Salaberry-de-Valleyfield

Salaberry-de-Valleyfield is a city in southwestern Quebec, Canada, in the Regional County Municipality of Beauharnois-Salaberry.

Salaberry-de-Valleyfield

Valleyfield
The old canal of Beauharnois in downtown Valleyfield

Coat of arms

Nickname(s): 
The Venice of Quebec
Motto(s): 
Ubi lux ibi labor
Location within Beauharnois-Salaberry RCM
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield
Location in southern Quebec
Coordinates: 45°15′N 74°08′W[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionMontérégie
RCMBeauharnois-Salaberry
Founded1874
ConstitutedApril 24, 2002
Named forCharles-Michel d'Irumberry de Salaberry
Boroughs
Government
  TypeMayor-council government
  MayorMiguel Lemieux
  Federal ridingSalaberry—Suroît
  Prov. ridingBeauharnois
Area
  City125.50 km2 (48.46 sq mi)
  Land107.13 km2 (41.36 sq mi)
  Metro107.13 km2 (41.36 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[4]
  City41,701
  Density380.3/km2 (985/sq mi)
  Metro41,701
  Metro density380.3/km2 (985/sq mi)
  Pop 2016-2019
2.34%
  Dwellings
19,356
Demonym(s)Campivallensien, Campivallensienne (fr) Campivallensian (en)
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
J6S, J6T, J7X
Area code(s)450 and 579
Highways
A-30
A-530

Route 132
Route 201
Websitewww.ville.valleyfield.qc.ca

The population as of 2019 was 41,701[6]. Situated on Grande-Île, an island in the Saint Lawrence River, it is bordered at its western end by Lake Saint Francis, with the Saint Lawrence to the north and the Beauharnois Canal to its south. The Port of Valleyfield is on the canal.

The historic downtown is a major touristic center for the area.

Due to the presence of Lake St. Francis (St. Lawrence River), St. Francis Bay in downtown, and of numerous rivers and canals all over the town, the city is nicknamed ''The Venice of Quebec''.

History

The actual city was founded in 1874, the first mayor was Moise Plante. The first settlers arrived in 1798. At that moment, the settlement was named Pointe-du-Lac (Lake Point). The colony was then renamed Saranac, then Sainte-Cécile. Salaberry-de-Valleyfield was officially named in 1874 after Colonel Charles de Salaberry who served with the British army during the War of 1812. "Valleyfield" came from the Valleyfield Mills, a paper mill south of Edinburgh in Scotland.

The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Valleyfield, founded in 1892.

Salaberry-de-Valleyfield is also the seat of the judicial district of Beauharnois since 1901.[7]

Merger

In 2002, the city of 26,170 amalgamated with the following communities[8] (2001 Canada census figures):

Politics

The city council is composed of the mayor and eight city councillors. The municipal elections are at each 4 years, each councillor stands for his/her district.

City Council[9]
Function/District 2005-2009 2009-2013 2013-2017 2017-2021
Mayor Denis Lapointe Denis Lapointe Denis Lapointe Miguel Lemieux
1 - Grande-Île Denis Laître Denis Laître Denis Laître Lyne Lefebvre
2 - Nitro Jean-Marc Rochon Jean-Marc Rochon Jean-Marc Rochon Jason Grenier
3 - Georges-Leduc Claude Reid Louise Sauvé Louise Sauvé Jean-Marc Rochon
4 - Champlain Robert Savard Robert Savard Jean-Luc Pomerleau France Chenail
5 - La Baie Roger Levert Jean-Jacques Leduc François Labossière Guillaume Massicotte
6 - Robert-Cauchon Jacques Smith Jacques Smith Jacques Smith Jacques Smith
7 - Jules-Léger Pierre-Paul Messier Pierre-Paul Messier Patrick Rancourt Patrick Rancourt
8 - Saint-Timothée Normand Amesse Normand Amesse Normand Amesse Normand Amesse

