SS Empire Antelope
Empire Antelope was a 4,782 ton cargo ship which was built as Ophis in 1919. She was renamed Bangu in 1928. In 1941 she was renamed Empire Antelope. She was sunk by the German submarine U-402 on 2 November 1942.
|Port of registry:|
|Builder:||Todd Dockyard and Construction Corporation, Tacoma|
|Launched:||30 July 1919|
|Completed:||5 August 1919|
|In service:||30 September 1919|
|Fate:||Sunk 2 November 1942|
|Length:||380 ft 5 in (115.95 m)|
|Beam:||53 ft 1 in (16.18 m)|
|Depth:||27 ft (8.23 m)|
|Propulsion:||1 x triple expansion steam engine (Todd Dry Dock & Construction Co, Tacoma) 339 hp (253 kW)|
|Speed:||10 knots (19 km/h)|
|Complement:||42 crew (plus 8 DEMS gunners)|
Ophis was built by Todd Dry Dock and Construction Corporation, Tacoma as yard number 9. She was allocated United States Shipping Board hull number 2630. She was launched on 30 July 1919 and completed on 5 August 1919. Delivery was on 30 September 1919. Ophis was powered by a triple expansion steam engine and could make 10 knots.
She was owned by the United States Shipping Board. In March 1920, Maritime Salvors Ltd, London reported that they had been involved in the salvage of Ophis. On 29 November 1920, Ophis came to the rescue of the Norwegian 3-masted barque Hebe, which had been dismasted off the Azores, Portugal. Hebe was towed in to Fayal. In 1928, she was renamed Bangu On 26 January 1931, she lost her propeller 200 nautical miles (370 km) south of Bahía Blanca, Argentina. She was passed to the United States Maritime Commission in 1937, and laid up as part of the reserve fleet. In 1941, Bangu passed to the Ministry of War Transport and was renamed Empire Antelope.
Empire Antelope was a member of a number of convoys during World War II.
- SC 77
- SC 94
Convoy SC 94 departed Sydney, Nova Scotia on 31 July 1942. Five ships from the convoy were torpedoed by simultaneous attacks of U-176 and U-379 at 13:25Z on 8 August. Detonations of the five sinking ships caused hasty abandonment of three additional ships (including Empire Antelope) whose crews believed they had been torpedoed. Empire Antelope's crewmen reboarded their slightly damaged ship and arrived at Liverpool on 13 August.
- SC 107
Empire Antelope departed New York City on 24 October 1942 with 5,560 tons of general cargo as a member of Convoy SC 107. At 08:04 hrs (CET) on 2 November 1942, the German submarine U-402, captained by Baron Siegfried von Forstner, fired torpedoed and sank Empire Antelope at 52°26′N 45°22′W. All fifty crew members were saved by the convoy rescue ship SS Stockport and landed at Reykjavík, Iceland, on 8 November 1942.
Official number and code letters
Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers.
Bangu used the US Official Number 219009 and the Code Letters LTDP. Empire Antelope used the UK Official Number 168205 and the Code Letters BCGT.
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- "2219009". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
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- "Maritime Salvors Ltd". The Times (42351). London. 5 March 1920. col A-C, p. 25.
- "Mails and Shipping, Casualty Reports". The Times (42582). London. 1 December 1920. col D, p. 22.
- "Mails and Shipping, Casualty Reports". The Times (45732). London. 28 January 1931. col E, p. 22.
- "Empire Antelope". U-boat.net. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
- "CONVOY ON (S) 37". Warsailors. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
- "CONVOY SC 77". Warsailors. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
- Hague, Arnold (2000). The Allied Convoy System 1939–1945. Naval Institute Press. p. 135&137. ISBN 1-55750-019-3.
- Milner, Marc (1985). North Atlantic Run. Naval Institute Press. p. 145. ISBN 0-87021-450-0.
- "EMPIRE ANTELOPE". Ubootwaffe. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
- "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
- "LLOYD'S REGISTER, NAVIRES A VAPEUR ET A MOTEURS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 2 January 2009.