SS Northeastern Victory
The SS Northeastern Victory was a cargo ship built during World War II, under the Emergency Shipbuilding program. The Northeastern Victory (MCV-735) was a type VC2-S-AP2 Victory ship built by Richmond Shipyards|Permanente Metals Corporation, Yard 2, of Richmond, California. The cargo ship was the 703rd ship built. The Ship was laid on March 28, 1945. The ship was christened on June 30, 1945. SS Northeastern Victory was an armed cargo ship named after a Northeastern University in Boston. She was built at the Oregon Shipbuilding yards in just 96 days. The 10,600-ton ship was constructed for the Maritime Commission. The American-Hawaiian SS Company operated her under the United States Merchant Marine act for the War Shipping Administration.
Typical Victory Ship.
|Name:||SS Northeastern Victory|
|Namesake:||Northeastern University in Boston|
|Owner:||War Shipping Administration|
|Operator:||American-Hawaiian SS Company|
|Builder:||Permanente Metals, plant No. 2|
|Laid down:||March 28, 1945|
|Launched:||May 7, 1945|
|Completed:||June 30, 1945|
|Fate:||Sank December 24, 1946 on Goodwin Sands.|
|Class and type:||VC2-S-AP3 Victory ship|
|Tonnage:||7612 GRT, 4,553 NRT|
|Length:||455 ft (139 m)|
|Beam:||62 ft (19 m)|
|Draught:||28 ft (8.5 m)|
|Installed power:||8,500 shp (6,300 kW)|
|Propulsion:||HP & LP turbines geared to a single 20.5-foot (6.2 m) propeller|
|Boats & landing |
|Complement:||62 Merchant Marine and 28 US Naval Armed Guards|
Victory ships were designed to supersede the earlier Liberty Ships. Unlike Liberty ships, Victory ships were designed to serve the U.S. Navy after the war and also last longer. The Victory ship differed from a Liberty ship in that they were: faster, longer and wider, taller, and had a thinner stack set farther toward the superstructure. They also had a long raised forecastle.
In 1946, after the conclusion of the war, Northeastern Victory was carrying supplies to U.S. troops deployed in Europe, to be delivered to Antwerp, Rotterdam and Bremen. Its food cargo comprised ten thousand cases of grapefruit, five thousand tons of flour, and a thousand tons of rice and cotton. During its journey, on Christmas Eve, about five miles from the South Foreland Lighthouse, the ship ran aground on the Goodwin Sands. The ship was travelling at peak velocity, and sustained severe damage to its engines. The South Foreland Lighthouse reportedly sent out warning shots prior to the accident, however, was unable to affect the direction or speed of the ship. Upon hearing the shots, the Walmer Lifeboat Station dispatched lifeboats carrying 36 crew members, which reached the ship at about 10 p.m.. The ship's captain, Captain Kohstrohs resolved to stay with the ship, as did many of the crew. The powerful gale, and the damage caused by the running aground, smashed the massive structure into two in merely a few hours, with the seven officers still on board. By Christmas morning, the two parts of the ship lay 100 feet apart. The Walmer lifeboat helped the remaining crew and officers out of the wreck. A salvage team labored to save as much of the cargo as possible. The first rescue team was Risdon Beazley Ltd of Southampton under Commander J. MacPhee, Salvage Officer Lloyds Agents at Dover, they were able to recover 1288 tons of the lead. Later the salvage steamer, Foremost, arrived from Swansea to assist in the salvage operations. The Northeastern Victory wreck was identifiable on the sands until a storm drove its masts under the waters in January 1995. .
- The SS Luray Victory made the same error and sank on the Goodwin Sands on January 30, 1946.
- Babcock & Wilcox (April 1944). "Victory Ships". Marine Engineering and Shipping Review.
- "SS American Victory Marines". trip advisor.
- shipbuildinghistory.com Victory ships
- lps/lessons/116liberty_victory_ships/116 setting.htm "Liberty Ships and Victory Ships --Setting the Stage" Check
|url=value (help). www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2017-03-17.
- Dover Express - Friday 03 January 1947
- The Argus, Melbourne, page 5, 26 Dec. 1946
- doverport.co.uk, Goodwin Sands Aggregate Dredging, Environmental Statement, 06 May 2016
- kenthistoryforum.com North Eastern Victory, February 14, 2011, and photo of wreck
- R. L. Cloet, "Hydrographic Analysis of the Goodwin Sands and the Brake Bank," The Geographical Journal, 120.2 (June 1954:203–215). Cloet demolished the story that the Goodwin Sands had been a low-lying island, identifying its hydrofoil shape formed by currents, and charting its anti-clockwise drift.
- Cloet, R. L. (1961). "Development of the Brake Bank". The Geographical Journal. 127 (3): 335–339. doi:10.2307/1794954. JSTOR 1794954.
- Sawyer, L.A. and W.H. Mitchell. Victory ships and tankers: The history of the ‘Victory’ type cargo ships and the tankers built in the United States of America during World War II, Cornell Maritime Press, 1974, 0-87033-182-5.
- United States Maritime Commission:
- Victory Cargo Ships