SS J. H. Drummond
SS J. H. Drummond was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II. She was named after James Hubert Drummond, the former mayor of St. Andrews, Florida, now part of Panama City, Florida.
|Name:||J. H. Drummond|
|Namesake:||James Hubert Drummond|
|Owner:||War Shipping Administration (WSA)|
|Operator:||American Export Lines, Inc.|
|Ordered:||as type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MC hull 2309|
|Builder:||J.A. Jones Construction, Panama City, Florida|
|Laid down:||19 May 1944|
|Launched:||22 June 1944|
|Sponsored by:||Grace Edith Drummond|
|Completed:||15 July 1944|
|Fate:||Laid up in National Defense Reserve Fleet, Hudson River Group, 23 May 1946|
|Status:||Sold for commercial use, 27 November 1946|
|Name:||Hugo de Groot|
|Namesake:||Hugo de Groot|
|Operator:||Nederland N.V. Stoomv. Maats, Amsterdam (1947–1950)|
|Acquired:||27 November 1946|
|Owner:||Amsterdam N.V. Reederij, Amsterdam|
|Owner:||International Navigation Corp.|
|Operator:||Wm. H. Muller, London|
|Notes:||Reflagged for Panama, 1961|
|Owner:||Cia. Eleosa Nav|
|Operator:||Kronos Shipping Co., London|
|Fate:||Ran aground, 25 July 1966|
|Status:||Refloated, declared constructive total loss (CTL), scrapped|
|Class and type:||
|Beam:||57 feet (17 m)|
|Draft:||27 ft 9.25 in (8.4646 m)|
|Speed:||11.5 knots (21.3 km/h; 13.2 mph)|
J. H. Drummond was laid down on 25 May 1944, under a Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MC hull 2309, by J.A. Jones Construction, Panama City, Florida; she was sponsored by Grace Edith Drummond, the widow of the namesake, and launched on 30 June 1944.
She was allocated to American Export Lines, Inc., on 20 July 1944. On 23 May 1946, she was laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, in the Hudson River Group. On 25 July 1947, she was sold to the Netherlands, for commercial use. She was renamed Hugo de Groot and sailed under a Dutch flag until 1960, when she was sold to International Navigation Corp., and reflagged for Liberia, and renamed Severn River. On 25 July 1966, after having been sold to Cia Eleosa Nav., and reflagged for Panama, and renamed Angelic, she ran aground off Nojima Saki, Chiba, Japan, in fog. She was refloated but declared a constructive total loss (CTL) and later scrapped at Yokosuka, Japan.
- "Jones Construction, Panama City FL". www.ShipbuildingHistory.com. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "Liberty Ships – World War II". Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- Maritime Administration. "J. H. Drummond". Ship History Database Vessel Status Card. U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- Davies, James (May 2004). "Specifications (As-Built)" (PDF). p. 23. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "SS J. H. Drummond". Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- Womack, Marlene (13 April 2013). "OUT OF THE PAST: Bay, Washington counties split". Panama City News Herald. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
- "He Put Panama City On the Gulf". Wainwright Liberator. 2 (50). 1 July 1944. Retrieved 23 December 2017.