Sandman (Marvel Comics)
Sandman (William Baker, a.k.a Flint Marko) is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. A shapeshifter endowed through an accident with the ability to turn himself into sand, he began as a villain and later became an ally of Spider-Man.
Art by Mark Bagley
|First appearance||The Amazing Spider-Man #4 (September 1963)|
|Created by||Stan Lee|
|Alter ego||William Baker|
|Place of origin||Queens, New York|
|Team affiliations||Sinister Six|
|Notable aliases||Flint Marko, Sylvester Mann, Quarryman|
|Abilities||Size and mass manipulation|
Superhuman strength, durability and endurance
Flight (in sandstorm form)
The character has been adapted into various other media incarnations of Spider-Man. In film, Thomas Haden Church portrays Sandman in Spider-Man 3. A creature based on "Sandman" appeared in the 2019 Marvel Cinematic Universe film Spider-Man: Far From Home, which was actually an illusion created by a series of drones operated by Mysterio.
In 2009, Sandman was ranked as IGN's 72nd Greatest Comic Book Villain of All Time.
The Sandman first appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #4 (Sept. 1963), created by writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko as an adversary of Spider-Man. The character returned in The Amazing Spider-Man #18 and #19, and was soon depicted in other comics, such as The Incredible Hulk and The Fantastic Four.
The Sandman served as the villain of the first issue of the Spider-Man spin-off series Marvel Team-Up (March 1972), which gave him a more morally ambiguous depiction. Writer Roy Thomas later commented, "I've been pleased to see Sandman's gradual redemption, whose seeds perhaps I helped plant in that story. He just seemed to me like a character who might have that in him ..." Subsequent stories stuck with the character's original depiction, but a decade later the more sympathetic portrayal of the Sandman returned, starting with Marvel Two-in-One #86 (April 1982), in which the Sandman is given co-star billing with his nemesis the Thing. The Sandman was later an ally of Spider-Man, as well as a reserve member of the Avengers and a member of Silver Sable's "Wild Pack" team of mercenaries.
Besides being most notable as a Spider-Man supervillain, he has also been depicted as a Fantastic Four antagonist in Stan Lee and Jack Kirby comic books (mostly due to being introduced as a founding member of the original Frightful Four) along with being on the heroic side (being an Avengers reserve member) until being introduced as a tragic supervillain in the Spider-Man comics once again.
Fictional character biography
William Baker was born in Queens, New York. When he was three years old, his father abandoned him and his mother. In these early years, she took her son to Coney Island beach. He lost himself happily in sand sculptures, a craft he would use in secondary school under the encouragement of his teacher (and first crush), Miss Flint.
In preparatory school, a boy named Vic bullied Baker until he learned to fight using an opponents' motions against themselves, a technique he performed as if he "slipped through their fingers like sand". Vic and his buddies eventually befriended Baker. In high school, William played on his school's football team, using the sport to channel his anger. While playing football he adopted the nickname "Flint", after his former teacher.
After Vic incurs a large gambling debt to a mobster, he begs Flint to fix a football game he bet on to pay off his debt. Flint does, but is kicked off the team after the coach discovers his involvement. The coach taunts Baker, telling him that he will accomplish nothing of importance in his life. Flint hits his ex-coach, resulting in his expulsion from school and the beginning of his life of crime.
His illegal activity increases in depth and scope, turning him into a violent, bitter man. Eventually he ends up in prison on Ryker's Island where he meets his father, Floyd Baker. He is friendly to his father but does not tell him who he is. He tells Floyd his nickname, Flint, and a false surname, Marko, inspired by his former coach's taunts about not "making a mark" on the world. He uses the alias Flint Marko from that point on (he changed his name also to prevent his mother from discovering he is a criminal). After Floyd is released from prison, Marko escapes.
Marko flees to a nuclear testing site on a beach near Savannah, Georgia where he comes into contact with sand that had been irradiated by an experimental reactor. His body and the radioactive sand bond, changing Marko's molecular structure into sand. Impressed, he calls himself the Sandman after his new powers.
Marko clashes with Peter Parker/Spider-Man for the first time in Peter's high school. Spider-Man defeats Marko with a vacuum cleaner and hands it over to the police. The Sandman escapes by getting through his window after turning himself to sand, but is recaptured by the Human Torch after the Torch lures the Sandman to a building by disguising himself as Spider-Man, then activating the sprinkler systems. After this Marko resurfaces as a member of the Sinister Six, led by Doctor Octopus. He battles Spider-Man inside an airtight metal box, which is activated when Spider-Man touches a card saying where the Vulture is, but the Sandman is defeated due to Spider-Man having stronger lungs than he does.
After Spider-Man defeats Flint numerous times, Flint diverts his attention to other superheroes. He teams with the Wizard, Paste Pot Pete (later known as the Trapster) and Medusa to form the Frightful Four to combat the Fantastic Four, which attacks during Reed and Sue's engagement party. The Fantastic Four, with the help of a few other superheroes, defeat the group. In another battle, in which he teams up with Blastaar and loses against the Four, he dons a diamond-patterned green costume designed by Wizard. Later, he and Hulk dueled for the first time. Mandarin joins him in his next conflict against the Hulk.
In time Sandman discovers—-starting with his hands—-that his body can transform into glass and back again. He contracts cancer and takes over a medical research center, battling the Hulk again. He battles Wonder Man but is cured of his cancer by radiation.
Afterward, he allies himself with Hydro-Man to battle their mutual enemy, Spider-Man. An accident merges the two villains into a monster called Mud-Thing. Spider-Man and the police are able to dehydrate the monstrosity. Months later, the supervillains manage to separate themselves and go their separate ways.
The time trapped with Hydro-Man caused Marko to question his bad life choices. The Thing, after an aborted attempt to fight Baker, urges him to straighten himself out and use his ability to do good. The story continues when he meets with the Thing for a second time to see a sports game.
Marko boards with the Cassadas and teams with Spider-Man against the Enforcers. Sandman then makes sporadic appearances in Spider-Man comics assisting his former enemy. His first appearance has him coming to the rescue of Spider-Man and Silver Sable, who are outnumbered and surrounded by the Sinister Syndicate. Silver Sable is impressed by Sandman's performance and recruits him as a freelance operative. Doctor Octopus coerces him to rejoin Sinister Six, but Marko turns against them. Doctor Octopus turns him into glass for his treason. Spider-Man, however, saved the Sandman. Sandman also appears as part of The Outlaws, a group of reformed Spider-Man enemies, such as Prowler, Rocket Racer, Puma and Will o' the Wisp, that on occasion that would aid Spider-Man.
