Samuel Lister, 1st Baron Masham
Samuel Cunliffe Lister, 1st Baron Masham (1 January 1815 – 2 February 1906) was an English inventor and industrialist, notable for inventing the Lister nip comb.
He was born in Calverley Old Hall, near Bradford, the son of Ellis Cunliffe Lister (1774–1853), the first Member of Parliament elected for Bradford after the Reform Act of 1832 and Mary (née Kay) Lister. In 1854 he married Anne Dearden, daughter of John Dearden; they had five daughters. He started his working life working for a Liverpool firm of merchants.
Industry and enterprise
Lister went on to play a key role in the development of Bradford's wool industry during the nineteenth century Industrial Revolution. The textile industry transformed Bradford from a small rural town into a rich and famous city. As well as being a successful mill owner he occasionally diverged to other subjects, such as an air brake for railways. He was fond of outdoor sports, especially coursing and shooting, and was a keen patron of the fine arts.
In 1838 he and his elder brother John started as worsted spinners and manufacturers in a new mill which their father built for them at Manningham. Lister's Mill (otherwise known as Manningham Mills), and its owner, were particularly well known in the district. The business eventually made Lister one of Bradford's most famous fathers, a multi-millionaire and the provider of thousands of jobs in the city. Lister's Mill changed the identity of the region, and its economy. Lister himself came to epitomise Victorian enterprise. However it has been suggested that his capitalist attitude made trade unions necessary.
Lister invented the Lister nip comb which separated and straightened raw wool, which has to be done before it can be spun into worsted yarn, and in the nineteenth century it was a hot, dirty and tiring job. By inventing the nip comb, Lister revolutionised the industry.
Around 1855 he began work to find a way of utilising the fibre contained in silk waste. The task occupied his time for many years and brought him to the verge of bankruptcy, but at last he succeeded in perfecting silk-combing appliances which enabled him to make good quality yarn at a low cost. Another important invention in connection with silk manufacture was a velvet loom patent that he bought in 1867 to the Catalan inventor Jacint Barrau. The new loom was built at Manningham Mills by Jaume Reixach, Barrau's foreman and Lister's Mill director afterwards, and made him very rich. However, the business was seriously affected by the prohibitory duties imposed by the United States, making him an early critic of the British policy of free trade.
In 1887 he was appointed High Sheriff of Yorkshire.
In 1891 he was made a peer; he took his title from the little Yorkshire town of Masham, close to which is Swinton Park, purchased by him in 1888. He died at Swinton Park on 2 February 1906, and was succeeded by his son, Samuel Cunliffe Lister, 2nd Baron Masham.
A statue of him now stands in Lister Park, in Heaton, Bradford, sculpted by Matthew Noble from a block of white Sicilian marble and unveiled on Saturday 15 May 1875 by W. E. Forster, then Member of Parliament for Bradford. Lister Park was donated to the people of Bradford by Lister.
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 837..
- "Wharfedale and Airedale Observer". Prejudiced mill owner drove his workers into the unions. 18 October 2007. Retrieved 10 July 2009.
- Cabana, Francesc (2001) . "Jacint Barrau, un geni de la mecànica" [Jacint Barrau, a genius in mechanics]. Fàbriques i empresaris. Els protagonistes de la revolució industrial a Catalunya. Volum 3: Llana. Seda. Gènere de punt. Lli. Jute. Acabats [Factories and business men. The main characters of the industrial revolution in Catalonia. Volume 3: Whool. Silk. White jute. Product finishes.] (in Catalan). Barcelona: Fundació Enciclopèdia Catalana and Diputació de Barcelona. pp. 216–222. ISBN 978-84-7794-798-1. Dipòsit Legal: B.39.571-2001.
- "Samuel Cunliffe Lister, 1st Baron Masham". Encyclopædia Britannica. 10 July 2009. Retrieved 10 July 2009.
- "ThePeerage.com". Samuel Cunliffe-Lister, 1st Baron Masham of Swinton. Retrieved 10 July 2009.
- Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). 1912. .
- "Samuel Cunliffe Lister, 1st Baron Masham". Encyclopædia Britannica.
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation|| Baron Masham
Samuel Cunliffe Lister