San Luis Province

San Luis (Spanish pronunciation: [san ˈlwis]) is a province of Argentina located near the geographical center of the country (on the 32° South parallel). Neighboring provinces are, from the north clockwise, La Rioja, Córdoba, La Pampa, Mendoza and San Juan.

San Luis
Province

Flag

Coat of arms
CountryArgentina
CapitalSan Luis
Divisions9 departments
Government
  GovernorAlberto Rodríguez Saá
  SenatorsLiliana Negre de Alonso, Adolfo Rodríguez Saá, Daniel Pérsico
Area
  Total76,748 km2 (29,633 sq mi)
Population
 (2010[1])
  Total432,310
  Rank19th
  Density5.6/km2 (15/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Puntano
Time zoneUTC−3 (ART)
ISO 3166 codeAR-D
HDI (2016)0.849 Very High (7th)[2]
Websitesanluis.gov.ar

History

The city of San Luis was founded in 1594 by Luis Jufré de Loaysa y Meneses, but was subsequently abandoned. It was refounded by Martín García Óñez de Loyola in 1596 under the name San Luis de Loyola.[3]

Politics in San Luis have long been influenced by the descendants of the noted mid-19th century advocate for San Luis's integration into the rest of Argentina, Juan Saá. Since the return of Argentina to democratic rule in 1983, in particular, the Rodríguez Saá family (of Peronist affiliation) has occupied the governor's seat. This situation is, as in many smaller provinces in Argentina (and, indeed, elsewhere), partly explained by the customary use of a combination of nepotism, propaganda and generous social welfare legislation. This includes substantial allegations of illegal pressure, including the violent 1991 harassment of a local journalist and his neighbors.[4] Since 1983, however, Governor (now Senator) Adolfo Rodríguez Saá has also overseen record investment by light manufacturers (mostly food-processors and bottling plants) and advances like the construction of Argentina's most extensive expressway network.[5]

Geography and climate

The province has low sierras in the north along the Dry Pampas, and another such system on the west with the Guayaguas, Cantanal, Quijadas and Alto Pencoso Sierras, typical of the Cuyo region.

Economy

San Luis' economy has, over the past generation, been among the most improved in Argentina. Its 2006 output, estimated at US$3.386 billion, yielded a per capita income of US$9,203 (somewhat above the national average).[6]

The economic profile of the province changed due to industrial promotion policies implemented since late 1982. Until then, the primary sector (agriculture) was the productive base.

Industrial establishments installed after that year, exhibit great diversification and are mainly in two urban centers: the capital and Villa Mercedes.

Tourism is another of the activities promoted by the San Luis government since the return of democracy in 1983. Currently the province has the largest network of highways in the country, which connects most of the resorts with the provincial capital.

Political division

The province is divided into nine departments (departamentos).

DepartmentCapital
AyacuchoSan Francisco del Monte de Oro
BelgranoVilla General Roca
La CapitalSan Luis
ChacabucoConcarán
Coronel PringlesLa Toma
General PederneraVilla Mercedes
Gobernador DupuyBuena Esperanza
JunínSanta Rosa
Libertador General San MartínLibertador General San Martín

Source for department names:[1]

References

  1. "Argentina: San Luis". City Population. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
  2. "Información para el desarrollo sostenible: Argentina y la Agenda 2030" (PDF) (in Spanish). United Nations Development Programme. p. 155. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
  3. "PROVINCIA DE SAN LUIS" (in Spanish). El Vigía. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
  4. Noticias. 6 September 1991.
  5. Grupo Payne Archived May 31, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  6. "El déficit consolidado de las provincias rondará los $11.500 millones este año" (in Spanish). Instituto Argentino para el Desarrollo de las Economías Regionales. Archived from the original on July 11, 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015.

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