Later he receives a presidential pardon and briefly joins the Avengers as a reserve member. Later, he becomes a full-time mercenary in the employ of Silver Sable, as a member of her Wild Pack, serving alongside heroes such as Paladin and Battlestar. Sandman is one of the few heroes temporarily overwhelmed by their evil doubles during the Infinity War. This double almost kills them all.
Marko turns against Spider-Man and his sometimes ally Thing and declares his allegiance to evil and his former employer, the Wizard. This change proved incompatible to what many fans had thought Sandman had become, a hero. This outcry caused Marvel to rush out a story which retconned The Amazing Spider-Man vol. 2 #4 in which the Wizard had kidnapped Sandman and used his mind control machine, the Id Machine, to turn him back into a villain.
The machine worked too well and Sandman went about reforming the Sinister Six to destroy both Spider-Man and Doctor Octopus, only to be double-crossed by Venom, who Sandman recruited as the sixth member of the team. During Venom's brawl against Sandman, the vicious black symbiote's mouth rips a chunk of sand from Sandman. That missing sand destabilizes Sandman, causing him to lose his ability to maintain his human form. Before falling into the sewer (and as a nod to fans who rejected Marvel's attempt to re-villainize the character), Sandman admitted that part of the reason for his fall from grace was the trouble he had to really cope with life on the good guys' side, and asks Spider-Man to tell his mother he was sorry he did not fulfill his promise to her, to be a force for good. Sandman washes away and slides down a sewer, from which he mixes into Jones Beach, New York and is thought dead.
Sandman's body and mind are scattered throughout the beach. This separation lasts too long for him, causing his mind to split into good and its opposite, evil, which when dominant created sand vortexes to ensnare beach combers. Spider-Man arrived to confront Sandman, ultimately using Sandman's mental instability to free his captives and cause him to explode.
His sand wafts throughout New York and touches down into piles forming beings that personify him: the good, the bad, the gentle and the innocent. Spider-Man locates these Sandmen to convince them to unify. Sandman's evil persona merges with his innocent and gentle personas, but Sandman's good persona rebuffs the evil one. Because Sandman's mind can handle his personality in separation for only a limited time, he loses his ability to retain himself, crumbling and blowing away, leaving Spider-Man to ponder the nature of his scuddled foe.
Sandman is one of the villains recruited to recover the Identity Disc, but during its recovery seemingly he is killed in a mutiny. At the series' end Sandman is found alive and working with Vulture to manipulate the other villains.
In the storyline "Sandblasted", in Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man #17–19 (April–June 2007), Sandman asks Spider-Man to help him redeem his father, who has been charged with and imprisoned for murdering a homeless man. He admits his father was a petty criminal but insists he would not commit murder. Baker also said the victim resembles Peter Parker's Uncle Ben, who had been murdered years before then. Sandman and Spider-Man find the killer, Chameleon 2211. Chameleon 2211 kills Uncle Ben who Hobgoblin 2211 brought from an alternate universe and had been posing as him after that. Thanks to Spider-Man, Floyd Baker is switched with Chameleon 2211 and saved, for which Sandman thanks Spider-Man.
Sandman returned in "Spider-Man: The Gauntlet" storyline, which redefined the character and his powers/mental state. While investigating a series of murders and a missing girl named Keemia Alvarado, whose mother is a victim of those murders, Spider-Man traces the murders and the abduction to the Sandman, the girl's father, who is hiding on Governor's Island with Keemia. Sandman's powers have evolved to where he can create duplicates of himself who have their own personalities and, to Baker's shock, claim they committed the murders. Spider-Man sneaks away and uses a fan to obliterate the Sandmen. Originally Spider-Man believed Keemia would be handed to her grandmother, but instead she was sent to a foster home by Child Protective Services. Carlie Cooper is exonerated upon being under police suspicion for tampering with the murder evidences, but Sandman is at large.
During the "Origin of the Species" storyline, Sandman is among the supervillains invited by Doctor Octopus to join his villains' team where he becomes involved in a plot to receive a reward and securing some specific items for him. Sandman went after Spider-Man for Menace's infant, believing that Doctor Octopus would reward him by reuniting him with Keemia. He ended up being accidentally struck with lightning by Electro, temporarily turning him into fulgurite. Spider-Man goes on a rampage against all the villains after the Chameleon stole the infant and tricked him into believing it had died. At the dock, Sandman along with Shocker and the Enforcers are hiding. However, Spider-Man collapses the floor of the building which falls into the water. Sandman attempts to rise to attack, but Spider-Man shoots him using Shocker's vibrational air-blasts.
In Big Time, he is part of the new Sinister Six along with Mysterio, Rhino, Doctor Octopus, Chameleon and Electro. He rises up against Doctor Octopus' plan to detonate New York, saying Keemia is still there. He is later angered when, during a confrontation between the Sinister Six and the Intelligencia, Doctor Octopus teleports the Wizard into the upper atmosphere using the Intelligencia's equipment. Sandman was talking with his former Frightful Four teammate and old friend at the time. When Mad Thinker goes after Electro, Sandman violently attacks him claiming that he did not want to lose any more friends.
When Doctor Octopus puts his plan into action, Sandman is satisfied with the job because of the planned two billion dollar "compensation fee", which he reasons will help him gain custody of Keemia. However, although sent to guard a facility in the Sahara Desert giving him complete control of the largest body of sand in the world, he is defeated by Spider-Man, Black Widow and Silver Sable when Spider-Man identifies and isolates the one grain of sand that contains his conscious mind. Spider-Man and Silver Sable then violently interrogate Sandman to reveal all of Doctor Octopus' secrets to them.
Following the "Dying Wish" storyline, Sandman's captive form is later stolen from the Baxter Building by the Superior Spider-Man (Doctor Octopus' mind in Peter Parker's body) where he takes him to his underwater lab. Sandman, Chameleon, Electro, Mysterion (an impersonator of Mysterio), and the Vulture are later seen as part of a team led by Superior Spider-Man called the "Superior Six". Superior Spider-Man has been temporarily controlling their minds in order to redeem them for their crimes. He does this by forcing them do heroic deeds against their will, some of which almost get some of them killed. Every time he is done controlling them, he puts them back in their containment cells. They eventually break free of Superior Spider-Man's control and attempt to exact revenge on the wall-crawler, while nearly destroying New York in order to do so. With the help of Sun Girl, Superior Spider-Man is barely able to stop the Superior Six.
