SM UC-10

SM UC-10 was a German Type UC I minelayer submarine or U-boat in the German Imperial Navy (German: Kaiserliche Marine) during World War I. The U-boat was ordered on 14 November 1914 and was launched on 15 July 1915. She was commissioned into the German Imperial Navy on 17 July 1915 as SM UC-10.[Note 1] Mines laid by UC-10 in her 30 patrols were credited with sinking 17 ships. UC-10 was torpedoed and sunk on 21 August 1916 by British submarine E54 at position 52°02′N 03°54′E.[1]

History
German Empire
Name: UC-10
Ordered: 14 November 1914[1]
Builder: AG Vulcan, Hamburg[2]
Yard number: 54[1]
Launched: 15 July 1915[1]
Commissioned: 17 July 1915[1]
Fate: sunk by HMS E54, 21 August 1916[1]
General characteristics [3]
Class and type: German Type UC I submarine
Displacement:
  • 168 t (165 long tons), surfaced
  • 183 t (180 long tons), submerged
Length:
Beam: 3.15 m (10 ft 4 in)
Draft: 3.04 m (10 ft)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 6.20 knots (11.48 km/h; 7.13 mph), surfaced
  • 5.22 knots (9.67 km/h; 6.01 mph), submerged
Range:
  • 780 nmi (1,440 km; 900 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph) surfaced
  • 50 nmi (93 km; 58 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth: 50 m (160 ft)
Complement: 14
Armament:
  • 6 × 100 cm (39 in) mine tubes
  • 12 × UC 120 mines
  • 1 × 8 mm (0.31 in) machine gun
Service record[1]
Part of:
  • Flandern Flotilla
  • 19 December 1915 – 21 August 1916
Commanders:
  • Oblt.z.S. Ernst Rosenow
  • 17 July – 3 November 1915
  • Oblt.z.S. Max Viebeg
  • 4 November – 8 December 1915
  • Oblt.z.S. Alfred Nitzsche
  • 9 December 1915 – 13 June 1916
  • Oblt.z.S. Reinhold Saltzwedel
  • 14–26 June 1916
  • Oblt.z.S. Werner Albrecht
  • 27 June – 21 August 1916
Operations: 30 patrols
Victories:
  • 17 merchant ships sunk (30,669 GRT)
  • 5 merchant ships damaged (16,627 GRT)
  • 1 warship sunk (335 tons)

Design

A German Type UC I submarine, UC-10 had a displacement of 168 tonnes (165 long tons) when at the surface and 183 tonnes (180 long tons) while submerged. She had a length overall of 33.99 m (111 ft 6 in), a beam of 3.15 m (10 ft 4 in), and a draught of 3.04 m (10 ft). The submarine was powered by one Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft six-cylinder, four-stroke diesel engine producing 90 metric horsepower (66 kW; 89 shp), an electric motor producing 175 metric horsepower (129 kW; 173 shp), and one propeller shaft. She was capable of operating at depths of up to 50 metres (160 ft).[3]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 6.20 knots (11.48 km/h; 7.13 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 5.22 knots (9.67 km/h; 6.01 mph). When submerged, she could operate for 50 nautical miles (93 km; 58 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 780 nautical miles (1,440 km; 900 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph). UC-10 was fitted with six 100 centimetres (39 in) mine tubes, twelve UC 120 mines, and one 8 millimetres (0.31 in) machine gun. She was built by AG Vulcan Stettin and her complement was fourteen crew members.[3]

Summary of raiding history

Date Name Nationality Tonnage[Note 2] Fate[4]
30 December 1915 Ellewoutsdijk  Netherlands 2,229 Sunk
4 January 1916 Leto  Netherlands 3,225 Sunk
5 January 1916 Fridtjof Nansen  Norway 3,275 Sunk
21 January 1916 Apollo  Netherlands 799 Sunk
22 January 1916 Falls City  United Kingdom 4,729 Damaged
25 February 1916 Southford  United Kingdom 963 Sunk
26 February 1916 Birgit  Sweden 1,117 Sunk
29 February 1916 Malvina  United Kingdom 1,244 Damaged
7 March 1916 HMS Coquette  Royal Navy 335 Sunk
7 March 1916 TB. 11  United Kingdom 263 Sunk
11 March 1916 Zaandijk  Netherlands 4,189 Damaged
18 March 1916 Palembang  Netherlands 6,674 Sunk
3 April 1916 Ino  Norway 702 Sunk
26 April 1916 Dubhe  Netherlands 3,233 Damaged
26 April 1916 Noordzee  Netherlands 298 Sunk
1 May 1916 Hendon Hall  United Kingdom 3,994 Sunk
2 May 1916 Rochester City  United Kingdom 1,239 Sunk
22 May 1916 Rhenass  United Kingdom 285 Sunk
27 May 1916 Lincairn  United Kingdom 3,638 Sunk
1 June 1916 Parkgate  United Kingdom 3,232 Damaged
20 August 1916 Dragoon  United Kingdom 30 Sunk
3 September 1916 Rievaulx Abbey  United Kingdom 1,166 Sunk
11 December 1916 Nora  Denmark 772 Sunk

References

Notes

  1. "SM" stands for "Seiner Majestät" (English: His Majesty's) and combined with the U for Unterseeboot would be translated as His Majesty's Submarine.
  2. Merchant ship tonnages are in gross register tons. Military vessels are listed by tons displacement.

Citations

  1. Helgason, Guðmundur. "WWI U-boats: UC 10". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 20 February 2009.
  2. Tarrant, p. 173.
  3. Gröner 1991, pp. 30-31.
  4. Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by UC 10". German and Austrian U-boats of World War I - Kaiserliche Marine - Uboat.net. Retrieved 13 December 2014.

Bibliography

  • Bendert, Harald (2001). Die UC-Boote der Kaiserlichen Marine 1914-1918. Minenkrieg mit U-Booten (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0758-7.
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.
  • Gardiner, Robert, ed. (1985). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships, 1906–1921. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-0-87021-907-8. OCLC 12119866.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Tarrant, V. E. (1989). The U-Boat Offensive: 1914–1945. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-0-87021-764-7. OCLC 20338385.
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