Sangju Sangmu FC
Sangju Sangmu FC (Hangul: 상주 상무 프로축구단; Hanja: 尚州 尚武 프로蹴球團) is a professional football club that competes in the K League 1. The club is based in Sangju, South Korea. Sangmu (상무, 尙武) means martialism and is the sports division of the Military of South Korea. The club officially removed the word "Phoenix" in its name in 2013. Their mascot is the Bulsajo, which translates to "Phoenix" in English. The club's hometown moved from Gwangju to Sangju, Gyeongsangbuk-do after the city of Gwangju founded the new professional club Gwangju FC in 2011.
|Full name||Sangju Sangmu Football Club|
상주 상무 프로축구단
尚州 尚武 프로蹴球團
|Founded||1984 as Sangmu FC (Original)|
2011 as Sangju Sangmu Phoenix
|Ground||Sangju Civic Stadium|
|Owner||Sangju Government and Korea Armed Forces Athletic Corps|
|Chairman||Mayor of Sangju|
|League||K League 1|
|Korea Armed Forces |
Sangmu's playing staff is made up of young South Korean professional footballers serving their compulsory two-year military duty. Fifteen players join up at the start of every season and spend two years with the side before returning to their previous professional club. Sangmu are not allowed to sign any foreign players because of their military status.
Origin – Army FC, Navy FC, Air Force FC era (1950s–1983)
There were ROK Army FC, ROK Navy FC, and ROK Air Force FC until 1983 in South Korea. ROK Marine Corps FC became ROK Navy FC in 1973. The three military football clubs were consolidated into one football section of the Korea Armed Forces Athletic Corps in January 1984.
Founding and semi-professional Sangmu FC era (1984–2001)
Sangmu FC was founded on 11 January 1984, as the football side of Korea Armed Forces Athletic Corps. Although Sangmu squad was composed of professional players from K League clubs, Sangmu FC competed in the semi-professional league (now Korea National League). Sangmu joined the K League for the 1985 season, but spent only one year in the league before dropping out.
The reserve side, Sangmu B, competed in the K2 League from 2003 to 2005 before joining the K League reserve league. Sangmu B was based in Icheon and finished as the runners-up in the 2003 K2 League season.
Gwangju Sangmu era (2002–2010)
After establishing a home base in Gwangju, the team participated in the Reserve League. The club has rejoined the K League at the start of the 2003 season as Gwangju Sangmu Bulsajo. Between 2004 and 2010, the club has been known as Gwangju Sangmu FC.
Sangju Sangmu era (2011–present)
Once Gwangju FC was established, Gwangju Sangmu FC was relocated to Sangju, Gyeongsangbuk-do, as Korea Armed Forces Athletic Corps moved to Mungyeong, near Sangju. The club name was officially changed to Sangju Sangmu Phoenix FC in January 2011.
Before the 2013 season, the club officially removed the word "Phoenix" in its name. In the same season, Sangju Sangmu became the first champions of the newly established K League Challenge (second division) and promoted to the K League Classic.
Sangmu FC era (semi-professional, 1984–2001)
- Winners (9): 1984, 1991 Fall, 1992 Spring, 1994 Spring, 1996 Fall, 1997 Fall, 1998 Fall, 1999 Fall, 2002 Spring
- Runners-up (5): 1987 Fall, 1993 Spring, 1999 Spring, 2000 Spring, 2003
|1996||Semi-professional Era||Round of 16|
|1998||Round of 16|
|2000||Round of 16|
|2001||Round of 16|
|2002||R||11||3||Round of 16|
|2003||1||12||10||Round of 16|
|2005||1||13||13||Round of 16|
|2006||1||14||14||Round of 16|
|2007||1||14||14||Round of 16|
|2009||1||15||11||Round of 16|
|2011||1||16||14||Round of 16|
|2012||1||16||16||Round of 16|
|2013||2||8||1||Round of 16|
|2016||1||12||6||Round of 32|
|2018||1||12||10||Round of 32|
- Tms. = Number of teams
- Pos. = Position in league
- As of 25 September 2019
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
|Sangmu All-Time Records|
|Season||Teams||P||W||D||L||GF||GA||GD||Pts||Position||Korean FA Cup||League Cup||Top scorer |
|Gwangju Sangmu era|
|2003||12||44||13||7||24||41||60||−19||46||10th||Round of 16||None|
|2005||13||24||4||5||15||23||38||−15||17||13th||Round of 16||11th|
|2006||14||26||5||8||13||17||29||−12||23||14th||Round of 16||11th|
|2007||14||26||2||6||18||14||44||−30||12||14th||Round of 16||Group stage|
|2009||15||28||9||3||16||33||40||−7||30||11th||Round of 16||Group stage|
|Sangju Sangmu era|
|2011||16||30||7||8||15||36||53||−17||29||14th||Round of 16||Group stage|
|Gwangju Sangmu Reserves|
|Season||Stage||Teams||P||W||D||L||GF||GA||GD||Pts||Position||Top scorer |
|Sangju Sangmu Reserves|
|Season||Stage||Teams||P||W||D||L||GF||GA||GD||Pts||Position||League Cup||Top scorer |
|2004||First Stage||10||9||6||1||2||12||9||+3||19||3rd||Group stage|
- Official Club Profile at K League Website (in Korean)
- 군경기단체 국군체육부대로 통합 팀 명칭 상무, 마스코트는 불사조로 (in Korean). Dong-a Ilbo. 1984-01-11.
- 육,해,공 3군통합 스포츠팀 상무 창단 (in Korean). Maeil Business Newspaper. 1984-01-12.
- 프로축구 - 상무축구팀, 프로리그 진출
- 상주상무피닉스축구단 운영방침 및 사업계획 (in Korean). Sangju City Hall. 2011-01-10.
- ""경북 상주로" 상무, 연고지 변경해 내년 K리그 참가" (in Korean). The Daily Sports Seoul. 2010-12-10.
- "K리그 챌린지 초대 우승팀 상주 우승 트로피 수상" (in Korean). Sportal Korea. 2013-11-17.
- 강제강등에서 첫 승격까지, 역사가 된 상주상무 (in Korean). MK Sports. 2013-12-07.
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