Inspired by the heroism of the villains who had their moralities inverted by the events of "AXIS," Sandman rejoins one of his old gangs and breaks into Ryker's Island in search of the group's leader Dixon. Upon reaching Dixon's cell, Sandman turns on and incapacitates him and his followers. He then leaves with Dixon's cellmate, a "good egg" who Sandman had deemed deserving of a second chance.
Sandman later appears as a member of the Sinister Six led by Aaron Davis in a recolored Iron Spider armor. He accompanied the Sinister Six in a plot to steal a decommissioned S.H.I.E.L.D. Helicarrier.
Sandman later discovered that he is starting to lose the consistency of his body. When Mad Thinker and Wizard are unable to find a solution to counter this and Sandman is hospitalized after collapsing, he is visited by Spider-Man who took him to the beach that Sandman visited in his childhood and stayed with him until his body broke down. After that happened, Spider-Man discovered that Sandman did not die and that he lost the ability to assume a human shape where he now sports a blob-shaped body. When Sandman's body is taken over by a future version of Sandman from Earth-51838 where the sun went out, Spider-Man received some of Sandman's powers and used them to defeat Sandman of Earth-51838 and sends him back to his reality using the Multisect and assistance from Human Torch. After bidding farewell to Spider-Man, Sandman left to get adjusted to his new form while having developed a fear of his newly-discovered immortality.
Powers and abilities
Sandman has the ability to transform his body. He can will his body hardened, compacted, dispersed or shaped, or a combination of those qualities, an Earth manipulation of sand and rock particles. More often than not in combat, this ability enables him to absorb most blows with little to no ill effect other than reforming himself, a relatively fast action. His striped shirt and cargo pants are colored sand to make him appear as if he wears clothes. Even when soaked, he was able to stretch his sand molecules, growing to double his size.
Sandman can mold his arms and hands into shapes such as a mace or a sledgehammer to battle Spider-Man and his other enemies. His mass, strength and shape shifting ability correspond to the number of sand and rock particles that comprise him. The more he incorporates (nearby) sand grains and rock granules into his body, the more those qualities are enhanced. Even though he controls every particle in his body, his mind exists in the astral plane. He can turn himself into a sandstorm, which enables him to fly great distances and to suffocate his enemies.
His body takes on sand's chemical qualities, impervious to many, but not all, elements. Once, cement's ingredients were mixed into Sandman. That mixture turned him into cement that dried, rendering him immobile. Despite this frailty he remained alive, but in a comalike state for a while before he returned to normal. In addition to his superb endurance, the Sandman possesses superhuman strength several times more than Spider-Man's and on par with the Thing's.
In a story with the Wizard, the Wizard fashioned Sandman a green suit with a belt that contained three buttons that allowed various chemicals to mix into the Sandman's body to enable him to change himself into consistencies related to sand. The suit, like Sandman's usual "clothes", changed into sand with him. Eventually, with the disbanding of the original Frightful Four, Sandman stopped using the suit.
Temperature does alter the Sandman. At 3,400 degrees Fahrenheit his body turns into glass, also a form he can control. Unlike Sandman's fast transformation from sand to glass, his transformation from glass to sand takes time.
Although he is invulnerable to most physical attacks, even projectiles because they pass through him, water is a different story. There are some exceptions, for example while fighting Venom, the villain's powerful mouth ripped cleanly and swiftly into Sandman. The amount of sand removed abruptly, and perhaps because of Venom's poisons, left the mass of Sandman in contortion, crippled beyond immediate repair. Sandman began to disintegrate, then flowed down a drain, and then washed up onto and into a beach.
It has been revealed that, while Sandman can absorb and lose sand, his body must retain one key particle of sand that contains his conscious mind, allowing Spider-Man to defeat him by isolating that one grain from the rest of the Sandman (although the difficulty involved in setting up these events in the first place makes it impractical to use regularly).
This page lists the known relatives of Sandman:
Other characters named Sandman
There had been some other characters in Marvel Comics that had been named "Sandman":
- In Marvel Mystery Comics, the Sandman that appears is the Sandman of legend. He lives in the Land of Dreams which is located in the Realm of Fairies within the potentially imaginary world of Nowhere. Sandman ruled over the realm and would place a blanket over it every day. Those who grabbed a dream from the dream tree would have a dream based on whatever they grabbed from the tree and awaken again when the Sandman removed the blanket over his land. Anyone who didn't grab a dream will end up in an eternal dreamless sleep.
- In Journey into Mystery, an alien Sandman crash-landed on Earth where he ended up in Mexico. The local tribespeople thought it was an evil spirit. They took him while he was still weak from his crash and sealed him in a cave with no air and light where he remained in a state of suspended animation. By the early 1960s, a vacationing Marine named Steve Bronson and his family accidentally unleashed the alien Sandman on the world. The alien Sandman regained its consciousness and recounted its past to the Bronson family and planned to conquer the Earth. Steve Bronson tried to oppose the alien Sandman, but it proved invulnerable to physical assault. The alien Sandman ordered the Bronsons to transport him to North America, so he could observe the most powerful nation on the planet before putting his plan into action. Steve Bronson was able to alert the military to the alien Sandman's presence, but they also proved ineffective in dealing with the extraterrestrial threat. Bullets went right through him, gas was ineffectual because he does not breathe and while bombs would scatter his pieces, he proved capable of reforming himself afterwards. The alien Sandman planned to increase its size by absorbing every sand on the beaches until nothing can stop him. Steve Bronson's son Bobby heard about the plan and headed to the beach with a plan of his own. Bobby threw a pile of water over the sand which made the alien Sandman soggy to the point where he couldn't move. The military quickly transported the alien Sandman's body to a top-secret underground facility where he has remained ever since.
- There was an android called Sandman who was created by Puppet Master and Mad Thinker to fight the Fantastic Four.
Marvel 1602: Fantastick Four, a sequel to Neil Gaiman's Marvel 1602 written by Peter David, features the 1602 version of the Marvel Sandman. While he physically resembles Flint Marko, he has the pale skin and glowing eyes of Gaiman's Morpheus. He also alludes to an ability to summon nightmares. In the fourth issue he is able to send Ben Grimm to sleep by blowing a vapor or dust at him. Both the Sandman and Trapster are crushed by falling debris when Bensaylum collapses.
