SS Loreto (1912)
SS Loreto, formerly Astrée, was a 1,069 GRT cargo steamship that was built in England in 1912 for French owners and bought in 1933 by Italian owners who renamed her Loreto. In 1942 a Royal Navy submarine sank her in the Tyrrhenian Sea, killing 130 British Indian Army prisoners of war who were aboard.
|Port of registry:|
|Builder:||Sunderland Shipbuilding Co, Sunderland|
|Fate:||sunk by torpedo, 1942|
|Length:||223.0 ft (68.0 m)|
|Beam:||33.0 ft (10.1 m)|
|Depth:||13.8 ft (4.2 m)|
|Installed power:||127 NHP|
|Propulsion:||3-cylinder triple-expansion steam engine; single screw|
|Speed:||11 knots (20 km/h)|
Building and career
The Sunderland Shipbuilding Company of Sunderland, County Durham built the ship in 1912 as Astrée for G Lamy et Compagnie of Caen, France. She was managed for G Lamy by the Société Navale Caennaise. In 1933 Italian owners bought her, renamed her Loreto and appointed Lauro Lines to manage her. She passed through at least two individual owners until by 1937 Lauro Lines itself owned the ship.
The ship had a three-cylinder triple-expansion steam engine built by the North Eastern Marine Engineering Company of Newcastle. It developed 127 NHP, drove a single screw and gave the ship a speed of 11 knots (20 km/h).
On 13 October 1942 Loreto was in the Tyrrhenian Sea about 8 nautical miles (15 km) west of Capo Gallo, near Palermo, Sicily. At 1732 hrs the British U-class submarine HMS Unruffled torpedoed and sank her, killing 130 British Indian Army POWs who were on the cargo ship. Unruffled may not have received the signal, or she may not have identified Loreto before firing.
- Sebastiano Veniero, an Italian merchant ship that a Royal Navy submarine sank in December 1941, killing at least 300 UK and Dominion PoWs.
- Nino Bixio, an Italian cargo ship that a Royal Navy submarine sank in August 1942, killing 336 UK, Dominion and Allied PoWs.
- Scillin, an Italian cargo ship that a Royal Navy submarine sank in November 1942, killing 830 Allied PoWs.
- Vleeggert, Nico (12 March 2014). "SS Loreto (+1942)". WreckSite. wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- Lloyd's Register, Steamships and Motor Ships (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register. 1932. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- Lloyd's Register, Steamships and Motor Ships (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register. 1933. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- Lloyd's Register, Steamships and Motor Ships (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register. 1935. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- Lloyd's Register, Steamships and Motor Ships (PDF). London: Lloyd's Register. 1937. Retrieved 21 September 2014.
- Greene & Massignani 1994, p. 183
- Greene, Jack; Massignani, Alessandro (1994). Rommel's North Africa Campaign: September 1940–November 1942. Cambridge, MA: Perseus Books Group. p. 183. ISBN 1-58097-018-4.