SS Empire Galahad

SS Empire Galahad was a refrigerated cargo ship built in 1942 and scrapped in 1967. She was also called SS Celtic Star (1946), SS Murillo (1946–52), SS Bogliasco (1952–54), MV Bogliasco (1954–63) and MV Ocean Peace (1963–67). She was scrapped in Taiwan in 1967.

Murillo, seen here sometime between 1946 and 1952, was a later name of Empire Galahad.
History
Name:
  • SS Empire Galahad (1942–46)
  • SS Celtic Star (1946),
  • SS Murillo (1946–52)
  • SS Bogliasco (1952–54)
  • MV Bogliasco (1954–63)
  • MV Ocean Peace (1963–67)
Namesake:
Owner:
  • MoWT (1942–46),
  • Blue Star Line (1946),
  • Lamport and Holt Line (1946–52)
  • Industriale Maritime, Genoa (1952–63)
  • Ocean Shipping & Enterprises (1963–67)
Operator:
  • Blue Star Line (1942–52)
  • Thereafter owner-operated.
Port of registry:
  • Greenock (1942–52)
  • Genoa (1952–63)
  • Panama (1963–67)
Builder: Lithgows, Port Glasgow
Yard number: 970
Launched: 18 May 1942
Completed: July 1942
Out of service: 13 September 1967
Identification:
  • UK official number 168985 (1942–52)
  • call sign BDYN (1942–52)
Fate: Scrapped at Kaohsiung, Taiwan, 1967
General characteristics
Tonnage:
  • 7,046 GRT
  • tonnage under deck
  • 4,230 NRT
  • 9,170 dwt
Length: 432.2 ft (131.7 m)
Beam: 56.2 ft (17.1 m)
Draught: 36 ft 10 in (11.23 m)
Depth: 34.2 ft (10.4 m)
Propulsion:
Speed: 10.5 knots (19.4 km/h)
Sensors and
processing systems:
Armament: DEMS (1942–45)

Background

The Empire ships were civilian vessels in the service of the British Government. Their names were all prefixed with "Empire". Mostly they were used during World War II by the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT), who owned the ships but contracted out their management to various shipping lines. Some ships requisitioned during the Suez Crisis were also given the Empire prefix. They were acquired from a number of sources. Many were built for the MoWT, others obtained from the United States, still others were captured or seized from enemy powers.

History

Empire Galahad was built by Lithgows in Port Glasgow for the MoWT. She was launched on Monday 18 May 1942[1] and completed in July.[2] Empire Galahad spent the war years under the management of Blue Star Line.[3]

War service

Empire Galahad was a member of the following convoys:

  • SL 123, which sailed from Freetown, Sierra Leone on 23 September 1942 and arrived in the UK on 13 October 1942.[4]
  • SC 122, which sailed from New York on 5 March 1943 and arrived at Liverpool on 24 March. Empire Galahad was carrying general cargo, meat and a passenger. She joined this convoy from convoy HX 228.[5][6]
  • MKS 22, which sailed from Freetown on 14 August 1943 and arrived at Liverpool on 6 September. Empire Galahad was carrying a refrigerated cargo and also linseed.[7][8]
  • SL 143, which sailed from Freetown, Sierra Leone on 12 December 1943 and arrived in the UK on 5 January 1944.[9]
  • SL 157, which sailed from Freetown, Sierra Leone on 1 May 1944 and arrived in the UK on 23 May 1944.[10]
  • SL 169, which sailed from Freetown, Sierra Leone on 29 August 1944 and arrived in the UK on 16 September 1944.[11]
  • MKS 74, which sailed from Mediterranean on 31 December 1944 and arrived in the UK on 8 January 1945.[12]
  • KMS 83, which sailed from Liverpool on 6 February 1945 and arrived at Gibraltar on 12 February. Empire Galahad was in ballast, and sailed from Milford Haven, with an eventual destination of the River Plate She was armed with a 4.7 inches (120 mm) gun and eight machine guns.[13]

Post war

In 1946 she was bought by Blue Star and renamed Celtic Star, being quickly sold to Lamport and Holt Line and renamed Murillo, the second Lamport and Holt ship to carry that name. In 1952 she was sold to Industriale Maritime and renamed Bogliasco, sailing under the Italian flag. In 1954, the original triple-expansion steam engine made by J G Kincaid of Glasgow was replaced with a six-cylinder two-stroke single cycle single-acting marine Diesel engine made by Cantieri Riuniti dell' Adriatico, Trieste.[3] She served for a total of nine years before being sold to Ocean Shipping & Enterprises in 1963 and being renamed Ocean Peace, sailing under the Panamanian flag . She was sold for scrap in 1967, and arrived at Kaohsiung, Taiwan for scrapping on 12 September 1967.[1][14]

Official number and call sign

Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers.

Empire Galahad had the UK official number 168985 and used the call sign BDYN.[15]

References

  1. "MV Empire Galahad". Shipping Times. Retrieved 25 March 2008.
  2. "1168985". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 16 December 2008.
  3. "Lamport & Holts' S.S. "Murillo" 2". Blue Star Line on the Web. Retrieved 24 October 2008.
  4. "Item details—ADM 199/2189/17—Convoy number SL123 from Sierra Leone (Freetown) to UK". The Catalogue. The National Archives. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
  5. "Convoy SC.122". Convoyweb.org. Retrieved 24 March 2008.
  6. "Item details—ADM 199/2189/114—Convoy number SC122 from Convoy number SC122 from Sydney (Cape Breton) or Halifax or New York to UK (slow)". The Catalogue. The National Archives. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
  7. "Convoy SL.135 / MKS.22". Convoyweb.org. Retrieved 24 March 2008.
  8. "Item details—ADM 199/2190/38—Convoy number SL135 from Sierra Leone (Freetown) to UK". The Catalogue. The National Archives. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
  9. "Item details—ADM 199/2190/122—Convoy number SL143 from Sierra Leone (Freetown) to UK". The Catalogue. The National Archives. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
  10. "Item details—ADM 199/2190/122—Convoy number SL157 from Sierra Leone (Freetown) to UK". The Catalogue. The National Archives. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
  11. "Item details—ADM 199/2192/57—Convoy number SL169 from Sierra Leone (Freetown) to UK". The Catalogue. The National Archives. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
  12. "Item details—ADM 199/2193/59—Convoy number MKS74 from Mediterranean to UK (slow, military)". The Catalogue. The National Archives. Retrieved 11 November 2009.
  13. "Convoy OS.109/KMS.83". Convoyweb.org. Retrieved 24 March 2008.
  14. "Lamport and Holt Line". Merchant Navy Officers.com. Retrieved 24 March 2008.
  15. Lloyd's Register, Steamers and Motorships (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. 1941. Retrieved 31 January 2009.


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