Amazing Spider-Man: Renew Your Vows
During the "Secret Wars" storyline in the pages of Amazing Spider-Man: Renew Your Vows, a version of Sandman lives in the Battleworld domain of the Regency. Sandman allied himself with the rebel forces at S.H.I.E.L.D. following Regent conquering the world where part of it became the Battleworld domain of The Regency. When Spider-Man exposes himself and is attacked by the Sinister Six, Sandman appears and tries to convince Spider-Man to follow him, but Spider-Man doesn't listen and assume Sandman's part of the Six. They are captured by Regent and he reads Sandman's mind to find out S.H.I.E.L.D's location. One of Spot's portals was sewn into Sandman, and as a last resort, he sacrifices himself to allow the rebels to break in using the portal in order to stop Regent and rescue Spider-Man.
House of M: Masters of Evil
In the Marvel Noir universe, Sandman exists, and exhibits slightly different powers to the mainstream Universe. Whilst he cannot externally change into sand, he can alter his internal physiology, and, as Spider-Man noted, his skin can feel like granite. He is an enforcer for the Crime Master.
In Marvel Zombies: Dead Days, the Sandman, having become a zombie, appears to attack Wolverine and Magneto alongside several other Spider-Man villains during an attempt to evacuate innocent civilians into a S.H.I.E.L.D. Helicarrier. The six villains are repelled. It is shown in Marvel Zombies Return #1 that the Zombie Spider-Man is responsible for infecting this universe's Flint Marko.
Marvel Zombies Return
A version of Sandman similar to a past version of 616 counterpart appears as part of a version of the Sinister Six. After Zombie Spider-Man teleports into this reality, the Kingpin sends the six to fight "Spider-Man". The other five members are violently killed by the zombie Spider-Man and Sandman flees, later encountering and killing his own reality's Spider-Man out of fear by forcing his own sand body mass down Spider-Man's throat and causing his stomach to bloat to massive proportions before violently exploding out of his chest. He is also disappointed by the seeming betrayal of his enemy, thinking that if Spider-Man is now willing to kill, then Sandman will also kill. Decades later, Sandman is infused with a nanite cure developed by Tony Stark and the Zombie Spider-Man that incorporates Wolverine's healing factor, which allows him to safely confront the Zombies. Working with a few allies that oppose the murderous zombies, the Sandman springs his trap. All zombies fall, destroyed from within. Upon his final death, Zombie Spider-Man thanks Sandman for avenging Aunt May and Mary Jane, to which Sandman replies, "Good riddance, ya disgusting freak." He is later congratulated by Uatu the Watcher for his great help.
Sandman makes a cameo in Mini-Marvels when he attacks Spider-Man and the Team Poder while they were playing in a sandbox. He is defeated and turned into a sand castle.
In Peter Porker, the Spectacular Spider-Ham #12 Sandman appears as a manatee called Sandmanatee. He later joined the Sinister Swine and was turned to glass.
In Spider-Man: Reign Sandman is a part of an elderly Sinister Six which is under the control of the tyrannical power structure running New York. During the showdown between rebellious citizens at the Mayor's tower, the Sandman encounters his super-powered daughter, Susie but loses her due to wounds inflicted by the police. As such he abandons the Six and assists Spider-Man in defeating the tyrants.
In the Ultimate Marvel Universe, Flint Marko is a genetic mutation by industrialist Justin Hammer who attempts to recreate the Super Soldier Serum. Shortly after Doctor Octopus kills Hammer, S.H.I.E.L.D. infiltrates Hammer's factory to obtain experiments Hammer had been working on. Marko uses this opportunity to escape and wreak havoc in New Jersey. S.H.I.E.L.D., with the help of Spider-Man, contains him and imprisons him in a S.H.I.E.L.D holding facility.
There, he meets fellow genetically altered criminals Norman Osborn (Green Goblin), Dr. Otto Octavius (Doctor Octopus), Max Dillon (Electro) and Kraven the Hunter. Under the Green Goblin's and Doctor Octopus's leadership, they break free and capture Spider-Man. They tie him to a chair, unmask, and humiliate Peter for being a child and for Norman Osborn and Otto Octavius's involvement in his creation. Osborn then blackmails Peter into joining the team, forming the Ultimate Six. Marko participates with the group in an attack on the White House. However, Iron Man stops them. After the battle, S.H.I.E.L.D. seals Marko in various jars and keeps them frozen.
Artist Mark Bagley, who drew the first 100+ issues of Ultimate Spider-Man, noted in his rough designs for Ultimate Sandman that he would appear "Naked" most of the time. As he wanted to go with the more 'realistic' feel of the Ultimate imprint, he doubted whether Flint Marko's clothing had unstable molecules like his body.
Alongside the rest of the Ultimate Six, Sandman plays a role in the "Death of Spider-Man" storyline. Norman Osborn breaks him and the rest out of the Triskelion, and after their escape, informs them that God wishes for them to kill Peter Parker. When Electro is shot by Aunt May, an electric surge knocks out Kraven, Sandman, and Vulture.
In other media
- Sandman appears in Spider-Man, voiced by Tom Harvey. In the episode "The Sands of Crime", he steals the Goliath Diamond and orders a $1 million ransom, and since Spider-Man gets framed for the robbery for being seen at the museum, Spider-Man must defeat Sandman to clear his own name. Spider-Man finally defeats Sandman by dousing him with water at a quarry.
- Sandman appears in Fantastic Four. This version is shown in the costume that was designed by The Wizard. In the episode "The Frightful Four", he appears as part of the titular Frightful Four.
- Sandman appears in Spider-Man, voiced by Neil Ross. In the episode "The Coming of the Sandman", he steals the recently obtained soil samples from Mars to increase his power. Spider-Man manages to defeat Sandman with cement and extract the soil samples from Sandman's petrified body.
- Sandman appears in Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends, voiced by Christopher Collins. As seen in the episode "Spider-Man: Unmasked!", the Sandman, having recently escaped from prison, secretly discovers that Peter Parker and Spider-Man are the same person, and—upon confronting Parker—threatens to reveal the web-slinger's true identity to Aunt May and the Daily Bugle, hoping to intimidate Spider-Man into not interfering with a planned large-scale robbery at a fundraising dinner. In the end, Parker, Iceman, Firestar—and some unwitting help from Flash Thompson—are able to foil Sandman's plans by using cement on him.
