SS Lichtenfels was one of the world's first modern heavy lift ship, built for DDG Hansa in 1929. She was equipped with a 120 t (118 long tons; 132 short tons) boom crane capable of lifting fully assembled locomotives, which were shipped to India.
|Port of registry:||
|Builder:||Deschimag Werk A.G (Bremen, Germany)|
|Launched:||12 June 1929|
|Fate:||Scuttled in Massawa on 4 April 1941, wreck raised and scrapped 1950|
|Length:||160.45 m (526.4 ft)|
|Beam:||18.94 m (62.1 ft)|
|Draught:||8.49 m (27.9 ft)|
|Speed:||13.7 knots (25.4 km/h)|
In the 1920s, DDG Hansa recognised a demand for the delivery of fully assembled locomotives to India and as a result commissioned SS Lichtenfels from Deschimag Werk A.G. On 25 October 1939, while off the Port Sudan Lichtenfels was ordered to Massawa in Italian Eritrea. She remained here for 18 months, along with nine other German merchant ships: Bertram Rickmers, Coburg, Crefeld, Liebenfels, Oder, Oliva, Wartenfels, Frauenfels and Gera during the East African campaign. She was scuttled on 4 April 1941 along with other German and Italian merchant ships in an effort to block the use of the harbour. She was finally raised for scrap in 1950.
As demand for locomotives from India increased, DDG Hansa also commissioned three sister ships: Freienfels (1929), Geierfels (1931) and Uhenfels (1931).
- "Lichtenfels". DDG Hansa:. Retrieved 15 November 2013.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- Raymond Fisch, "The Roots of Heavy Lift Shipping", Anchored by Excellence (BBC Chartering Group) 1 (2011) pp. 10–13 (pdf) p. 10 (based on Holger Patzer, Die zusammengefasste Geschichte der D.D.G. „Hansa" (1881–1980), ddg-hansa.de, December 2005 (in German))
- "Naval Events, April 1941, Part 1 of 2, Tuesday 1st – Monday 14th". Naval History. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
- "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS 1930-31" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
- "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS 1934-35" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 18 November 2013.