Salt Pans, Portland

The Salt Pans are two salt pans on the Isle of Portland, Dorset, England. Both pans sit next to one another, and are situated on the coastline of East Weares, the east side of Portland. The pans sit directly below the Young Offenders Institution HM Prison Portland, and are found close to various old historic relics such as the East Weare Rifle Range, Folly Pier, King's Pier and the remains of the Folly Pier Waterworks. The East Weares area, including the Salt Pans, has been labelled a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), largely due to the scrub and wildlife being of high nature conservation value.[1]

History

Situated along the eastern coastline of East Weares,[2] the two salt pans have existed for many centuries. The origins of the pans remain uncertain, however the limited evidence recorded suggest they are likely to be medieval.[3] During Saxon and Norman times the pans were one of two places for the thriving salt production industry on Portland. The other was the tidal lagoon known as The Mere, which was situated at the north of the island. The two pans at East Weares were formed by the digging of Kimmeridge clay.[4]

The pans would flood at high Spring Tides and once they dried out through the evaporation of the seawater, the encrusted salt would be removed from the rocks.[3] Although the pans have remained unused for centuries, both remain completely intact and undisturbed.[5]

Access

The salt pans can be reached via an unofficial pathway veering off the official coastal path of the East Weares area. A similar pathway further north links to the remains of the Folly Pier Waterworks. Sitting on the coastline, the pans link directly to the sea and thus can be reached via the coastline edge as well. The pans can also be viewed from the clifftops of Grove Point.

References

  1. "File:East Weares - Portland Goats Sign - Portland, Dorset.JPG - Wikimedia Commons". Commons.wikimedia.org. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  2. http://www.heritagegateway.org.uk/Gateway/Results_Single.aspx?uid=MDO19643&resourceID=1012
  3. "Salt pans, a mine and a dead whale on Portland, Dorset". Geoffkirby.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-12-03.
  4. Morris, Stuart (1985). Portland, an Illustrated History. Dorset: The Dovecote Press, Wimborne, Dorset. p. 20. ISBN 0-946159-34-3.
  5. "Chesil Beach, Dorset - Geological Field Guide, Introduction by Dr. Ian West". Southampton.ac.uk. Retrieved 2013-12-03.

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