SS Navemar was a cargo steamship that was built in England in 1921, was Norwegian-owned until 1927 and then Spanish-owned for the rest of her career. An Italian submarine sank her in the Strait of Gibraltar in 1942.
|Port of registry:|
|Builder:||Newcastle upon Tyne, UK|
|Fate:||Sunk by torpedo in the Strait of Gibraltar, 23 January 1942|
|Class and type:||cargo ship|
|Length:||407.1 ft (124.1 m) p/p|
|Beam:||53.8 ft (16.4 m)|
|Draught:||30 ft 6 in (9.30 m)|
|Depth:||27.9 ft (8.5 m)|
|Installed power:||548 NHP|
The ship was 407.1 ft (124.1 m) long between perpendiculars, had a beam of 58.3 ft (17.8 m) and a draught of 30 ft 6 in (9.30 m). She had nine corrugated furnaces with a combined grate area of 183 square feet (17.0 m2) heating three single-ended boilers with a combined heating surface of 8,112 square feet (753.6 m2). Her boilers supplied steam at 180 lbf/in2 to a three-cylinder triple expansion steam engine of 548 NHP that drove a single screw.
In 1927 Ybarra y Compania of Seville bought the ship and renamed her Cabo Mayor. In 1932 Compañía Española de Navegación Marítima bought her and renamed her Navemar.
In 1937–38 Navemar was the subject of a court case in the United States between the Government of the Republic of Spain and the ship's crew, who were trying to prevent her from being requisitioned in the Spanish Civil War. The Supreme Court of the United States ruled in favour of the Spanish Government.
In 1941, the American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee (known as "The Joint") were desperate to rescue Jewish refugees from Germany, Austria and Czechoslovakia escaping Nazi persecution. Many held US visas that were about to expire. The Joint's agents directed them to Seville, where the Navemar had been privately chartered to make the transatlantic crossing. Tickets for the few passenger cabins sold at exorbitant prices. The captain vacated his cabin and charged $2,000 to all who could fit themselves into the small space. Bunks were fitted in the filthy cargo holds, which had previously carried coal. Although attempts were made to clean the ship, there was too little time to complete the task.
Navemar left Seville on 6 August 1941. She called at Lisbon in Portugal, where many of the visas were extended by the US Embassy. After calling at Havana in Cuba she reached New York on 12 September 1941. Many of the passengers had contracted typhus and six of them died in the seven-week crossing.
Subsequent career and fate
- "National Affairs: S.S. NEVERMORE". Time. 22 September 1941.
- Lloyd's Register, Steamers & Motorships (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register. 1941. Retrieved 20 May 2017.
- Swiggum, S; Kohli, M (4 July 2007). "Ybarra Line / Ybarra y Cia., Sevilla". The Ships List.
- "A collision near Marseilles". The Times (46324). London. 23 December 1932. col G, p. 19.
- "Casualty reports". The Times (46325). London. 24 December 1932. col F, p. 17.
The full text of The Navemar Compania Espanola De Navegacion Maritima Sa v. The Navemar/Opinion of the Court at Wikisource
- Agar 1960, p. 136.
- Seitel, Becky. "The Crossing". Jenny Fried Cohen. Birmingham Holocaust Education Center.
- "Bound for nowhere". From the Desk of Jeff King. Narrow Gate. 3 May 2004.
- Agar 1960, p. 137.
- Verbannte - Rare Book and Special Collections - LibGuides at University of Newcastle Library Archived 2011-08-20 at the Wayback Machine
- "Ernst Scheuer and Rosi Moses-Scheuer Collection". Center for Jewish History.
- Lettens, Jan; Vleggert, Nico. "SS Navemar (+1942)". Wrecksite.
- "Regio Sommergibile Barbarigo". Grupsom (in Italian). Gugliemo Lepre.
- Agar, Herbert (1960). The Saving Remnant: An Account Of Survival. New York: The Viking Press. p. 136.
- "Search Results – Record View: navemar". Archives. American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee. archival holdings of deposit cards of passengers on Navemar
- Lange, Leonora. "Guide to the S.S. Navemar – Saul Sperling Collection". Leo Baeck Institute. Collection contains lawyer Saul Sperling's notes and correspondence on the suit brought by passengers against the owners of Navemar after she reached New York in September 1941.