San Francisco (1936 film)
San Francisco is a 1936 musical-drama disaster film directed by Woody Van Dyke, based on the April 18, 1906 San Francisco earthquake. The film, which was the top-grossing movie of that year, stars Clark Gable, Jeanette MacDonald, and Spencer Tracy. The then very popular singing of MacDonald helped make this film a hit, coming on the heels of her other 1936 blockbuster, Rose Marie. Famous silent film directors D. W. Griffith and Erich von Stroheim worked on the film without credit. Griffith directed some of the mob scenes while von Stroheim contributed to the screenplay.
Original Film Poster
|Directed by||W. S. Van Dyke|
D. W. Griffith (uncredited)
|Produced by||John Emerson |
Bernard H. Hyman
|Written by||Robert E. Hopkins|
|Starring||Clark Gable |
|Music by||Walter Jurmann |
|Cinematography||Oliver T. Marsh|
|Edited by||Tom Held|
|June 26, 1936|
|Box office||$2,868,000 (Domestic earnings)|
$2,405,000 (Foreign earnings)
The film opens with two men in boxing gloves and trunks sparring vigorously. One knocks the other squarely down, concluding their session. Changing out of their exercise gear, the latter dons a natty suit, the former a priest's collar.
The first man is "Blackie" Norton (Clark Gable), a saloonkeeper and gambler. He owns the Paradise Club on Pacific Street in the notorious Barbary Coast. The other is Blackie's childhood friend, Father Tim Mullen (Spencer Tracy), a Roman Catholic priest.
Blackie hires Mary Blake (Jeanette MacDonald), a promising, but impoverished, classically trained singer from Benson, Colorado. She becomes a star attraction at the Paradise, especially for singing "San Francisco" (a song composed for the movie, which became one of the city's official anthems). The club piano player, "The Professor" (Al Shean), can tell Mary has a professionally trained voice. Mat (Ted Healy), Blackie's good friend at the Paradise, wisely predicts that Mary is not going to stay on the "Coast".
Father Tim makes several attempts to reform Blackie, while the other nightclub owners urge him to run for the San Francisco Board of Supervisors in order to protect their crooked interests. Encouraged by Father Tim, who believes Blackie can use the supervisor position to implement reform, Blackie decides to run for office. Despite Father Tim's best efforts, Blackie remains a jaunty Barbary Coast atheist, although Blackie secretly paid for the new organ in Father Tim's church.
Blackie's feelings for Mary intensify, but complications arise when she is offered an opportunity to sing in the opera. Although she initially refuses to break her contract with Blackie, she later leaves the Paradise Club due to the overtly sexual manifestation of Blackie's feelings for her.
Mary is hired by the Tivoli Opera House on Market Street. There she becomes involved with Nob Hill scion Jack Burley (Jack Holt). Blackie wants to stop Mary singing at the Tivoli: he arrives the night of her premiere with a process server in tow to shut down the show. However, when he hears her sing he decides not to stop the opera. After her performance, Blackie visits Mary in her dressing room. Realizing she still loves him, Mary forwardly asks him to marry her. Blackie agrees, but their reunion is soon interrupted by Burley, who had proclaimed his love for Mary and proposed to her prior to the show. Blackie, seeing Burley as competition for Mary's affections, is happy to tell him of their intent to marry. However, as Blackie gloatingly tells Burley of their plans, it becomes clear that Blackie intends to take Mary away from the Tivoli and put her back on stage at the Paradise. Burley appeals to Mary, but Blackie presents Mary with an ultimatum by asking if she wants to marry him or stay at the Tivoli.
Mary's choice is to return to the Paradise. Backstage, before the opening night of her return performance, she asks Blackie if they can set the date for their wedding. Blackie agrees, but wants to postpone getting married until after the election. Father Tim drops in, and is angered by Mary's skimpy stage costume. He defies Blackie to put her on the stage in front of the rowdy Paradise audience. Mary observes Blackie's reaction to Father Tim's statements, and decides to leave with the priest after Blackie strikes him in the face.
Mary goes back to Burley and eventually meets his mother (Jessie Ralph) at her Nob Hill mansion. In a private conversation, she confesses her unworthiness, but Mrs. Burley informs Mary that she started out in 1850 as Massie, a simple washerwoman in Portsmouth Square. Mrs. Burley also empathizes that she also once had a "Blackie" in her younger days, but chose to marry the more steadfast elder Burley. This cements Mary's decision to accept Burley's proposal of marriage.
It is now the evening of April 17, 1906. Burley has called in some favors and had the San Francisco Police Department raid the Paradise, destroying its gambling equipment and running off the patrons. Blackie, distraught about the future of his club, ends up at the city's annual Chickens Ball. Mary and Burley are in attendance. After performances by acts from the other Barbary Coast clubs, the MC requests the Paradise's entry. When no one steps on stage, Mary, just having learned of the club's closing, enters the Chickens Ball competition for the Paradise. She rouses the audience to join in a chorus of "San Francisco", and wins. However, Blackie angrily refuses the prize money, tossing the prize cup and gold coins to the stage floor. He angrily states that Mary had no right to sing on behalf of his club. Embarrassed, Mary is about to leave the ball with Burley.
Then, at 5:13 a.m. April 18, 1906, the earthquake hits the city. The city is devastated and hundreds are killed.
As Blackie wanders the city searching for Mary, he walks to Nob Hill, where he sees Mrs. Burley, who senses her son has died. (Blackie did indeed witness the dead Burley when wandering the devastated streets.) She leaves the area as US Army troops from the Presidio blow up her mansion in preparation making a firebreak. Blackie then comes upon Mat, who was injured at the destroyed Hall of Justice on Washington Street. A nurse indicates to Blackie that Mat is dying. Before he dies, Mat tells Blackie he was wrong about his feelings toward Mary.
