In Babylonian religion, Sarpanit (alternately Sarpanitu, Zarpanit, Zarpandit, Zerpanitum, Zerbanitu, or Zirbanit)[1] is a mother goddess and the consort of the chief god, Marduk.[2] Her name means "the shining one",[3] and she is sometimes associated with the planet Venus. By a play on words her name was interpreted as zēr-bānītu, or "creatress of seed", and is thereby associated with the goddess Aruru, who, according to Babylonian myth, created mankind.[4]

Her marriage with Marduk was celebrated annually at New Year in Babylon. She was worshipped via the rising moon, and was often depicted as being pregnant. She is also known as Erua. She may be the same as Gamsu, Ishtar, and/or Bêlit.[5]

See also


  1. "Za-Zz: Encyclopedic Theosophical Glossary". Retrieved 2016-06-29.
  2. "When Time Began - 7". Retrieved 2016-06-29.
  3. "SUMERIAN AND AKKADIAN DEITIES". Retrieved 2016-06-29.
  4. Helmer Ringgren, (1974) Religions of The Ancient Near East, Translated by John Sturdy, The Westminster Press, p. 67.
  5. Goergen, Donald; Garrido, Ann; Ashley, Benedict M. (2000-01-01). The Theology of Priesthood. Liturgical Press. ISBN 9780814650844.
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