- Sandman was the only major Spider-Man villain not to appear in Spider-Man, because the series did not want to interfere with the continuity of James Cameron's proposed Spider-Man movie, in which the Sandman and Electro were supposed to be the villains. Although Electro was belatedly introduced into the series when Cameron's film fell through, Sandman remained unseen (although Hydro-Man fulfilled many similar roles, and it has been stated that Hydro-Man was indeed essentially used as a replacement for Sandman). Also because of Cameron's film, Sandman did not appear in the 1990s Fantastic Four cartoon, most notably the episodes featuring the Frightful Four.
- Sandman appears in The Spectacular Spider-Man, voiced by John DiMaggio. First appearing in "Survival of the Fittest", Flint Marko is a petty crook working for the Big Man and consistently is caught with his cohort Alex O'Hirn by Spider-Man. In the episode "Competition", he is used as a guinea pig in Oscorp's underground experiments (for Big Man) meant to give Marko a super silicon armor, but the experiment goes awry and results in his Sandman transformation. Soon afterward Flint is offered revenge against Spider-Man. He refuses, saying revenge was for chumps and he only wants a 'big score'. He severs his alliance with Hammerhead and becomes an independent criminal known as the Sandman. With Hammerhead living up to his own bargain of inadvertently draw Spider-Man's attention, Spider-Man attacks Sandman when he robs a bank, but he defeats the hero and escapes into a drain whose grill, however, obstructs him from taking his loot, forcing him to leave it behind. Spider-Man captures him in their next fight despite that Sandman appears to have the upper hand, when Spider-Man drops a large pile of wet Quick Drying Cement, which hardens and encases him before he has the chance to escape. In the episode "Group Therapy", Sandman is seen with the Sinister Six alongside Doctor Octopus, the Rhino, the Shocker, the Vulture and Electro, busting out of jail and rampaging throughout New York before being defeated by Spider-Man (possessed by the black suit). In the episode "Reinforcement", Sandman joins the new Sinister Six, consisting of Electro, Kraven the Hunter, Rhino, Mysterio and Vulture at Christmas Eve, but is again defeated by Spider-Man this time by being first convert to mud then being frozen. In the episode "First Steps", Sandman becomes more powerful during his time in prison he learned he could absorb extra sand into his body absorbing the combined sand from a beach and the bottom of the harbor becoming a massive giant, and helps Hammerhead take down an oil tanker to make the 'big score' he always dreamed of. But when the ship is about to explode, Sandman helps Spider-Man rescues the crew and as a giant, wraps himself around the exploding ship to protect civilians being crystallized in the explosion. Spider-Man believes he died, only for Sandman to appear alive after Spider-Man leaves.
- Sandman appears in Ultimate Spider-Man, voiced by Dee Bradley Baker. In season one's "Snow Day", Spider-Man and the S.H.I.E.L.D. Trainees encounter Flint Marko on an island that Nova finds to use as a vacation spot. He first appears to the team in the form of the young boy Sandy (voiced by Tara Strong) wanting to play with Spider-Man's team. Spider-Man's team finds Sandy's "brother" who claims that Sandy always playing in the ruins (which suddenly forms). When Spider-Man's team goes on a tactical retreat, Sandy turns into sand and moves their Quinjet to the top of the ruins daring them to come get it. Spider-Man's team end up attacked by Sandy and Flint who then forms a sand labyrinth for them to maneuver around. Power Man finds hieroglyphics where it said that Sandman escaped from prison and was caught in an explosion that gave him his powers. The hieroglyphics state that Nick Fury dropped Sandman on the island. Flint and Sandy combine into one which Spider-Man's team fights. Spider-Man fights Sandman while the others try to get to the Quinjet. Nova lifts the Quinjet as Spider-Man's team flies away until they are intercepted by S.H.I.E.L.D. agents; Fury reveals at this point that S.H.I.E.L.D. dropped Sandman on an island because no prison could successfully contain him. It is then shown that Sandman had stowed away in Spider-Man's outfit as he forms in the Quinjet and freezes the controls. Upon landing in the frozen Hudson River, Spider-Man's team had to stop Sandman before he reaches land. Iron Fist cracks the ice and Spider-Man tells Nova to heat Sandman's body enough to turn him to glass. Sandman was then placed in a special containment unit (which resembles an hourglass that is always moving) that would keep him from reassembling. Spider-Man notes that Sandman's isolation on the island likely affected his sanity, which Fury referring the situation to the equivalent of 'sweeping [Sandman] under the rug'. In season two's "Sandman Returns", Sandman is accidentally freed by Awesome Android and ends up stopping Awesome Android and putting out the fire Awesome Android caused. Sandman stated to Spider-Man that he just wanted to help. Fury mentioned that S.H.I.E.L.D. has been working to rehabilitate Sandman and hoping to make him a hero. Spider-Man has Fury let Sandman be trained to be a hero. Sandman is outfitted into a special containment suit (which resembles the suit that the Wizard made for him in the comics) that limits his power by Walter Cage and Amanda Cage. As S.H.I.E.L.D. observe Sandman's program, Spider-Man takes Sandman to battle Swarm where Sandman's containment suit is targeted by Swarm. Spider-Man is forced to get the containment suit off of Sandman, pummeling Swarm into submission. Sandman is brought into control and apologizes for his actions. With advice from Iron Fist, Spider-Man trains Sandman (equipped with a replacement containment suit) into being a man first and Sandman second. When Batroc the Leaper is in the middle of a robbery, Sandman springs into action, attacking Batroc. When Batroc throws a garbage at Sandman, he ends up attacking Batroc as J. Jonah Jameson makes a bad comment towards Sandman. Sandman loses control of his emotions and breaks out of his suit, attacking Spider-Man with a sandstorm attack. Fury sends the rest of Spider-Man's team to help Spider-Man stop Sandman. Spider-Man denies Nova's plan to turn Sandman into glass again as Spider-Man has a different plan. Spider-Man then tries to reason with Sandman until Nova arrives and Spider-Man throws Awesome Android into Sandman's mouth where Awesome Android absorbs Sandman. When S.H.I.E.L.D. agents arrive with a new containment suit, Sandman is shot into the containment suit and taken into S.H.I.E.L.D. custody. He can be seen in Ultimate Spider-Man: Web Warriors. In the finale "Contest of