Blackie later meets Father Tim, who takes him to Golden Gate Park, where there is a tent camp for the homeless. There, Blackie hears Mary's voice lifted in song "Nearer, My God, to Thee" with those in mourning. After seeing Mary, Blackie falls to his knees and thanks God for sparing Mary's life. From a distance, Mary sees Blackie praying, and as she walks toward him, word spreads through the camp that "The fire's out!" As people shout about building a new San Francisco, Blackie and Mary join the crowd (a surprisingly multi-racial group, given the era of the film) as they leave the park marching arm-in-arm, singing "The Battle Hymn of the Republic".
The film ends with a dissolve from the smoldering ruins into the "modern" San Francisco of the mid-1930s. (Each year when the film is shown near April 18 by Bay Area television stations, the scenes of the 1930s city are replaced with stock news footage of the city in the current year.)
- Clark Gable as Blackie Norton
- Jeanette MacDonald as Mary Blake
- Spencer Tracy as Father Tim Mullin
- Jack Holt as Jack Burley
- Jessie Ralph as Mrs. Burley
- Ted Healy as Mat
- Shirley Ross as Trixie
- Margaret Irving as Della Bailey
- Harold Huber as Babe
- Edgar Kennedy as Sheriff
- Al Shean as The Professor
- William Ricciardi as Signor Baldini
- Kenneth Harlan as Chick
- Roger Imhof as Alaska
- Charles Judels as Tony (credited as Charles Judells)
- Russell Simpson as Red Kelly
- Bert Roach as Freddie Duane
- Warren B. Hymer as Hazeltine
- Frank Mayo as Dealer (uncredited)
- Carl Stockdale as Salvation Army Man (uncredited)
The earthquake montage sequence was created by 2nd unit director and montage expert John Hoffman. The Barbary Coast barroom set was built on a special platform that rocked and shook to simulate the historical temblor. (Similar sets were built for the 1974 disaster film Earthquake.)
There are two versions of the ending. The original release features a stylish montage of then-current (1936) scenes of a bustling San Francisco, including Market Street and the construction of the Golden Gate Bridge. When the film was re-released in 1948, it was thought these scenes were dated and the film fades out on a single long shot of the modern business district. However, the TV and 16mm versions of the film seen in the 1950s and 60s were struck from the original version which includes the montage. The current DVD and cable version features the shorter, 1948 version.
Gable and Tracy also made two other films together, Test Pilot and Boom Town, before Tracy eventually insisted on the same top billing clause in his MGM contract that Gable had enjoyed, effectively ending one of the American cinema's most famous screen teams.
The title song may be the best-remembered part of the film. It was composed by Bronisław Kaper and Walter Jurmann, with lyrics by Gus Kahn. It is sung by Jeanette MacDonald a half-dozen times in the film, and becomes an anthem for the survivors of the earthquake. It has now become a popular sentimental sing-along at public events such as the city's annual earthquake commemoration, as well as one of two official city songs; the other being "I Left My Heart in San Francisco". At San Francisco's historic Castro Theatre, the pre-film organ performance always ends with the song as the organ console is lowered down before the film starts.
Early in the film, the song "The Darktown Strutters Ball" can be heard; this is a historically inaccurate inclusion, since the song was written in 1917.
The film won one Academy Award and was nominated for five more.
|Outstanding Production||Nominated||MGM (John Emerson and Bernard H. Hyman) |
Winner was Hunt Stromberg (MGM) - The Great Ziegfeld
|Best Director||Nominated||W. S. Van Dyke |
Winner was Frank Capra - Mr. Deeds Goes to Town
|Best Actor||Nominated||Spencer Tracy |
Winner was Paul Muni - The Story of Louis Pasteur
|Best Writing (Original Story)||Nominated||Robert Hopkins |
Winner was Pierre Collings and Sheridan Gibney - The Story of Louis Pasteur
|Best Assistant Director||Nominated||Joseph M. Newman |
Winner was Jack Sullivan - The Charge of the Light Brigade
|Best Sound Recording||Won||Douglas Shearer|
|1936||Photoplay Awards||Won||Medal of Honor||John Emerson and Bernard H. Hyman|
- Turk 2000, p. 184
- The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
- Reid, John (2004). Award-Winning Films of the 1930s. Lulu.com. p. 129. ISBN 1-4116-1432-1.
- Dugan 2011, pp. 128, 145
- "San Francisco's Official Songs". www.sfmuseum.org.
- "Chickens' Ball History". San Carlos Chickens' Ball Variety Show. 28 February 2012.
- "Ratings and Reviews for New Movies and TV Shows". IMDb.
- "An organ transplant for the Castro Theatre's Mighty Wurlitzer". kalw.org. Retrieved 2019-04-08.
- "The 9th Academy Awards (1937) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
- Dugan, Eleanor Knowles (March 1, 2011). The Films of Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy. San Francisco, CA: Grand Cyrus Press. ISBN 978-0979099458.
- Turk, Edward Baron (April 3, 2000). Hollywood Diva: A Biography of Jeanette MacDonald. Oakland, California: University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-21202-9.
- San Francisco on IMDb
- San Francisco at Rotten Tomatoes
- San Francisco at AllMovie
- San Francisco at Jeanette MacDonald and Nelson Eddy: A Tribute
- San Francisco at Virtual History
- San Francisco showing at the Regal Stonehouse Glos 1937
- San Francisco Brief Synopsis at Turner Classic Movies Archives Database