Sarno

Sarno is a town and comune and former Latin Catholic bishopric of Campania, Italy, in the province of Salerno, 20 km northeast from the city of Salerno and 60 km east of Naples by the main railway.

Sarno
Comune di Sarno
St. Michael's Cathedral

Coat of arms
Location of Sarno
Sarno
Location of Sarno in Italy
Sarno
Sarno (Campania)
Coordinates: 40°49′N 14°37′E
CountryItaly
RegionCampania
ProvinceSalerno (SA)
FrazioniFoce, Episcopio, Lavorate
Government
  MayorGiuseppe Canfora
Area
  Total39 km2 (15 sq mi)
Elevation
30 m (100 ft)
Population
 (31 449)[2]
  Total31,463
  Density810/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Sarnesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
84087
Dialing code081
Patron saintSt. Michael
Saint dayMay 8
WebsiteOfficial website

Overview

It lies at the foot of the Apennine Mountains, near the sources of the Sarno River, called Sarnus in ancient times, a stream connected by canal with Pompei and the sea.

Paper, cotton, silk, linen and hemp are manufactured. The travertine which forms round the springs of the Sarno was used even at ancient Pompeii as building material.

History

The area of Sarno has been inhabited since Neolithic times, and in pre-historical times housed Oscan and Samnites settlements. Later it was acquired by the Romans, who held it until the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD. The first nucleus of the future Sarno grew in the 8th century around a castle founded by the Lombards of Benevento.

Before its incorporation to the domains of the crown of Naples, Sarno gave its name to a county held in succession by the Orsini, Coppola, Tuttavilla, and Colonna families.

On May 5, 1998 Sarno and the neighbouring villages of Quindici, Siano and Bracigliano were devastated by a series of landslides. 180 houses were destroyed, 450 severely damaged, and 161 people died in what was one of the biggest catastrophes of its kind in modern Italy. The landslides had been caused by several days of torrential rainfalls, but were also blamed on agricultural, residential and industrial overexploitation and the lack of any substantial environmental programs. The catastrophe prompted the Italian Ministry of the Environment to introduce a couple of legislative measures for environmental protection which have come to be known as legge Sarno.

Ecclesiastical history

The Diocese of Sarno was established circa 1000 AD, presumably as suffragan of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Oristano. In 1534 it lost territory to the Diocese of Nola. The neighbouring bishopric of Cava de' Tirreni was held in personal union with Sarno (united aeque principaliter) from 27 June 1818 till 25 September 1972.

Suppressed on 30 September 1986, its territory and title being merged into the thus renamed Diocese of Nocera Inferiore-Sarno.

Episcopal ordinaries

(all Roman Rite)

Suffragan Bishops of Sarno (without ordinals; first incumbent(s) lacking?)

  • Riso (1066? – ?)
  • Giovanni (1111–1118)
  • Giovanni (1119–1134)
  • Pietro (1134–1156)
  • Giovanni (1156–1180)
  • Unfrido (1180–1202)
  • Tibaldo (1201–1208)
  • Ruggiero (1209–1216)
  • Giovanni (1216–1224)
  • Giovanni (1224–1258)
  • Angelo d’Aquino (1258–1265)
  • Giovanni (1265–1296)
  • Guglielmo (1296–1309)
  • Ruggiero De Canalibus (1310–1316)
  • Ruggiero (1316–1316)
  • Ruggiero De Miramonte (1316–1324)
  • Antonio da Ancona (1324–1326)
  • Napoleone (1326–1330)
  • Nicola (1330 – death 1333)
  • Francesco, Friars Minor (O.F.M.) (13 March 1333 – 1340)
  • Napoleone (1340–1350)
  • Teobaldo (25 April 1350 – 1370)
  • Giovanni (1372–1404)
  • Giovanni (1404–1407)
  • Francesco Mormile (1407–1408), later Bishop of Cava (Italy) (1408–1419)
  • Giovanni (1408–1414)
  • Francesco Anconitano (1414–1419)
  • Marco da Teramo (29 December 1418 – death 1439); previously Bishop of Monopoli (Italy) (24 March 1400 – 15 December 1404), Bishop of Bertinoro (Italy) (15 December 1404 – 29 December 1418)
  • Andrea da Nola (23 October 1439 – 1454)
  • Ludovico Dell'Aquila (1454–1470)
  • Antonio de' Pazzi (1475 – 26 February 1477), later Bishop of Mileto (Italy) (26 February 1477 – death 1479)
  • Giovanni da Viterbo (30 September 1478 – 16 February 1481), later Bishop of Crotone (Italy) (16 February 1481 – death 25 November 1496)
  • Andrea De Ruggiero (16 February 1481 – 1482)
  • Andrea Dei Pazzi (16 February 1482 – 1498)
  • Agostino Tuttavilla (1498–1501)
  • Giorgio Maccafani de' Pireto (1501–1516), previously Bishop of Civita Castellana e Orte (Italy) (24 September 1498 – 1501)

Main sights

Sarno has the ruins of a medieval castle, which belonged to Count Francesco Coppola, who took an important part in the conspiracy of the barons against Ferdinand II of Aragon in 1485. Walter III of Brienne is buried in the ancient church of Santa Maria della Foce, rebuilt in 1701. Sarno Cathedral is near the town centre.

References

  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. Population data from Istat
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