Champions" [Part 2], the Grandmaster uses Sandman's monstrous form against Spider-Man in a game of 'Capture the Flag'. Spider-Man tries to reason with Sandman that he's not a villain to which Sandman stated that S.H.I.E.L.D. has always keeping him locked up. The Collector places Captain America, Red Hulk and Iron Fist into the game. With an idea from Spider-Man, Red Hulk was able to heat himself up enough to turn Sandman into glass, removing him from the game. Sandman has occasional appearances in Ultimate Spider-Man vs The Sinister Six. In the episode "Beached", Sandman is captured and cloned from his sand samples by Doctor Octopus in order to find the 'Ultimate Sandman' via remote control that would join the HYDRA-backed Sinister Six. A pursuit of the Vulture takes Spider-Man and Iron Spider to a nearby island the two young heroes fight off the splinter Sandmen. Iron Spider stumbling onto Doc Ock's lab results in being imprisoned by Doc Ock as one of Sandman's clones wears the Iron Spider armor to fight Spider-Man. As Amadeus Cho and Sandman work to get free, Spider-Man fights Doc Ock, some Octobots, and the Sandman clones. Upon Spider-Man and Amadeus using an electronical disruption to deactivate Doc Ock's remote, the Sandman Clones are rendered inert as Sandman reabsorbs them. After Doc Ock gets away, Spider-Man and Iron Spider allow Sandman to assume his sand form in an area near the Triskelion, telling him that he will be given a chance to join the S.H.I.E.L.D. Academy whenever he is ready. In the episode "The New Sinister 6" [Part 2], Spider-Man asks Sandman to fight Hydro-Man while the web-slinger goes after Doc Ock. Both Sandman and Hydro-Man were easily matched. After Octopus Island's destruction, Sandman caught the escape pod that Spider-Man and Aunt May were in and then proceeded to defeat Hydro-Man. In the episode "Agent Web", Sandman was seen at the Triskelion taking part in the beach activities with the S.H.I.E.L.D. Academy cadets.
- Sandman appears in Spider-Man, voiced by Travis Willingham. This version is a former minion of Hammerhead and has a daughter named Keemia. After he had failed Hammerhead for the last time, Flint Marko was buried in a combination of sand and toxic waste. While Hammerhead thought he was dead, Flint actually survived and was mutated to have a sand-like body. During his rampage on Coney Island, Sandman ran afoul of Spider-Man and was hit with water from a dunk tank by Flash Thompson. Peter Parker gained its sample and studied it to find why it was sentient while using static electricity on it. When Sandman attacked the house, Spider-Man fought Sandman until he released the sand sample upon getting far from Aunt May's house. Upon hearing Sandman's origin upon getting control of his abilities, they head to Hammerhead's mansion to find Keemia only to find that she was mutated from the same accident and had better control of her abilities. Upon Keemia defeating Sandman, the V-252 on Spider-Man acted up and formed a black suit on him where he fought her and Hammerhead's minions. While Keemia disappeared into the night, Spider-Man webbed up Hammerhead and his minions and left them for the police while Sandman's fate is unknown.
- Flint Marko / Sandman appears in Spider-Man 3, portrayed by Thomas Haden Church. In the film, Sandman's origins are similar to the comics except for his connection to Spider-Man's origin. Prior to the film, Flint revealed to be the killer of Ben Parker (Cliff Robertson) in the first film and the carjacker Dennis Carradine (whom Peter confronted two years earlier) was Marko's accomplice. In the prologue, he escapes and hides from the police where he runs to his house, to see his dying critically ill daughter, Penny, and his upset wife, Emma. After an argument, Flint promises Penny that he'll make her better, as he's not a bad prison, but just having bad luck. While on the run from the police, he accidentally falls into an experimental particle accelerator that molecularly binds him with sand, giving him shapeshifting sand abilities and transforming him into the Sandman. Sandman is later spotted by police officers walking down the streets of Manhattan, as he gets on top of a dump truck filled with huge amounts of sand. Later, he is pursued, but easily outsmarted Spider-Man before fleeing. At the police station, police captain George Stacy (James Cromwell) informs Peter and Aunt May (Rosemary Harris) that evidence Marko is Ben's killer instead of the carjacker, who was Marko's accomplice. A vengeful Spider-Man, wearing the black suit that would eventually become Venom, attacked and seemingly killed Marko with water as his weakness. However, unbeknownst to Peter, Sandman survived and returns from the sewers to mud. Later, he encounters Spider-Man again, but mistaken to be Eddie Brock as Venom (who became Venom after Spider-Man rejects the black suit), as the duo joined forces to kill Spider-Man. He forms into a giant sand monster in the construction site's sand, but is defeated by Harry Osborn/Green Goblin. After Venom's slain by Spider-Man and his secret identity, he talks with Peter about revealing the truth about Uncle Ben's death. Flint only wanted the car from Ben, who complied and calmly talked to Flint about why he was doing what he was. Flint began to reconsider his choices, when Carradine arrived and startled Flint, causing him to accidentally fire his gun, killing Ben. Flint was shocked and regretful for the accident, and remained behind while Carradine drove away in Ben's car before getting in a run with the police. Flint stated this because he wanted Peter to understand and that his love for his daughter Penny is the only thing he has left for himself. Understanding the importance of forgiveness over vengeance, Peter forgives Flint, who turns into sand and peacefully blows away.
- A member of the Elementals inspired by Sandman appeared in Spider-Man: Far From Home, set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe. It was identified as an Earth Elemental, where it had power over rocks and sand. The Earth Elemental appeared in Mexico, where it encountered Talos and Soren in the forms of Nick Fury and Maria Hill. Mysterio then arrived and defeated the Earth Elemental offscreen. It was later revealed that the Earth Elemental and the other Elementals were actually illusions created by Mysterio and his fellow ex-Stark Industries employees, as part of his plot to obtain Stark technology.
- Sandman appears in Questprobe featuring Spider-Man.
- Sandman is a boss character in the game The Amazing Spider-Man vs. The Kingpin. He rises from a sandbox and must be dissipated by striking him with water.
- Sandman is the second boss in Spider-Man: Return of the Sinister Six for the NES.
- Sandman appeared as a boss in Spider-Man 2: The Sinister Six.
