Santa Sangre

Santa Sangre (Holy Blood) is a 1989 Mexican-Italian avant-garde horror film directed by Alejandro Jodorowsky and written by Jodorowsky along with Claudio Argento and Roberto Leoni. It stars Axel Jodorowsky, Adan Jodorowsky, Teo Jodorowsky, Blanca Guerra, Thelma Tixou and Guy Stockwell. Set in Mexico, the film tells the story of Fenix, a boy who grew up in a circus.

Santa Sangre
Original US theatrical release poster
Directed byAlejandro Jodorowsky
Produced byClaudio Argento
Written byAlejandro Jodorowsky
Roberto Leoni
Claudio Argento
StarringAxel Jodorowsky
Blanca Guerra
Adan Jodorowsky
Guy Stockwell
Thelma Tixou
Music bySimon Boswell
CinematographyDaniele Nannuzzi
Edited byMauro Bonanni
Distributed byMainline Pictures
Expanded Entertainment
Release date
  • 19 May 1989 (1989-05-19) (Cannes)
  • 24 November 1989 (1989-11-24) (Italy)
  • 31 May 1990 (1990-05-31) (Mexico)
Running time
123 minutes[1]


The film starts with a naked figure sitting in a tree in what looks like a mental asylum. Nurses come out to him, bringing a plate of conventional food and also one of a raw fish. As they try to coax him off of his perch, it is the fish that persuades him to come down. As the nurses get him to put on some overalls, the viewer sees that he has a tattoo of a phoenix on his chest.

We flash back to Fenix's childhood, which he spent performing as a "child magician" in a circus run by his father Orgo, the knife-thrower, and his mother Concha, a trapeze artist and aerialist. The circus crew also includes, among others, a tattooed woman, who acts as the object of Orgo's knife-throwing feats, her adopted daughter Alma (a hearing-impaired, voiceless mime and tightrope walker whom Fenix adores, with the feeling mutual), Fenix's dwarf friend Aladin, a pack of clowns and a small elephant. Orgo carries on a very public flirtation with the tattooed woman, and their knife-throwing act is heavily sexualized.

Concha is also the leader of a religious cult that considers, as its patron saint, a little girl who was raped and had her arms cut off by two brothers. Their church is about to be bulldozed at the behest of the owner of the land, and the followers make one last stand against the police and the bulldozers. A Roman Catholic Monsignor drives into the conflict, saying that he will prevent its demolition, but after he enters the temple to inspect it he deems it blasphemous and unworthy (the girl worshipped is no saint, he says, and the supposed pool of "holy blood" at the center of the edifice contains just red paint), so the demolition is carried out. Fenix leads Concha back to the circus, where she finds out about Orgo's affair, but Orgo, being also a hypnotist, puts Concha in a trance and rapes her.

The circus elephant then dies, much to Fenix's grief, and a public funeral is conducted, in which the elephant is paraded through the city inside a giant casket. The casket is then dropped into the city dump, where scavengers open it up and proceed to carve up the elephant and take away the meat. Orgo consoles his son by tattooing a spread-eagled phoenix onto his chest, identical to the one on his own chest, using a knife dipped in red ink. This tattoo, Orgo says, will make Fenix a man.

Later on, Concha, during her trapeze act, sees Orgo and the tattooed woman sneak out of the big top. She chases after them and, seeing them sexually engaged, pours a bottle of sulphuric acid onto Orgo's genitals. Orgo retaliates by cutting off both her arms (much like the girl previously venerated). He then walks into the street and slits his own throat. Fenix witnesses this, locked inside a trailer. He then sees the tattooed woman driving off with Alma.

Back in the present, Fenix is taken out of the asylum to a movie theater along with other patients, most of whom have Down syndrome. A pimp intercepts them and persuades them to take cocaine and follow him to meet an overweight prostitute. Fenix then spots the Tattooed Woman, who is now a prostitute, and becomes filled with rage. Back in the asylum, Fenix's armless mother Concha calls out for him from the street and he escapes by climbing down a rope from his cell window. The Tattooed Woman is shown trying to prostitute Alma, who runs away and sleeps on the roof of a truck. The Tattooed Woman is then mutilated and killed by the hands of an unseen woman.

