Salah (biblical figure)

Salah, Shelah, or Sala (Hebrew: שֶׁלַחŠélaḥ, in pausa שָׁלַחŠā́laḥ; Greek: ΣαλάSalá) is an ancestor of the Israelites according to the Table of Nations in Genesis 10. He is thus one of the table's “seventy names.” He is also mentioned in Genesis 11:12–15, 1 Chronicles 1:18–24, and Luke 3:35.

Portrait from Promptuarii Iconum Insigniorum (1553)
ChildrenEber, and other sons and daughters
Parent(s)Arpachshad (or Cainan)

In the ancestral line from Noah to Abraham, he is the son of Arpachshad (in the Masoretic Text and Samaritan Pentateuch[1]) or Cainan (in the Septuagint ) and the father of ‘Eber. The name ‘Eber for his son is the original eponym of the Hebrew people, from the root ‘abar (עבר, Hebrew word #5674 in Strong's Concordance), “to cross over.”[2][3][4]

The Gospel of Luke and Book of Jubilees both agree with the Septuagint in making Salah the son of Cainan, adding the information that his mother was Milcah (the daughter of Madai), while his wife is named as Mu'ak, daughter of Kesed (another son of Arphachsad).

Salah's age at death is given as 433 (Masoretic),[5] 460 (Septuagint),[6] and 460 (Samaritan).[7]

Henry M. Morris states that Arpachshad, Salah, and ‘Eber are listed as the most important sons since they were in the line of the promised Seed of the Woman.[8]

See also


  1. Interlinar Pentateuch
  2. The Israelite Samaritan Version of the Torah: First English Translation Compared with the Masoretic Version by Benyamim Tsedaka, Bereshith 11 (ISBN 0802865194)
  3. The Torah: Jewish and Samaritan versions compared (Hebrew Edition), בראשית 11, by Mark Shoulson (ISBN 1904808182)
  4. PNG image (a 993x731 chart delineating differences in genealogy between the MT, SP, and LXX from wikipedia entry Genealogies of Genesis which shows Cainan as the father of Salah in the Septuagint Pentateuch)
  5. The Koren Jerusalem Bible: The Hebrew/English Tanakh, בראשית 11, Koren Publishers (ISBN 9653010557)
  6. The Septuagint with Apocrypha: Greek and English, Genesis 11, by Sir Lancelot C.L. Brenton
  7. The Israelite Samaritan Version of the Torah: First English Translation Compared with the Masoretic Version, Bereshith 11, by Benyamim Tsedaka (ISBN 0802865194)
  8. Morris, Henry M. (1976). The Genesis Record: A Scientific and Devotional Commentary on the Book of Beginnings. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House. p. 259.
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