3″E
Ko MaeoเกาะแมวSattahip Bay group12°36′40″N 100°53′21″E
Ko Nang RamเกาะนางรำSattahip Bay group12°36′59″N 100°56′3″E
Ko Chorakheเกาะจระเข้Sattahip Bay group12°36′12″N 100°55′0″E
Ko Samae SanเกาะแสมสารKo Samae San group12.573°N 100.95°E / 12.573; 100.95
Ko KhamเกาะขามKo Samae San group12.573°N 100.934°E / 12.573; 100.934
Ko RaetเกาะแรดKo Samae San group12.585°N 100.964°E / 12.585; 100.964
Ko Chang KlueaKo Samae San group12.550°N 100.971°E / 12.550; 100.971
Ko Chuangเกาะช่วงKo Samae San group12.520°N 100.96°E / 12.520; 100.96
Ko ChanเกาะจานKo Samae San group12.521°N 100.970°E / 12.521; 100.970
Ko Rong NangเกาะโรงหนังKo Samae San group12.53437°N 100.95870°E / 12.53437; 100.95870
Ko Rong KhonเกาะโรงโขนKo Samae San group12.53169°N 100.95972°E / 12.53169; 100.95972

History

The recorded history of Sattahip begins with a woman named Jang, who owned much land in Sattahip District. Admiral Prince Abhakara Kiartivongse, a son of King Rama V, was sent to create a naval base at Sattahip. He thought it was perfect owing to the many small islands that protected it from wind and waves. He ask Jang for land on the seacoast, and she donated the area that the prince needed.

In Thai, satta (Thai: สัต) means 'seven', while hip (Thai: หีบ) means 'box' or 'barrier'. Thus Sattahip means the 'seven barriers', which are the islands that protect the coast of the district. These islands are Ko Phra, Ko Yo, Ko Mu, Ko Tao Mo, Ko Nen, Ko San Chalam and Ko Bo.

The minor district (king amphoe) Sattahip was created on 1 April 1937 by separating the sub-districts Sattahip and Na Chom Thien from Bang Lamung District.[2] It was upgraded to a full district in 1953.[3]

Climate

Climate data for Sattahip (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.5
(97.7)
36.5
(97.7)
37.8
(100.0)
37.2
(99.0)
38.7
(101.7)
37.5
(99.5)
37.0
(98.6)
37.2
(99.0)
36.2
(97.2)
36.2
(97.2)
36.5
(97.7)
36.4
(97.5)
38.7
(101.7)
Average high °C (°F) 32.0
(89.6)
32.2
(90.0)
32.7
(90.9)
33.7
(92.7)
33.5
(92.3)
33.2
(91.8)
33.8
(92.8)
32.7
(90.9)
32.4
(90.3)
32.3
(90.1)
32.6
(90.7)
32.3
(90.1)
32.7
(90.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.2
(79.2)
27.5
(81.5)
28.6
(83.5)
29.8
(85.6)
29.6
(85.3)
29.4
(84.9)
28.9
(84.0)
28.8
(83.8)
28.1
(82.6)
27.3
(81.1)
26.9
(80.4)
26.0
(78.8)
28.1
(82.6)
Average low °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
23.3
(73.9)
25.2
(77.4)
26.3
(79.3)
26.1
(79.0)
26.0
(78.8)
25.6
(78.1)
25.6
(78.1)
24.8
(76.6)
23.8
(74.8)
22.4
(72.3)
20.6
(69.1)
24.2
(75.6)
Record low °C (°F) 13.2
(55.8)
16.0
(60.8)
16.5
(61.7)
10.0
(50.0)
21.7
(71.1)
21.7
(71.1)
19.1
(66.4)
19.8
(67.6)
21.5
(70.7)
18.0
(64.4)
15.9
(60.6)
11.2
(52.2)
10.0
(50.0)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 25.6
(1.01)
19.4
(0.76)
58.8
(2.31)
78.9
(3.11)
171.9
(6.77)
130.1
(5.12)
107.5
(4.23)
109.0
(4.29)
219.0
(8.62)
259.8
(10.23)
76.1
(3.00)
10.5
(0.41)
1,266.6
(49.87)
Average rainy days 2.6 2.6 4.6 6.6 12.4 12.9 12.5 13.6 17.1 17.4 6.4 1.5 110.2
Average relative humidity (%) 72 75 76 76 77 77 77 78 81 82 74 69 76
Mean monthly sunshine hours 195.3 180.8 186.0 186.0 117.8 114.0 117.8 58.9 108.0 108.5 171.0 192.2 1,736.3
Mean daily sunshine hours 6.3 6.4 6.0 6.2 3.8 3.8 3.8 1.9 3.6 3.5 5.7 6.2 4.8
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department[4]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[5]

Administration

The district is divided into five sub-districts (tambons), which are further subdivided into 41 villages (mubans). There are three sub-district municipalities (thesaban tambons): Sattahip, Na Chom Thian, and Bang Sare. Sattahip covers parts of tambons Sattahip and Phlu Ta Luang. Na Chom Thian and Bang Sare each parts of the same-named tambon. There are a further five tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

No. Name Thai Villages Pop.
1.Sattahipสัตหีบ0972,715
2.Na Chom Thianนาจอมเทียน0911,555
3.Phlu Ta Luangพลูตาหลวง0830,355
4.Bang Sareบางเสร่1116,942
5.Samaesanแสมสาร0406,032

References

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