Climate

Demographics

Population

Canada census – Salaberry-de-Valleyfield community profile
2011 2006
Population: 40,077 (+1.0% from 2006) 39,672 (+51.6% from 2001)
Land area: 107.10 km2 (41.35 sq mi) 107.10 km2 (41.35 sq mi)
Population density: 374.2/km2 (969/sq mi) 370.4/km2 (959/sq mi)
Median age: 47.1 (M: 45.1, F: 48.7) 44.6 (M: 42.9, F: 46.2)
Total private dwellings: 19,050 18,034
Median household income: $44,510 $41,880
Notes: Amalgamated with Saint-Timothée and Grande-Île in 2002. – References: 2011[11] 2006[12] earlier[13]
Historical Census Data - Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec[14]
YearPop.±%
1991 27,598    
1996 26,600−3.6%
2001 26,170−1.6%
2006 39,672+51.6%
2011 40,077+1.0%
2016 40,745+1.7%
201841,578+2.0%
201941,701+0.3%
Amalgamated with Saint-Timothée and Grande-Île in 2002.

Language

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec[14]
Amalgamated with Saint-Timothée and Grande-Île in 2002.
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2016
39,670
37,480 0.01% 94.48% 1,160 5.0% 2.92% 395 13.2% 1.00% 570 46.2% 1.44%
2011
39,425
37,475 1.7% 95.05% 1,105 6.8% 2.80% 455 89.6% 1.15% 390 12.4% 0.99%
2006
38,565
36,845 51.9% 95.54% 1,035 40.8% 2.68% 240 20.0% 0.62% 445 74.5% 1.15%
2001
25,450
24,260 2.4% 95.32% 735 11.4% 2.89% 200 14.9% 0.79% 255 4.1% 1.00%
1996
25,995
24,855 n/a 95.61% 660 n/a 2.54% 235 n/a 0.90% 245 n/a 0.94%

Attractions

The Musée de Société des Deux-Rives (MUSO), which covers the economic and cultural history of the region, is located in the city.

The city houses one of the 10 minor basilicas in Quebec. Cathedral-Basilica of Saint Cecilia, built in 1934-1935, is one of the largest churches in the country.

The city has been the site of the Valleyfield Regattas since 1938. The event takes place every year at the beginning of July over a three-day period in the heart of the city on Bay Saint-Francois. It is an international hydroplane competition, in which power boats achieve speeds of up to 225 km/h. Attracting over 130,000 visitors per year, it also includes other cultural activities.[15]

Education

  • 9 daycare facilities
  • 3 pre-kindergarten centres
  • 12 elementary schools (some with daycare services), of which one is English-language.
  • 1 high school
  • 1 adult education centre
  • 1 vocational training centre
  • 1 CEGEP: Collège de Valleyfield
  • 1 French-language university centre

Gault Institute

The Gault Institute was created by Andrew Frederick Gault. He created this school during the time that the Gault Cotton Mills were up and running. To heat the school at one time he used underground pipes connecting from the school to the Cotton Mills since at the time there was no electricity.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. Reference number 125037 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. "Affaires Municipales et Regions Quebec: Salaberry-de-Valleyfield". Archived from the original on 2012-02-05. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
  3. Riding history for Beauharnois—Salaberry, Quebec from the Library of Parliament
  4. 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Salaberry-de-Valleyfield, Quebec
  5. 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Salaberry-de-Valleyfield (Census agglomeration), Quebec. The census agglomeration consists of only Salaberry-de-Valleyfield itself. This was unchanged from the 2006 census.
  6. "Salaberry-de-Valleyfield - Répertoire des municipalités - Ministère des Affaires municipales et de l'Habitation". www.mamh.gouv.qc.ca. Retrieved 2019-11-28.
  7. Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  8. http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/publications/referenc/pdf/modavr02.pdf%5B%5D
  9. Tremblay, Éric (November 6, 2017). "Miguel Lemieux succède à Denis Lapointe (French Only)". Journal Saint-François.
  10. "Salaberry-de-Valleyfield Climate". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010 (in English and French). Environment Canada. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
  11. "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
  12. "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2013-05-17.
  13. "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  14. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011 census
  15. Home - Régates de Valleyfield
  16. Calvé, Mélanie (September 5, 2019). "Karla Homolka Vit Maintenant a Salaberry de Valleyfield". Viva Media. Retrieved September 5, 2019.
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