Mother and son go on to perform an act whereby he stands behind her and moves his arms so that they appear to be Concha's arms that are moving. But Concha soon starts to use her son's hands to kill those women whom she deems a threat to her, including a young performer that he kills with a knife-throw, as well as a cross-dressing wrestler, whom he slashes with a Japanese katana sword. A dream sequence subsequently shows that he has killed many more women, all of whose memories haunt him.

Alma finds Fenix and together they plan to run away from Concha and her house. She tries to force Fenix to murder Alma as well, but, after a struggle, he manages to plunge a knife into Concha's stomach. Yet she does not die but taunts him by saying she will always be inside him as she vanishes before his eyes. Through a quick series of flashbacks, it is revealed that Concha actually died after being maimed by Orgo, and that Fenix has actually kept a mannequin of his armless mother for performing on stage and at home, which also now appears in reality to be a thoroughly dilapidated house. He destroys the home-made temple and throws away the mannequin with the help of his imaginary childhood friends, Aladin and the clowns.

Alma proceeds to lead Fenix outside the house where police are waiting and order them to put up their hands. As they both comply, Fenix watches his own hands in awe as he does so. And Fenix's realization that he has finally regained control of them brings him joy and peace.




Roberto Leoni, who had worked in the library of a psychiatric hospital where he was in contact with mental disorder, developed a story that told Claudio Argento because it was a time when they worked together. Argento appreciated the story and even added to it things he thought and together with Leoni they decided to present it to the director who seemed the most suitable to represent it that is Alejandro Jodorowsky. After his [cult film] The Holy Mountain of 1974, Jodorowsky was asked to direct a film version of the Frank Herbert’s epic 1965 science fiction novel Dune but the project had collapsed and except for the children’s fable Tusk of 1980 he seemed to have disappeared from the international scenes. But Claudio Argento found him and talked to his agent. Jodorowsky made an appointment in Paris, but he wanted to meet only Leoni because he wanted to meet who wrote the story. Leoni went in Paris and meet Jodorowsky, who wanted to know when exactly he wrote that story. Leoni remembered it was during a certain night and Jodorowsky was disappointed because that night he went to sleep early and the angel of stories passed over Paris to bring him a story, saw that he slept and continued to Rome, saw that Leoni were awake and gave him the story. But the story was his and Leoni was a thief! Then, Alejandro developed this story with his imagination and his art, also telling Leoni the story of Gregorio Cárdenas Hernández, which in some respects had similar characteristics, and together they wrote the script of Santa Sangre. [2]


'One of these patients, who worked with me because he knew 3 or 4 languages so he could help me sort the books, because the library had 50,000 volumes of all types and ages, one day started looking sideways and saying: "...shut up... shut up..." The third time I asked him what happened and he answered me calmly with his calm blue eyes: "No, nothing, I have a voice that tells me to kill you, but don't worry because I love you." I was a little uncomfortable, but he reassured me: "No, no, don't worry, I love you, I don't listen to it..." Continuing to stare at me with his blue eyes and I was, as far as I could be, calm. The library was very extensive because there were five very large rooms for the 50,000 volumes and it was me and him alone, isolated on a high floor of this immense palace. And I trusted. I trusted his blue eyes, I trusted him his sincere way of telling me "I love you".'

