SS Oriana (1959)
SS Oriana was the last of the Orient Steam Navigation Company's ocean liners. She was built at Vickers-Armstrongs, Barrow-in-Furness, Cumbria, England and launched on 3 November 1959 by Princess Alexandra. Originally resplendent with her owners' traditional corn-coloured hull, Oriana appeared as an Orient Line ship until 1966, when that company was fully absorbed into the P&O group. Faced with unprofitable around-the-world passenger routes, the P&O white hulled Oriana was operated as a full-time cruise ship from 1973. Between 1981 and her retirement from service five years later, Oriana was based at Sydney, Australia, operating to Pacific Ocean and South-East Asian ports. Deemed surplus to P&O's requirements in early 1986, the vessel was sold to become a floating hotel and tourist attraction, first in Japan and later in China. As a result of damage sustained from a severe storm whilst in the port of Dalian in 2004, SS Oriana was finally sold to local breakers in 2005.
SS Oriana in Vava'u, Tonga
|Operator:||1960-1966, P&O-Orient Lines. 1966-1973, P&O Line, 1973-1986 P&O Cruises|
|Port of registry:||
|Route:||Southampton-Sydney via Suez, transpacific to US West Coast, occasional return via Panama Canal (1973 Cruising)|
|Laid down:||18 September 1957|
|Launched:||3 November 1959|
|Maiden voyage:||3 December 1960|
|Out of service:||27 March 1986|
|Fate:||Converted into a hotel ship in 1986. Service ended after ship sank at her berth after a storm in 2004 and was scrapped post refloating.|
|Tonnage:||41,910 gross tons|
|Beam:||(moulded) 97.1ft (30.5m)|
|Installed power:||80,000 horsepower|
|Capacity:||As built, 638 1st class, 1,496 tourist class (1973, 1,750 one class)|
|Crew:||As built, 980. (1973, 780)|
In May 1954 the Orient Steam Navigation Company began considering replacing SS Orontes and RMS Orion on the United Kingdom to Australia route. One ship was called for, named Orbustus in the early stages of planning, before Oriana was settled on - a reference to both the former Elizabeth I of England (who was nicknamed Oriana) and the recently crowned Queen Elizabeth II.
Oriana's maiden voyage was from Southampton to Sydney in December 1960, during this voyage the Oriana was the first Ocean liner to berth at the Fremantle Passenger Terminal. At 41,915 gross tons and with capacity for more than 2,000 passengers in two classes (first and tourist), Oriana was briefly the largest passenger liner in service on the UK to Australia and New Zealand route, until the introduction of the 45,733 ton SS Canberra in 1961. The Canberra could never match the Oriana for speed, however, the latter having achieved 30.64 knots during her pre-hand over trials in 1960 and held the Golden Cockerel trophy for the fastest ship in the P&O fleet which she retained until she retired in 1986, when it was handed back to the Canberra (in spite of the fact that Canberra's speed had by then been reduced to 23 knots). On Canberra's final cruise the Golden Cockerel was handed over to the new MV Oriana when both ships were anchored off Cannes and sent boats out to perform the handover.
In 1962, the Oriana collided with the USS Kearsarge (CVS-33), resulting in damage and an eventual court case with the United States government, Orient Steam Navigation Company v. United States.
In August 1970, the Oriana caught fire while steaming out of Southampton. This serious fire occurred when the Boiler Room caught fire at the beginning of its journey across the Atlantic on its way to USA, New Zealand, and Australia. Repairs took more than two weeks.
From 1973, Oriana was converted to operate as a one class cruise ship and from 1981 until retirement in March 1986 was based in Sydney. After a layup of two months at No. 21 Pyrmont wharf, Sydney, the ship was sold and moved to Osaka to become a floating hotel. The ship served as a floating museum at Beppu, Ōita from 1987 but this venture was ultimately not successful, and she was subsequently sold to Chinese interests in 1995. The ship served as a floating hotel and tourist attraction in Shanghai until 2002, when she was moved to Dalian. In 2004 Oriana was damaged in a storm. Repairs proved to be unfeasible and she was towed to a ship breakers yard and dismantled in 2005.
- P&O Heritage, Ship Fact Sheet, Oriana (1960)
- McCart. SS Oriana. p. 5.
- "Victoria Quay". Assessment document. Heritage Council of Western Australia. Archived from the original on 14 July 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2013.
- "Orient Steam Navigation Company v. United States, 231 F. Supp. 469 (S.D. Cal. 1964)". Justia Law. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
- "Sea Dogs Journal".
- "沿革". 大和リゾート株式会社. Retrieved 5 August 2013.
- Miller, William H. (2006). Doomed Ships: Great Ocean Liner Disasters. Dover. p. 115. ISBN 0-486-45366-9.
- McCart, Neil (1992). SS Oriana -The Last Great Orient Liner. Cheltenham: FAN Publications. ISBN 0-9519538-0-X.