Sadie Hawkins dance
In the United States and Canada, a Sadie Hawkins dance is a usually informal dance sponsored by a high school, middle school or college, in which the women invite the men. This is contrary to the custom of the men typically inviting the women to school dances such as prom in the spring and homecoming in the fall.
The Sadie Hawkins dance is named after the Li'l Abner comic strip character Sadie Hawkins, created by cartoonist Al Capp. In the strip, Sadie Hawkins Day fell on a given day in November (Capp never specified an exact date). The unmarried women of Dogpatch got to chase the bachelors and "marry up" with the ones that they caught. The event was introduced in a daily strip which ran on November 15, 1937. This is unlike most traditional dances in which the men invite the women.
In the U.S. and Canada, this concept was popularized by establishing dance events to which the woman invited a man of her choosing, instead of demurely waiting for a man to ask her. The first known such event was held on November 9, 1938.|Within a year, hundreds of similar events followed suit. By 1952, the event was reportedly celebrated at 40,000 known venues.and the tradition continues in many American high school and college campuses.
Other names may be used regionally:
- Coming Home Dance (Livonia, MI)
- Girls Ask Guys
- Ladies Choice Dance (San Antonio, TX)
- Morp or MORP, which is prom spelled backwards (Western U.S.)
- Sponge Dance (Dearborn, Michigan)
- Harvest (Rupert, Idaho)
- Jobs (Mankato, Minnesota)
- SnoDaze (Plymouth, Minnesota)
- Sadie's (California)
- Sweethearts (Northeast Ohio)
- Girls' Choice
- Tolo Dance (Pacific Northwest) The word comes from the University of Washington's Mortar Board, which began as an all-women's honor society called the "Tolo Club," from the Chinook word for success and achievement. To raise funds, the group held a dance where women asked men.
- Turnabout (Chicago, IL, Bettendorf, IA, Toledo, OH, and Evansville, Indiana) (MN)
- Vice-Versa (Metamora, Peoria or Washington, IL)
- Swing (Chillicothe, IL)
- TWIRP (The Woman Is Required (or Requested) to Pay)
- Vice Dances or Vice-Versa Dances referring to the usual custom of men inviting women
- W.P.A. (Women Pay All)
- Girls' Reverse
- Santa Switch (Evansville, Indiana)
- Backwards Dance (Southern California)
- King of Hearts Dance (Valparaiso, Indiana)
- Candy Cane Dance (Glen Ridge, NJ)
- Seahawkins (Reston, VA)
- Snowball (Gresham, OR)
Similar dance events
Similar dances, sometimes called Spinsters' Balls, have been organized for adults. The custom of holding Spinsters' Balls has spread outside the U.S., and exists in countries such as Australia. If held during the winter months, the Sadie Hawkins dance may be called the Snow Ball or some other wintry name. In a variation on pure Sadie Hawkins custom, a particular song may be designated a snowball dance by the DJ or master of ceremonies.
In that case, also known as "speed dancing" (because of its similarities to speed dating), the DJ picks two people to start dancing, usually to a slow dance. Periodically the DJ will shout, "snowball," signaling that the dancers must find new partners, thus increasing the number of partners on the floor. Half of the people asking new dancers to come to the floor will be girls asking boys, Sadie Hawkins-style. By the end of the song, most of the people at the dance are on the dance floor. The "snowball dance" is typically used to get the dancing started, as school dances can be notoriously slow to start. In some areas, people chosen to dance cannot refuse, thereby ensuring people get onto the dance floor, and thus the "snowball" gains momentum and grows.
- Lewis, Casey. "The History of Sadie Hawkins Dances". LiveAbout. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- "Sadie Hawkins Day". Li'l Abner. 13 February 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
- "Tolo Chapter History – University of Washington Mortar Board – Tolo Chapter".