S. K. Kaul

Air Chief Marshal Swaroop Krishna Kaul, PVSM, MVC, ADC (born 20 December 1935)[1][2] is a former Chief of the Air Staff of the Indian Air Force. ACM Kaul served as the Air Chief from 1993 to 1995.[3]

Swaroop Krishna Kaul

16th Chief of Air Staff
In office
August 01, 1993  December 31, 1995
PresidentShankar Dayal Sharma
Prime MinisterP. V. Narasimha Rao
Preceded byNirmal Chandra Suri
Succeeded bySatish Sareen
Personal details
Born (1935-12-20) December 20, 1935
Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
Alma materBesant College, Varanasi.
Government College, Allahabad
Military service
Allegiance India
Branch/service Indian Air Force
Years of service1954-1995
Rank Air Chief Marshal
CommandsWestern Air Command
Central Air Command
37 Squadron
Battles/warsIndo-Pakistani War of 1971

Personal life

Swaroop Krishna Kaul was born in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, into a Kashmiri Pandit family, to K K Kaul. He did his schooling from Besant college in Varanasi & his graduation from Government College, Allahabad in 1951.[3]


He joined the National Defence Academy in 1951[4] and was commissioned in the IAF on 17 July 1954[3] During the Indo-Pakistani war of 1971, Wing Commander Kaul led several missions into the Pakistani held areas of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) to photograph strategically vital areas.[5]

As Commanding Officer of 37 Squadron, he was awarded the Maha Vir Chakra, the second highest war-time military decoration in India.

After Commanding the Central Air Command and the Western Air Command, Air Chief Marshal Kaul took over as the 16th Chief of the Air Staff of the Indian Air Force.

In November 1994, he was also appointed as the Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee. ACM Kaul retired from the Air Force in December 1995.[4] He had over 3700 hours of accident free flying record to his credit.[6]


ACM Kaul was awarded the Maha Vir Chakra [2] for a show of conspicuous gallantry during the 1971 war and the Param Vishisht Seva Medal in 1992.[4]


(Effective date of award – 4 December 1971)

At the outbreak of hostilities, Wing Commander Swaroop Krishna Kaul, the Commanding Officer of a fighter bomber squadron volunteered for an urgent task to photograph certain areas which were badly needed in order to finalise our Army’s assault plans. The officer carried out four missions deep into enemy territories to cover the heavily defended sectors of Comilla, Sylhet and Saidpur. At times, Wing Commander Kaul had to fly as low as 200 feet over the most heavily defended enemy locations. Undaunted, he flew through these barrages, making repeated runs in each of his missions, and successfully completed the task. On 4th December, 1971, Wing Commander Kaul again volunteered for another task, to photograph the Tezgaon and Kurmitola airfields. His reconnaissance flights over these two airfields, in the face of the most sustained and heavy enemy ground fire stand out as acts of heroism, extreme gallantry and devotion to duty. In addition to his reconnaissance exploits, Wing Commander Kaul led the very first eight aircraft strike mission over Dacca. In this raid, his formation encountered four enemy aircraft near the target area. With exemplary leadership, Wing Commander Kaul maneuvered his force in such a manner that two of the enemy aircraft were shot down and the other two fled. The target thus became clear for attack. Throughout the period of operations Wing Commander Swaroop Krishna Kaul displayed conspicuous gallantry, determination and professional skill.


  1. B. Chakravorty (1995). Stories of Heroism: PVC & MVC Winners. Allied Publishers. pp. 219–. ISBN 978-81-7023-516-3. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  2. India, The War decorated. "ACM Swaroop Krishna Kaul, MVC, AVSM, ADC (retd)". Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  3. Bharat Rakshak, Chief of Air Staffs. "Indian Air Force: Swaroop Krishna Kaul". Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  4. hindustantimes.com, online (17 March 2006). "Air Chief Marshal Swaroop Krishna Kaul". Archived from the original on 26 January 2013.
  5. online, indiavision.com. "Experienced soldier wing commander Swaroop Krishna Kaul". Archived from the original on 26 January 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
  6. "on Indian Air Force Govt Website". 24 June 2012. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
Military offices
Preceded by
Bipin Chandra Joshi
Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee
20 November 1994 - 31 December 1995
Succeeded by
Shankar Roychowdhury
Preceded by
Nirmal Chandra Suri
Chief of the Air Staff (India)
Succeeded by
Satish Sareen
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