Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean (French pronunciation: [saɡnɛ lak sɛ̃ ʒɑ̃], locally [saɡne lak sẽ ʒã]) is a region in Quebec, Canada. It contains the Saguenay Fjord, the estuary of the Saguenay River, stretching through much of the region. It is also known as Sagamie in French, from the first part of "Saguenay" and the last part of "Piekouagami", the Innu name (meaning "flat lake") for Lac Saint-Jean, with the final "e" added to follow the model of other existing region names such as Mauricie, Témiscamie, Jamésie, and Matawinie. The name Saguenay is possibly derived from the Innu word "Saki-nip" which means "where water flows out". With a land area of 98,712.71 km2 (38,113.9 sq mi), the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean is, after the Nord-du-Québec and Côte-Nord regions, the third-largest of Quebec regions in the area.
Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean's location in comparison to the whole Canadian province of Quebec.
|• Regional conference of elected officers||André Paradis (President)|
|• Total||98,712.71 km2 (38,113.19 sq mi)|
|• Density||2.8/km2 (7.3/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC−5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−4 (EDT)|
This region is bathed by two major watercourses, Lac Saint-Jean and the Saguenay River, both of which mark its landscape deeply and have been the main drives of its development in history. It is also irrigated by several other large watercourses. Bordered by forests and mountainous massifs, the southern portion of the region constitutes a fertile enclave in the Canadian Shield called the Saguenay Graben. Both the scenery and the cultural sites and activities of Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean attract tourists every year. Lac Saint-Jean is a popular vacation destination in the summer for residents of the more urban regions of Quebec.
The population of the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region was 276,368 at the Canada 2016 Census, representing 3.5% of Quebec's population. It is concentrated primarily in three clusters: the city of Saguenay (pop. 144,746), the city of Alma (pop. 30,904) and the agglomeration of Roberval (pop. 10,227), Saint-Félicien (pop. 10,278) and Dolbeau-Mistassini (pop. 14,384). Saguenay, the region's largest city, is located slightly west of the fjord, mostly south of the river.
The flag was incorporated in 1938 on the centenary of the colonization by the first settlers in 1838. It was created by Mgr Victor Tremblay, a local historian. The 4 colors represent the 4 elements of the richness of Saguenay: The gray cross represents the aluminum, which is an important product of the local industry. The red border represents the labor of the inhabitants. Green at the top represents the forest and yellow at the bottom the agriculture.
Regional County Municipalities (2016 Census populations)
- Le Fjord-du-Saguenay Regional County Municipality (pop. 21,600)
- Lac-Saint-Jean-Est Regional County Municipality (pop. 52,741)
- Le Domaine-du-Roy Regional County Municipality (pop. 31,285)
- Maria-Chapdelaine Regional County Municipality (pop. 24,793)
- Saguenay (pop. 144,746)
Sources: Government of Quebec, Ministry of Municipal Affairs (MAMROT)
- Commission scolaire de la Jonquière
- Commission scolaire du Lac-Saint-Jean
- Commission scolaire du Pays-des-Bleuets (Maria-Chapdelaine, Le Domaine-du-Roy, Mashteuiatsh and Saint-Ludger-de-Milot).
- Commission scolaire des Rives-du-Saguenay
- "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Saguenay--Lac-Saint-Jean [Economic region], Quebec". Statistics Canada. Retrieved November 22, 2019.
- "Les Outils: Liste des Gentilés" (in French). Gouvernement du Quebec - Commission de Toponymie. Archived from the original on December 22, 2008.
- "La rivière et chemin du Royaume et terre du Saguenay". histoirequebec.qc.ca (in French). Archived from the original on October 25, 2007.
- "Histoire du Saguenay depuis les origines jusqu'à 1870". Our Roots / Nos Racines (in French). University of Calgary, Université Laval. Archived from the original on June 15, 2011.
- "(Code 2475) Census Profile". 2011 census. Statistics Canada. 2012.
- Luc-Vartan Baronian and Nelson Belley: Royaume du Saguenay (Quebec - Canada): Flag use in the Saguenay. 27 January 1997 and 12 January 1998. Retrieved on 16 July 2018.
- Allen, H. D. (May 1968). "Le Saguenay: Region in Transition". The Teachers' Magazine. Montreal: Provincial Association of Protestant Teachers of Quebec. XLVIII (242): 10.
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