Salluit

Salluit (Inuktitut: ᓴᓪᓗᐃᑦ, "the thin ones")[6] is the second northernmost Inuit community in Quebec, Canada, located on Sugluk Inlet close to the Hudson Strait and was formerly known as Sugluk. Its population was 1,483 in the Canada 2016 Census and the population centre had 1,075 people.[3][4] It is not accessible by road, but by air through Salluit Airport.

Salluit

ᓴᓪᓗᐃᑦ
Looking east, October 2008
Salluit
Coordinates (64, rue Aqqutituqaq[1]): 62°12′N 75°39′W[2]
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionNord-du-Québec
TEKativik
ConstitutedDecember 29, 1979
Government
  MayorPaulusie Papigatuk Senior
  MPRomeo Saganash
  Provincial MPJean Boucher
Area
  Total14.70 km2 (5.68 sq mi)
  Land14.66 km2 (5.66 sq mi)
  Population Centre0.4 km2 (0.2 sq mi)
Elevation
 (at airport)[5]
227 m (745 ft)
Population
 (2016)[3][4]
  Total1,483
  Density101.1/km2 (262/sq mi)
  Change (2011–16)
10.1%
  Population Centre
1,075
  Population Centre density2,694.9/km2 (6,980/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
J0M 1S0
Area code(s)819
Websitenvsalluit.ca

Salluit means "The Thin Ones" in Inuktitut, referring to a time when local inhabitants were facing starvation as a result of a lack of wildlife.

History

In 1925, an independent trader opened a trading post on the site of present-day Salluit. Not to be outdone, the Hudson's Bay Company (HBC) quickly established its own post on the far shore of Sugluk Inlet but relocated it soon after to Deception Bay, about 53.5 km (33.2 mi) to the east.

In 1930, the HBC built a store at present-day Salluit and closed its post at Deception Bay in 1932. The golden years of fur trading came to an end around 1936 when the price of pelts collapsed.

In 1930 a Catholic mission was established, closing some twenty years later, but followed by an Anglican mission in 1955. The Government of Canada opened a day school in 1957. As more public services were being delivered, Inuit settled around the small village.

The first residential houses were built in 1959 and ten years later a co-operative store was established by its residents. Salluit legally became a municipality in 1979.

Since 1996, the police services in Salluit are provided by the Kativik Regional Police Force[7].

Education

The Kativik School Board operates two schools in Salluit.

The first is Pigiurvik School, which is the primary school.

The second is Ikusik School, which is the secondary school.

Students attend Pigiurvik from Grade 1 - Grade 5, before attending Ikusik for Grade 6 - Secondary V.[8]

Notable residents

See also


Looking north, July 2001
Beluga butchered on the beach, 7 July 2001

References

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