Location in Punjab, India
|Coordinates: 30.15°N 76.19°E|
|Founded by||Gurpyar Singh Toor|
|Elevation||240 m (790 ft)|
|• Official||Punjabi, Hindi, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||PB 42|
Before Independence, Samana was a part of Patiala Kingdom (PEPSU). Now it is a part of Patiala District of Punjab (India).
Samana was named after the wife of 8th Shia Imam Ali al-Ridha, by their five sons (namely imam Mash'had Ali) who moved from Mashhad to the present day Samana because of political tensions with the then Abbasid Caliphate Al-Ma'mun after Al-Ma'mun poisoned and killed their father Imam Ali al-Ridha. After they get settled in the area, they named the place after their mother; Later, Mash'had Ali died there and his shrine is also located there and many Shia Muslims go there to participate in the annual Symposium held in the premises of the Shrine.
Later the history is traced to the days of Raja Jaipal who ruled over, among others, the territories of Bhatinda and Samana. It was included within the territory of Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Gauri after the conquest of Ajmer and Delhi and was entrusted to Qutb ud-Din Aibak in 1192, along with the territories of Ghuram and Sunam.
While Samana is said to be a place of saints and scholars during the Mughal days, it was notorious also for its professional executioners, who served at Delhi and Sirhind. "Sayyad Jala-ud-Din", who was ordered to execute Sikh guru Guru Teg Bahadur at Delhi in 1675 was from Samana. Beg brothers, who were ordered to execute the younger sons of Guru Gobind Singh, 6 years old Sahibzada Fateh Singh and 9 years old Sahibzada Zorawar Singh, also belonged to Samana. This town was therefore one of the first places to have been sacked by Banda Singh Bahadur. In 1710 AD Battle of Samana, he also killed infamous Mughal Governor of Sirhind Wazir Khan (real name Mirza Askari) who had ordered the execution of young kids of Guru Govind Singh. Banda Singhs army took revenge on the whole city by murdering all male Muslim residents of Samana. About 10.000 unarmed civilians were slain. He had to give up Samana towards the end of 1710 AD when it was retaken by Mughals. The Sikhs retook it once again in 1742 AD under the leadership of Maharaja Ala Singh, the founder Maharaja of the Patiala State, and was recognized as a part of Banda's territories by Ahmad Shah Durrani.
|Religion in Samana, India (2011)|
|Other or not religious||0.14|
As per 2011 India census, population statistics of Samana city:
Total Population: 54,072
Male Population: 28,309 (52.35%)
Female Population: 25,763 (47.65%)
Female Sex Ratio: 910
Literacy Rate: 85.85 %
Male Literacy Rate: 90.69 %
Female Literacy Rate: 78.58%
Samana is one of the 117 Vidhan Sabha Constituencies of Punjab. It's constituency no. is 116.
List of MLAs of Samana Constituency
- 1957 : Harchand singh (INC)
- 1962 : Chaudhary Bhajan Lal (INC)
- 1967 : Chaudhary Bhajan Lal (INC)
- 1969 : Pritam singh (SAD)
- 1972 : Gurdev singh (SAD)
- 1977 : Gurdev Singh (SAD)
- 1980 : Sant Ram Singla (INC)
- 1985 : Hardial Singh Rajla(SAD)
- 1992 : Captain Amarinder Singh (SAD)
- 1997 : Jagtar Singh Rajla (SAD)
- 2002 : Surjit Singh Rakhra (SAD)
- 2007 : Brahm Mohindra (INC)
- 2012 : Surjit Singh Rakhra (SAD)
- 2017 : Rajinder Singh (INC)
Places to visit
Panchmukhi Mandir: Panchmukhi Mandir is one of the earliest temples of Samana. It is a large and beautiful temple devoted to Lord Shiva. Every year, a grand festival is celebrated in this temple on the occasion of Mahashivaratri. Mata Naina Devi Mandir is also there inside the temple complex.