- Sandman appears in Spider-Man 2: Enter Electro, voiced by Daran Norris. He is one of the villains working for Electro and aids his plans by attacking Spider-Man while he is chasing after the Beetle's train at Hammerhead's trainyard, but Spider-Man manages to defeat him using water and then boards the train just in time. Later, after Spider-Man learns of Electro's true plans, Sandman attacks him again and the two battle at a construction site, where Spider-Man defeats Sandman for good by using the industrial hoses on him to disrupt his integrity, and then washes him down a sewer grate.
- In the Ultimate Spider-Man video game, the Beetle steals a vial containing Sandman, but the ramifications have yet to be seen. Concept art for the special edition of the game shows Beetle giving the vial to Doctor Doom.
- Sandman appears in the Spider-Man 3 video game, with Thomas Haden Church reprising his role from the film. Similar to the film, Flint Marko is an escaped convict looking to provide for his family, especially his daughter Penny, who is transformed into Sandman after accidentally falling into a cockpit full of sand while running from the police, where scientists are doing experiments on sand, one of which fuses Marko with the sand, giving him superpowers; however, Marko is never mentioned in the game as Uncle Ben's killer. Sandman is first seen after robbing a bank, immediately after Spider-Man gets his symbiote black suit. Spider-Man decides to try out his new suit on Sandman and follows him to the subway, where the two have a battle, before the symbiote overhelms Spider-Man and he violently bursts open a pipe that washes Sandman away (in a similar fashion to the film). However, Sandman survives and Venom later blackmails him into helping him kill Spider-Man, otherwise he would kill Penny. The final battle is also quite similar to the film, with Sandman and Venom kidnapping Mary Jane Watson to lure Spider-Man to a construction side, where he gains help in fighting the two villains from New Goblin. While Spider-Man fights Venom, New Goblin defeats the gigantic Sandman, but he survives once again and is seen for the final time after the battle is over. Sandman is reunited with Penny, who has been rescued by the police, and thanks and apologizes to Spider-Man, before peacefully leaving with his daughter.
- Sandman appears as a playable character in Spider-Man: Friend or Foe, voiced by Fred Tatasciore. His design is based on his appearance in the Spider-Man 3 film. In the opening scene, he is shown fighting Spider-Man and New Goblin alongside the other villains from the Spider-Man film trilogy, before they all get attacked by a hologram-symbiote combination of foot soldiers called P.H.A.N.T.O.M.s, controlled by an unknown supervillain (later revealed to be Mysterio). New Goblin and the villains then disappear, with the villains being place under mind-control by Mysterio and dispatched to guard the meteor shards which he used to create the P.H.A.N.T.O.M.s in various locations around the globe. Sandman is sent to Cairo, where he causes a massive sandstorm, before the player finally confronts him at a construction side. After being defeated and freed from the mind control, Sandman joins Spider-Man for the rest of his quest and becomes a playable character.
- Sandman appears as a boss in the game Spider-Man: The Battle Within. He is the second boss fought in the game, and also one of the two bosses fought while wearing the black suit.
- Sandman appears in the PlayStation 2 and PSP versions of Spider-Man: Web of Shadows. He in as an assist character who will take out enemies with his sand attacks. In the main console and Microsoft Windows versions of the game, Sandman and the Spider-Man film trilogy are mentioned during the first fight with the glider-bound enemies when Spider-Man states, "That whole Goblin thing is so six years ago. The kids are into Sandman, and Venom, get it?"
- Sandman appears as a boss for the second amazing segment in Spider-Man: Shattered Dimensions. He is voiced by Dimitri Diatchenko. In the game, Sandman obtains a fragment of the Tablet of Order and Chaos, and augments his powers to the point where he can control any sand simply by looking at it. Spider-Man fights him in an abandoned sand quarry owned by Roxxon Industries. He has the power to create Sand Golems, form weapons out of sand, and create destructive sandstorms. Ultimately, he spreads his mind so far and so thin that it begins to fracture and his only weakness is water, which solidifies him and his Sand Golems long enough to attack him for a short time. Spider-Man manages to defeat Sandman and claim the tablet fragment. During the credits, Sandman is shown trapped in an hourglass as Spider-Man swings by in the distance.
- Sandman is featured as a boss in the Facebook game Marvel: Avengers Alliance. He has subsequently been released as an unlockable character.
- Sandman appears both as a boss and a playable character in Lego Marvel Super Heroes, voiced by Dee Bradley Baker.
- Different versions of Sandman appear in Spider-Man Unlimited, voiced by Travis Willingham.
- Sandman is a playable character and a villain in Marvel: Future Fight.
- Sandman is a playable character in the match-three mobile and PC game Marvel Puzzle Quest. He was added to the game in June 2017.
- Sandman appears as a playable character in Lego Marvel Super Heroes 2.
- Sandman appears as a boss in Marvel Ultimate Alliance 3: The Black Order, voiced by Richard Epcar. He is a member of the Sinister Six and attacks Spider-Man and the Guardians of the Galaxy in his gigantic form during the Raft prison break. He is ultimately defeated after the heroes use several water cannons to turn him into dry sand, leaving him completely immobilized.
- Sandman is number 72 Archived December 31, 2013, at the Wayback Machine IGN. Retrieved 10–05–09.
- Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 20. ISBN 978-0756692360.
In this installment, Stan Lee and Steve Ditko introduced Sandman – a super villain who could turn his entire body into sand with a single thought.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 20. ISBN 978-0756692360.
In this installment, Stan Lee and Steve Ditko introduced Sandman - a super villain who could turn his entire body into sand with a single thought.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Lee, Stan (w), Ditko, Steve (p), Ditko, Steve (i). "Nothing Can Stop...The Sandman!" The Amazing Spider-Man 4 (September 1963)
- Miller, Jonathan (October 2010). "Spider-Man and Company: The Wide World of Marvel Team-Up". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (44): 36.
- Lee, Stan (w), Kirby, Jack (p), Stone, Chic (i). "The Attack of the Evil Frightful Four" Fantastic Four #36 (March 1965)
- Marc Steven Sumerak (w), Eric Eng Wong (p), John G. Roshell (i). "An A-Z Compendium of Earth's Mightiest Heroes" Avengers Casebook 1999 #1 (February 2000), Marvel Comics
- Cronin, Brian. "50 Greatest Friends and Foes of Spider-Man: Villains #10–7". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
- David, Peter; Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man Annual #1 (July 2007). Marvel Comics.
