SUSE Linux Enterprise
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES) is a Linux-based operating system developed by SUSE. It is designed for servers, mainframes, and workstations but can be installed on desktop computers for testing as well. Major versions are released at an interval of 3–4 years, while minor versions (called "Service Packs") are released about every 12 months. SUSE Linux Enterprise products, including SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, receive more intense testing than the openSUSE community product, with the intention that only mature, stable versions of the included components will make it through to the released enterprise product.
Enterprise Server 11 installation discs
|OS family||Linux (Unix-like)|
|Source model||Open source|
|Initial release||August 31, 2000|
|Latest release||15 / July 16, 2018|
|Marketing target||Commercial market (include mainframes, servers, workstations, supercomputers)|
|Package manager||RPM Package Manager|
|Platforms||IA-32, x86-64, s390x, PowerPC, aarch32, aarch64|
|Kernel type||Monolithic (Linux)|
|Default user interface||GNOME|
|License||GNU General Public License and various|
It is developed from a common code base with SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop and other SUSE Linux Enterprise products.
In March 2018, SUSE Product Manager Jay Kruemcke wrote in SUSE blog that SLES developers have ported SUSE Linux Enterprise Server to Raspberry Pi.
SLES was developed based on SUSE Linux by a small team led by Marcus Kraft and Bernhard Kaindl as principal developer who were supported by Joachim "Jos" Schröder. It was first released on October 31, 2000 as a version for IBM S/390 mainframe machines. In December 2000, the first enterprise client (Telia) was made public. In April 2001, the first SLES for x86 was released.
From a business perspective, SLES is not only a technical offering, but also has entangled a commercial offering (services and support). The initial business model was inspired by recurrent charges established in the mainframe world at this time, and innovated by Jürgen Geck and Malcom Yates. Based on customer needs and feedback as well as other evolving Linux based offerings the business model has been reworked by different people in the subsequent years until today.
SLES version 9 was released in August 2004. Service Pack 4 was released in December 2007. It was supported by hardware vendors including IBM, HP, Sun Microsystems, Dell, SGI, Lenovo, and Fujitsu Siemens Computers.
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 was released in July 2006, and is also supported by the major hardware vendors. Service pack 4 was released in April 2011. SLES 10 shared a common codebase with SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10—Novell's desktop distribution for business use—and other SUSE Linux Enterprise products.
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 was released on March 24, 2009 and included Linux kernel 2.6.27, Oracle Cluster File System Release 2, support for the OpenAIS cluster communication protocol for server and storage clustering, and Mono 2.0. SLES 11 SP1 (released May 2010) rebased the kernel version to 2.6.32. In February 2012, SLES 11 SP2 was released, based on kernel version 3.0.10. SLES 11 SP2 included a Consistent Network Device Naming feature for Dell servers.
The SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12 beta was made available on February 25, 2014, and the final version was released on October 27, 2014. SLES 12 SP1 was released on December 18, 2015. SP1 added Docker, Shibboleth, Network Teaming, and JeOS images. SP2 was released November 11, 2016. SP3 was released September 7, 2017.
- SuSE Linux Enterprise Server
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 7 (For first time, common codebase for all architectures (IA-32, Itanium, iSeries and pSeries, S/390 and zSeries 31-bit, zSeries 64-bit))
- Initial release, October 13, 2001
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 8
- Initial release, October 2002
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 9
- Initial release, 2004-08-03
- SP1, 2005-01-19
- SP2, 2005-07-07
- SP3, 2005-12-22
- SP4, 2007-12-12
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10
- Initial release, 2006-06-17
- SP1, 2007-06-18
- SP2, 2008-05-19
- SP3, 2009-10-12
- SP4, 2011-04-12
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11
- Initial release, 2009-03-24
- SP1, 2010-06-02
- SP2, 2012-02-15
- SP3, 2013-07-01
- SP4, 2015-07-16
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 12
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15
- Initial release, 2018-07-16
- SP1, 2019-06-24
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- SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 Beta 1 is available! - SUSE Communities
- SUSE Linux Enterprise 15 Reaches Beta: Using GNOME & Wayland, Linux 4.12 - Phoronix
- Suse Linux Enterprise 15 Bridges Traditional, Software-Defined Systems | Enterprise | LinuxInsider
- SUSE Linux Enterprise Server takes a big step forward | ZDNet
- Release Notes | SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 15 GA
- SLES Lifecycle Dates
- SLES Long Term Service Pack Support
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- kernel in SLES
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- Harris, Jeffrey; Mike Latimer (2005). Novell Open Enterprise Server Administrator's Handbook, SUSE LINUX Edition. Novell Press. ISBN 978-0-672-32749-0.