Gurudwara Thada Sahib: Thada Sahib is a beautiful Historical Gurudwara. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji came to this place when he was on the way to Delhi. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji came here to the place of Sai Anayat Ali. Adjoining was the area of a cruel Muslim, who had thrown cow bones in the well when Guru Sahib's Sikh went there for water. After that Guru Sahib got a well dug there.
Gurudwara Garhi Sahib: Nawab Bhikhan Shah, a muslim who owned a nearby Garhi (fort), was a great follower of Guru Tegh Bahadur. When Guru ji visited Samana, he requested him to accompany him back to his garhi which was safer for Guru ji as Mughal spies and soldiers were looking to arrest Guru ji . Upon request from Bhikhan Shah, Guru ji visited his Garhi and since than this place is famous as Gurudwara Garhi Sahib in memoir of Guru Tegh Bahadur ji. This gurudwara is situated at the bank of Ghagar river.
Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary: Bir Gurdialpura Wildlife Sanctuary is about 15 km from Samana. It was one of the important hunting reserves of the erstwhile rulers of Patiala state. It was declared a protected forest and then as a sanctuary under the Fauna of Patiala Act. The sanctuary has a good ecological value and habitat for number of wild animals.
Panj Peer Mazar: It is a major pilgrimage centre for Shia Muslims. Sayyid Mash'had Ali, who was son of 8th Shia Imam Ali al-Ridha was buried here about 1200 years ago and the town of Samana also takes its name from his mother. According to scholars of Muslim history, the discovery of the mazar is very significant as there is no mazar of any Imam in South Asia.
New Gaushaala: It is one of largest Gaushaalas in Punjab. It is built on the banks of Bhakra, on Samana-Patiala road. It is fully accomplished with world class infrastructure and facilities. It covers 12 acres area. People visit here on the daily basis and offers charity and help.
Pingla Ashram: It is a charitable center and home for mentally retarded, handicapped and elderly helpless people. It was started by Dr. Hari Chand. It is being operated by the blessings of respected Hari chand g and handling by committee of reputed people of Samana. It is managed by Sh. Inderjit Dawar for more than a period of 51 years as a successor of Dr. Hari chand without accepting any serving fees of his duty. It is run by the donations from generous people of local town, adjacent villages and abroad.
Maisar Mandir: A famous Maisar Mandir, dedicated to goddess Durga is located on the border of Samana and Shadipur (Haryana). Every year, a grand fair is organized here on the occasion of Navaratri.
Shri Sai Baba Mandir: It is located at the distance of 3 km from Samana.
Shri Durga Mata Mandir: It's a newly renovated beautiful temple located inside Aggarwal Dharamshala.
Shri Aggarwal Dharamshala & Devi Talab Mandir
- Adarsh Nursing College
- Dr Johri Degree College
- Nancy college of Education.
- Public College, Samana
- SASM College of Law
- Aggarsain Women college
- Acharya Devinder Muni Jain Model High School, Shehajpura Road, Samana
- Aggarsain International public school Samana
- Akal Academy School, Fatehgarh Channa
- Budha Dal Public School, Samana
- D.A.V Public School, Samana
- D.A.V Public school, Badshahpur
- D.A.V Public school, Kakrala.
- D.A.V Public school, Kularan.
- Dayanand Model High School, Samana
- Holy heart public school, Samana
- Mind Glow Academy, Samana
- Model public Sr. Sec. school Samana
- Premier public school Samana
- Public Sr. Sec School Samana
- S.D. Model High School, Samana
- St. Lawrence Sr. Sec. School, Samana
- Shivalik multipurpose public school
- SRS Vidyapeeth Patiala Road Samana
- The Winners Academy, Samana
- Tony Jaques (2007). Dictionary of battles and sieges. 3. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 948. ISBN 9780313335396.
- History of Islam, p. 506, at Google Books
- "Samana Population Census 2011". Census 2011. census2011.co.in. Retrieved 29 January 2017.
- Gurudwara Shri Thada Sahib, Samana (HistoricalGurudwaras.com)
- "Gurudwara Sri Garhi Sahib, Samana and its history". Discover Sikhism.