- DeFalco, Tom; Marvel Two-In-One #86 (April 1982). Marvel Comics.
- The Amazing Spider-Man #4. Marvel Comics.
- The Amazing Spider-Man Annual #1. Marvel Comics.
- The Amazing Spider-Man #18–19. Marvel Comics.
- Fantastic Four #36. Marvel Comics.
- Fantastic Four #62–63. Marvel Comics.
- Incredible Hulk vol. 2 #113. Marvel Comics.
- Incredible Hulk vol. 2 #114. Marvel Comics.
- Incredible Hulk vol. 2 #138. Marvel Comics.
- Wonder Man #1. Marvel Comics.
- The Amazing Spider-Man #217–218. Marvel Comics.
- Marvel Two-in-One #86. Marvel Comics.
- The Amazing Spider-Man Annual #24 (back story) 1990, page 44. Marvel Comics.
- Marvel Team-Up #138. Marvel Comics.
- The Amazing Spider-Man #280–281. Marvel Comics.
- The Amazing Spider-Man #334, 338–339. Marvel Comics.
- Spectacular Spider-Man #169. Marvel Comics.
- Avengers #329. Marvel Comics.
- Amazing Spider-Man Vol. 2 #4. Marvel Comics.
- Peter Parker: Spider-Man Vol. 2 #12. Marvel Comics.
- Peter Parker: Spider-Man #22
- Peter Parker: Spider-Man #56–57. Marvel Comics.
- Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man #8
- The Amazing Spider-Man #615. Marvel Comics.
- The Amazing Spider-Man #616. Marvel Comics.
- The Amazing Spider-Man #643. Marvel Comics.
- The Amazing Spider-Man #645. Marvel Comics.
- The Amazing Spider-Man #648. Marvel Comics.
- The Amazing Spider-Man #667. Marvel Comics.
- The Amazing Spider-Man #684
- The Amazing Spider-Man #685. Marvel Comics.
- Avenging Spider-Man #17. Marvel Comics.
- Superior Spider-Man Team-Up #5. Marvel Comics.
- Superior Spider-Man Team-Up #6. Marvel Comics.
- Superior Spider-Man Team-Up #7. Marvel Comics.
- Frank Barbiere (w), Victor Santos (p), Victor Santos (i), Lauren Affe (col), VC's Travis Lanham (let), Jake Thomas and Daniel Ketchum (ed). "AXIS: Revolutions" Castles in the Sand #3 (December 3, 2014), United States: Marvel Comics
- Secret Wars #1. Marvel Comics.
- Spider-Man #234. Marvel Comics.
- Infinity Wars #1. Marvel Comics.
- Peter Parker, the Spectacular Spider-Man #308-309. Marvel Comics.
- Nova #11–12. Marvel Comics.
- Larsen, Erik; Spider-Man #18–23 (Jan.-June 1992). Marvel Comics.
- Peter Parker: Spider-Man vol. 2 #22 (Oct. 2000). Marvel Comics.
- Friendly Neighborhood Spider-Man #19. Marvel Comics.
- Marvel Team-Up #1. Marvel Comics.
- Marvel Mystery Comics #41. Marvel Comics.
- Journey into Mystery #70. Marvel Comics.
- Marvel 1602: Fantastick Four #1–5. Marvel Comics.
- Amazing Spider-Man: Renew Your Vows #2. Marvel Comics.
- Amazing Spider-Man: Renew Your Vows #4. Marvel Comics.
- House of M: Masters of Evil #1. Marvel Comics.
- House of M: Masters of Evil #4. Marvel Comics.
- JLA/Avengers #4. Marvel Comics.
- Spider-Man Noir: Eyes Without a Mask #1–3. Marvel Comics.
- Marvel Zombies: Dead Days. Marvel Comics.
- Marvel Zombies Return #1–4 (2009). Marvel Comics.
- Peter Porker, the Spectacular Spider-Ham #12. Marvel Comics.
- Spider-Man: Reign #1–4 (December 2006 – March 2007). Marvel Comics.
- Ultimate Spider-Man #17. Marvel Comics.
- Ultimate Six #1–7. Marvel Comics.
- Ultimate Spider-Man #156. Marvel Comics.
- Ultimate Spider-Man #159. Marvel Comics.
- "Marvel Animation Age Presents: Spider-Man". Marvel.toonzone.net. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- "Comics Continuum by Rob Allstetter: Saturday, February 2, 2008". Comicscontinuum.com. February 2, 2008. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- "Marvel Animation Age – The Marvel Animation News Resource". marvel.toonzone.net.
- "Marvel's Animated Spider-Man Voice Cast and Premiere Date". July 14, 2017.
- Hullender, Tatiana (May 8, 2019). "Confirmed: Spider-Man: Far From Home's Elemental Villains Based on B-List Villains". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on May 8, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
- Small, Gretchen (May 8, 2019). "Who Are the Elementals in SPIDER-MAN: FAR FROM HOME?". Nerdist. Archived from the original on May 9, 2019. Retrieved May 8, 2019.
- "How Kevin Feige And Jon Watts Feel About Potentially Bringing Green Goblin And Doc Ock Back To The Spider-Man Movies". CINEMABLEND. July 4, 2019. Retrieved July 5, 2019.
- "Sandman Voice - Spider-Man franchise | Behind The Voice Actors". behindthevoiceactors.com. Retrieved July 26, 2019. Check mark indicates role has been confirmed using screenshots of closing credits and other reliable sources.
- "Spider-Man: Shattered Dimensions Achievements". Xbox360Achievements.org. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- Richard George & Jesse Schedeen (July 7, 2010). "The Deadly Villains of Spider-Man: Shattered Dimensions – Comics Feature at IGN". Comics.ign.com. Retrieved April 12, 2011.
- McWhertor, Michael (April 5, 2013). "Lego Marvel Super Heroes assembles a cast of Marvel minifigs in the battle for Cosmic Bricks". Polygon. Retrieved April 5, 2013.
- "Piecing Together Marvel Puzzle Quest: Sandman". Marvel.com.
- "Characters". IGN Database. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
- Sandman at Marvel.com
- Sandman of Nowhere at Marvel Wiki
- Alien Sandman at Marvel Wiki
- Sandman Imposter at Marvel Wiki
- Sandman at Comic Vine
- Sandman at the Comic Book DB (archived from the original)