– Roberto Leoni[3]

Roberto Leoni told that an episode with one patient of the psychiatric hospital was probably the origin of Santa Sangre, because over time, he conceived “a story in which even the worst demon actually can't forget he is an angel.” In fact, Fenix the character Leoni wrote together with Jodorowsky is a serial killer, but “…every time he kills you feel sorry for him, that is you are sorry more for him than for the victim.” [3]


Santa Sangre did not receive a wide release in the U.S. since its original premiere, only screening at a few theaters familiar with Jodorowsky's previous work. On January 25, 2011, Severin Film gave the film a release on both DVD and Blu-ray with more than "five hours of exclusive extras".[4] A UK DVD from Anchor Bay was released in 2004.[5] On Halloween 2019, Morbido Fest, a Mexico City-based festival, holded a celebratory 30th anniversary screening of Santa Sangre, remastered in 4K by Severin Films - a scan of the original camera negative. [6] In Italy from November 25 to 27, 2019[7] Videa celebrates the 30th anniversary screening at a few theatres the 4K restored original version. [8]

Though a Mexican and Italian co-production, Santa Sangre is in English, with the dubbed audio and slightly off lip movements only adding to the film’s ensnaring eeriness and unsettling aura. [9]

The film was screened in the Un Certain Regard section at the 1989 Cannes Film Festival,[10] and generally was critically well received, eventually being ranked 476th on Empire magazine's 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time.[11] In the United States, it was originally rated NC-17 for "several scenes of extremely explicit violence". However, an edited version was released with an R rating for "bizarre, graphic violence and sensuality, and for drug content".


Santa Sangre has received predominantly positive reviews, with a reviewer from the British Film 4 describing it as "One of Jodorowsky’s finest films" which "resonates with all the disturbing power of a clammy nightmare filtered through the hallucinatory lens of 1960s psychedelia."[12] Roger Ebert gave the film a positive review, and said that he believed it carried the moral message of genuinely opposing evil, rather than celebrating it like most contemporary horror films. Ebert described it as "a horror film, one of the greatest, and after waiting patiently through countless Dead Teenager Movies, I am reminded by Alejandro Jodorowsky that true psychic horror is possible on the screen – horror, poetry, surrealism, psychological pain and wicked humor, all at once."[13] In recognition of its critical success, Santa Sangre ranks 476th on Empire magazine's 2008 list of the 500 greatest movies of all time.[11]

The film holds an 85% rating on review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes based on 41 reviews, with a weighted average of 7.39/10. The site's consensus states: "Those unfamiliar with Alejandro Jodorowsky's style may find it overwhelming, but Santa Sangre is a provocative psychedelic journey featuring the director's signature touches of violence, vulgarity, and an oddly personal moral center."[14]


  1. "SANTA SANGRE (18)". British Board of Film Classification. 29 September 1989. Retrieved 22 November 2012.
  2. "SANTA SANGRE - Roberto Leoni Movie Reviews [Eng sub]". 23 November 2019. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  3. Leoni, Roberto (24 November 2019). "When I wrote Santa Sangre…". IMDb. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  4. Santa Sangre [Blu-ray]. "Santa Sangre [Blu-ray]: Guy Stockwell, Blanca Guerra, Axel Jodorowsky, Alejandro Jodorowsky: Movies & TV". Retrieved 24 November 2012.
  5. "Santa Sangre [1990] [DVD]: Axel Jodorowsky, Blanca Guerra, Guy Stockwell, Thelma Tixou, Sabrina Dennison, Adan Jodorowsky, Faviola Elenka Tapia, Teo Jodorowsky, María de Jesús Aranzabal, Jesús Juárez, Sergio Bustamante, Gloria Contreras, Alejandro Jodorowsky, Angelo Iacono, Anuar Badin, Claudio Argento, René Cardona Jr., Roberto Leoni: Film & TV". Retrieved 24 November 2012.
  6. Jamie Lang (30 October 2019). "Mexico's Premier Horror Event Morbido Fest Readies Twelfth Edition". Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  7. Roberto Leoni (23 November 2019). "Santa Sangre 4K". Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  8. Videa. "Santa Sangre 4K". Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  9. Isa Bulnes-Shaw. "Frida After Dark: November 2019". Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  10. "Festival de Cannes: Santa Sangre". Retrieved 2 August 2009.
  11. "Empire's 500 Greatest Movies Of All Time". 5 December 2006. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
  12. "Santa Sangre". Film4. 5 January 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2012.
  13. "Santa Sangre (1989)". Chicago Sun-Times.
  14. "Santa Sangre (Holy Blood)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 29 June 2019.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.