Samuel Dashwood

Sir Samuel Dashwood (c.1643 – 1705) was an English merchant and Tory politician. He was Lord Mayor of London in 1702.[1]

Life

The son of Francis Dashwood, a London merchant, by his wife Alice Sleigh, he was a brother of Sir Francis Dashwood, 1st Baronet, and cousin of Sir Robert Dashwood, 1st Baronet.[2][3] He was elected Sheriff of London, and was also knighted, in 1683, and was a City of London Member of Parliament in 1685 and 1690.[1][4]

Dashwood's father was a farmer of the excise, and he himself became a commissioner of excise in 1683.[5] An alderman in 1687, he was removed by James II for refusing to countenance the suspension of the Corporation Act.[6]

In 1702, a colonel in the Lieutenancy of the City, Dashwood was made a Justice of the Peace, based on his willingness to use judicial powers.[6] In that year Dashwood was Lord Mayor of London, and entertained Queen Anne at the London Guildhall as part of the lavish show that he organised. It was authored by Elkanah Settle, and marked the final pageant of the old tradition.[7][8]

Family

Dashwood married on 17 May 1670 Anne Smith, sister of the politician John Smith, who was daughter of John Smith of Tedworth.[9][10] Their daughter Sophia married Francis Lewis.[11] Elizabeth married Andrew Archer in 1702,[12] and his sister Sarah married 1665 Fulke Greville, 5th Baron Brooke. Samuel's heir was George, MP for Stockbridge, the fourth son but the oldest who survived his father.[13]

Notes

  1. "Dashwood, Sir Samuel (c.1643–1705), of Bishopsgate, London and Mortlake, Surr., History of Parliament Online". Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  2. Pollard, Albert Frederick (1901). "Dashwood, Francis" . In Lee, Sidney (ed.). Dictionary of National Biography (1st supplement). 2. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  3. Basil Duke Henning (1 January 1983). The House of Commons, 1660-1690. Boydell & Brewer. p. 195. ISBN 978-0-436-19274-6.
  4. Gary S. De Krey (24 February 2005). London and the Restoration, 1659–1683. Cambridge University Press. p. 320. ISBN 978-1-107-32068-0.
  5. Gary S. De Krey (24 February 2005). London and the Restoration, 1659–1683. Cambridge University Press. p. 319. ISBN 978-1-107-32068-0.
  6. Paula R. Backscheider (1 August 1992). Daniel Defoe: His Life. Taylor & Francis. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-8018-4512-3.
  7. Walter Thornbury, "The Lord Mayors of London", in Old and New London: Volume 1 (London, 1878), pp. 396-416 http://www.british-history.ac.uk/old-new-london/vol1/pp396-416 [accessed 23 May 2015].
  8. Penny Magazine of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. G. Knight & Company. 1843. p. 453.
  9. Joseph Lemuel Chester; Church of England. Province of Canterbury. Faculty Office of the Archbishop of Canterbury at London (1886). Allegations for marriage licences issued from the Faculty Office of the Archbishop of Canterbury at London, 1543 to 1869. Harleian Society. p. 113.
  10. Arthur Collins (1768). The Peerage of England; Containing a Genealogical and Historical Account of All the Peers of that Kingdom Etc. Fourth Edition, Carefully Corrected, and Continued to the Present Time. - London, H. Woodfall 1768. H. Woodfall. pp. 494–.
  11. "Lewis, Francis (c.1692–1744), of Stanford-upon-Soar, Notts". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  12. Burke, Bernard; John Burke (1866). Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire. Harrison. p. 10. Retrieved 26 May 2015.
  13. "Dashwood, George II (1680–1758), St. George's, Hanover Square, Mdx., History of Parliament Online". Retrieved 26 May 2015.
Civic offices
Preceded by
Sir William Gore
Lord Mayor of London
17021703
Succeeded by
Sir John Parsons
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