|Rifle, 5.56 MM, SAR 80|
The SAR 80 assault rifle
|Place of origin||Singapore|
|Used by||See Users|
|Wars||Sri Lankan Civil War|
Somali Civil War
|Manufacturer||Chartered Industries of Singapore (CIS, now ST Kinetics)|
|No. built||20,000 (in Singapore), unknown number of exports|
|Variants||Standard, Grenade launcher|
|Mass||3.7 kg (8.2 lb) (empty and without accessories)|
|Length||970 millimetres (38 in), 738 millimetres (29.1 in) with butt folded|
|Barrel length||459 millimetres (18 in)|
|Action||Gas-operated, rotating bolt|
|Rate of fire||600 round/min|
|Feed system||Various STANAG magazines|
History and development
In the late 1960s, the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) adopted the AR-15 as their main service rifle. Due to difficulties in obtaining the rifles from the United States, the Singaporean government purchased a license to domestically manufacture the M16 rifle, which was then designated the M16S1. However, the domestic rifle requirements were not sufficient to allow Chartered Industries of Singapore (CIS, now Singapore Technologies Kinetics) to economically maintain operations at its rifle factory. Export sales of the M16S1 were not a viable option. Due to the requirements of the license agreement, CIS had to request permission from Colt and the US State Department to allow any export sale, which they rarely granted.
In the early 1970s, Sterling Armaments Company engineers had developed their own 5.56 mm rifle design, the Light Automatic Rifle (LAR), but this had been shelved when Sterling acquired a manufacturing licence for the US-designed Armalite AR-18 assault rifle. While Sterling could not legally sublicense the AR-18, their LAR design was available. As a result, the new Singapore rifle design closely resembled the LAR with certain AR-18 elements.
The successor to this weapon is the SR-88.
Central African Republic: Seen in the hands of Central African Gendarmerie. Croatia: Croatian Army. Papua New Guinea: Papua New Guinea Defence Force. Slovenia: Slovenian Army. Somalia: Somalia received SAR 80s during the 1980s. Sri Lanka Zaire
Thailand : Used by Royal Police Cadet Academy Student (RPCA)
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- Berman, Eric G.; Lombard, Louisa N. (December 2008). The Central African Republic and Small Arms: A Regional Tinderbox (PDF). Small Arms Survey. pp. 82, 94. ISBN 2-8288-0103-9.
- Mikulan, K; Thomas, Nigel (12 Apr 2006). The Yugoslav Wars (1): Slovenia & Croatia 1991–95. Elite 138. Osprey Publishing. p. 49. ISBN 9781841769639.
- Popenker, Max R. "SAR-80 (Singapore)". Modern Firearms. Archived from the original on 2006-06-19. Retrieved 2006-06-06.
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- C. J., CHIVERS (January 25, 2012). "Somali Pirate Gun Locker: An Oddball Assault Rifle, at Sea". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- Smith, Chris (October 2003). In the Shadow of a Cease-fire: The Impacts of Small Arms Availability and Misuse in Sri Lanka (PDF). Small Arms Survey.
- Small Arms Survey (2015). "Waning Cohesion: The Rise and Fall of the FDLR–FOCA" (PDF). Small Arms Survey 2015: weapons and the world (PDF). Cambridge University Press. p. 201.