SS Lake Illawarra

SS Lake Illawarra was a handysize bulk carrier of 7,274 tons in the service of the Australian National Line shipping company. This ship is known for causing the Tasman Bridge disaster when she collided with pylon 19 of Hobart's giant high concrete arch style Tasman Bridge on the evening of 5 January 1975 at 9.27 pm,[1][2][3] resulting in the deaths of 12 people.

SS Lake Illawarra
History
Australia
Name: Lake Illawarra
Operator: Australian Coastal Shipping Commission (later renamed Australian National Line)
Builder: BHP at Whyalla, South Australia
Launched: 1958
Out of service: 1975
Fate: Sank after colliding with Tasman Bridge, Hobart on 5 January 1975
General characteristics
Type: Steel bulk ore carrier
Tonnage: 7,274 GT
Length: 139.8 m (459 ft)
Beam: 18 m (59 ft)
Propulsion: Steam turbine
Speed: 12 kn (14 mph)

Ship details

Lake Illawarra was built by the Broken Hill Proprietary Company (now BHP) in Whyalla, South Australia.[4] Her keel was laid in June 1956, and she was launched on 28 September 1957.[4] She was delivered from the shipyard on 28 March 1958.[4] Lake Illawarra measured 7,274 GT and 10,380 DWT, with a length of 139.8 metres (459 ft) and a beam of 18 metres (59 ft).[4] She was powered by a steam turbine that drove a single propeller and gave her a speed of 12.5 knots (14.4 mph).[4]

Collision and sinking

Lake Illawarra was loaded with zinc concentrate, for the Electrolytic Zinc Company (more recently known as Zinifex and OZ Minerals) refinery (now run by Nyrstar) at Risdon, about 3 nautical miles (5.6 km; 3.5 mi) up the River Derwent from the bridge.[2]

Just before the impact, Captain Boleslaw Pelc realised as he passed Rosny Point that he was off course, and traveling too fast. He tried to correct the heading, but only managed to bring the bows too far to port (left) and was now heading for the western shore. He urgently counter-corrected, but could not make the opening. Realising he was headed for a collision, he ordered the engines full astern, but the torque from her propeller caused the ship to slide in a broadside movement. She smashed into the 18th and 19th pylons.[1]

The collision brought down the two support pylons and a 127-metre (417 ft) section of steel and concrete.[3] There was evening traffic on the bridge, and although no vehicles were on the section that fell, four cars drove off the gap, with five people killed.[3] Two cars stopped on the edge, their occupants able to escape.[3] The section of four-lane highway landed on the ship's deck, sinking her in 35 metres (115 ft) of water to the south of the bridge. Seven of the ship's crew lost their lives in the accident.[1][3]

The ship and the debris pile were deemed unsafe to move; the ship's oil was pumped out, and the bow was removed at a later date.[1] The wreck is deep enough not to be a navigational hazard.[5]

The subsequent Court of Marine Inquiry found that Lake Illawarra was capable of passing beneath the bridge's central navigation span, but the captain instead attempted to pass through one of the eastern spans, due to a combination of strong tidal currents and inattention.[1][6] The Court found that Pelc had not handled Lake Illawarra in a proper and seamanlike manner, and suspended his master's certificate for six months.[1] A pilot service was introduced in response to the court's findings.[6]

Memorial

A memorial plague is dedicated to the SS Lake Illawarra at the Tasmanian Seafarers' Memorial at Triabunna on the east coast of Tasmania, approximately 80 kilometres (50 mi) north-east of Hobart.[7]

The plaque contains the following text:

S.S. "Lake Illawarra"

5.1.1975 on Derwent River, Hobart
7274 ton steam turbine bulk carrier
crew of 42, cargo 10,000 tons of zinc
collided with Tasman Bridge and sank
causing loss of 7 crew*, 5 motorists.
A.Campbell*, A.Robinson*, C.Maddigan*
L.Mendizabel*, T.Sheridan*, R.Rezek
J.Stokoe, A.Sward, P.Sward
Missing G.Kemp*, R.Turner*, Dr T.Jones
~[8]

References

  1. "Shipwrecks of Tasmania". Retrieved 20 August 2007.
  2. "Feature Article – The Tasman bridge". 1301.6 – Tasmanian Year Book, 2000. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 13 September 2002. Retrieved 4 April 2007.
  3. "Tasman Bridge disaster". Clarence City Council. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2007.
  4. "Lake Illawarra (5202562)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 5 January 2019.
  5. Steven Dally (8 December 1995). "SAFE For another 70 years". The Mercury. Archived from the original on 25 April 2007. Retrieved 4 April 2007.
  6. "Hobart, Tas: Bridge Collapse". Attorney General's Department-Emergency Management Australia. Archived from the original on 7 October 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2007.
  7. "Lake Illawarra (1975)". seafarersmemorial.org.au. Tasmanian Seafarers' Memorial. Retrieved 26 February 2017.
  8. S.S. "Lake Illawarra" (Memorial plaque). Triabunna, Tasmania: Tasmanian Seafarers' Memorial.

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