SS J. H. Drummond

SS J. H. Drummond was a Liberty ship built in the United States during World War II. She was named after James Hubert Drummond, the former mayor of St. Andrews, Florida, now part of Panama City, Florida.[3]

United States
Name: J. H. Drummond
Namesake: James Hubert Drummond
Owner: War Shipping Administration (WSA)
Operator: American Export Lines, Inc.
Ordered: as type (EC2-S-C1) hull, MC hull 2309
Builder: J.A. Jones Construction, Panama City, Florida
Cost: $1,017,951[1]
Yard number: 50
Way number: 3
Laid down: 19 May 1944
Launched: 22 June 1944
Sponsored by: Grace Edith Drummond
Completed: 15 July 1944
Fate: Laid up in National Defense Reserve Fleet, Hudson River Group, 23 May 1946
Status: Sold for commercial use, 27 November 1946
Name: Hugo de Groot
Namesake: Hugo de Groot
Owner: Netherlands
Operator: Nederland N.V. Stoomv. Maats, Amsterdam (1947–1950)
Acquired: 27 November 1946
Fate: Sold, 1950
Name: Amstelpark
Namesake: Amstelpark
Owner: Amsterdam N.V. Reederij, Amsterdam
Acquired: 1950
Fate: Sold, 1960
Liberia Panama
Name: Severn River
Namesake: River Severn
Owner: International Navigation Corp.
Operator: Wm. H. Muller, London
Acquired: 1960
Fate: Sold, 1965
Notes: Reflagged for Panama, 1961
Name: Angelic
Owner: Cia. Eleosa Nav
Operator: Kronos Shipping Co., London
Acquired: 1950
Fate: Ran aground, 25 July 1966
Status: Refloated, declared constructive total loss (CTL), scrapped
General characteristics [2]
Class and type:
  • 441 feet 6 inches (135 m) oa
  • 416 feet (127 m) pp
  • 427 feet (130 m) lwl
Beam: 57 feet (17 m)
Draft: 27 ft 9.25 in (8.4646 m)
Installed power:
  • 2 × Oil fired 450 °F (232 °C) boilers, operating at 220 psi (1,500 kPa)
  • 2,500 hp (1,900 kW)
Speed: 11.5 knots (21.3 km/h; 13.2 mph)
  • 562,608 cubic feet (15,931 m3) (grain)
  • 499,573 cubic feet (14,146 m3) (bale)


J. H. Drummond was laid down on 25 May 1944, under a Maritime Commission (MARCOM) contract, MC hull 2309, by J.A. Jones Construction, Panama City, Florida; she was sponsored by Grace Edith Drummond, the widow of the namesake, and launched on 30 June 1944.[4][1][5][3]


She was allocated to American Export Lines, Inc., on 20 July 1944. On 23 May 1946, she was laid up in the National Defense Reserve Fleet, in the Hudson River Group. On 25 July 1947, she was sold to the Netherlands, for commercial use. She was renamed Hugo de Groot and sailed under a Dutch flag until 1960, when she was sold to International Navigation Corp., and reflagged for Liberia, and renamed Severn River. On 25 July 1966, after having been sold to Cia Eleosa Nav., and reflagged for Panama, and renamed Angelic, she ran aground off Nojima Saki, Chiba, Japan, in fog. She was refloated but declared a constructive total loss (CTL) and later scrapped at Yokosuka, Japan. [6][7]



  • "Jones Construction, Panama City FL". 13 October 2010. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  • "Liberty Ships – World War II". Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  • Maritime Administration. "J. H. Drummond". Ship History Database Vessel Status Card. U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  • Davies, James (May 2004). "Specifications (As-Built)" (PDF). p. 23. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  • "SS J. H. Drummond". Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  • Womack, Marlene (13 April 2013). "OUT OF THE PAST: Bay, Washington counties split". Panama City News Herald. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  • "He Put Panama City On the Gulf". Wainwright Liberator. 2 (50). 1 July 1944. Retrieved 23 December 2017.

This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.