SS Empire Frost

Empire Frost was a 7,005 GRT cargo ship which was built in 1940 by Lithgows, Port Glasgow for the Ministry of War Transport. She was bombed and sunk in St Georges Channel on 13 March 1941 on the return leg of her maiden voyage.

History
United Kingdom
Name: Empire Frost
Owner: Ministry of War Transport
Operator: G Heyn & Sons Ltd
Port of registry: Greenock
Builder: Lithgows
Yard number: 939
Launched: 2 September 1940
Completed: December 1940
Maiden voyage: 11 January 1941
Out of service: 13 March 1941
Identification: United Kingdom Official Number 166992
Fate: Bombed and sunk
General characteristics
Class and type: Cargo ship
Tonnage: 7,005 GRT, 5,129 NRT
Length:

432 ft 2 in (131.72 m)

overall
Beam: 56 ft 1 in (17.09 m)
Depth: 34 ft 2 in (10.41 m)
Installed power: Triple expansion steam engine
Propulsion: Single screw propeller
Location where Empire Frost was bombed and sunk

Description

The ship was 432 ft 2 in (131.72 m) overall,with a beam of 56 ft 2 in (17.12 m). She had a depth of 34 ft 2 in (10.41 m). She was assessed at 7,005 GRT, 5,129 NRT,.[1]

The ship was propelled by a triple expansion steam engine.The engine was built by Rankine & Blackmore, Greenock. It drove a single screw propeller.[1]

History

The ship was built as yard number 939 by Lithgows, Port Glasgow for the Ministry of War Transport. She was launched on 2 September 1940 and completed on December. Empire Frost was allocated the United Kingdom Official Number 166992. Her port of registry was Greenock and she was operated under the management of G Heyn & Sons Ltd, Greenock.[1]

Empire Frost departed from the Clyde on 11 January 1941 on her maiden voyage. She joined Convoy OB 272,[2] which had departed from Liverpool the previous day and dispersed at sea on 14 January.[3] Her destination was Baltimore, Maryland, United States where she arrived on 30 January.[2] She loaded a cargo of wheat,[4] and sailed on 11 February for Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, arriving on 16 February.[2] She departed on 18 February with Convoy SC 23, which was bound for Loch Ewe.[4]

On 12 March 1941, Empire Frost was bombed whilst in St Georges Channel.[5] Severely damaged,[6] she was taken in tow the next day by the Dutch tug Seine,[1][5] but was bombed and sunk by Heinkel He 111 aircraft of Kampfgeschwader 27,[6] with the loss of six of her crew. Those lost on Empire Frost are commemmorated on the Tower Hill Memorial in London.[7]

References

  1. "Empire Frost". Caledonian Maritime Heritage Trust. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  2. "EMPIRE FROST". Convoyweb. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  3. "Convoy OB.272". Convoyweb. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  4. "Convoy SC.23". Convoyweb. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  5. Mitchell, W H, and Sawyer, L A (1995). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press Ltd. p. not cited. ISBN 1-85044-275-4.
  6. "Seekreig 1941 März" (in German). Württembergische Landesbibliothek Stuttgart. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
  7. "Empire Eve to Empire Ghyll". Brian Davis. Retrieved 31 March 2019.
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