S-300VM missile system

The S-300VM "Antey-2500" (NATO reporting name SA-23 Gladiator\Giant) is a Russian anti-ballistic missile system. The system is designed to defeat short- and medium-range ballistic missile, aeroballistic, and cruise missiles, fixed-wing aircraft, as well as loitering ECM platforms and precision-guided munitions.

S-300VM Antey 2500
NATO reporting name: SA-23 Gladiator\Giant
Antey-2500 SAM at MAKS-2011
TypeMobile surface-to-air missile/anti-ballistic missile system
Place of originRussia
Service history
In service2013-present
Used bySee Operators
Production history
Unit costUS$120 million (1999)[1]
VariantsSee Variants

200 (250) km[2] against MRBMs
9M82M missile
TypeSurface-to-air missile
Place of originRussia
Service history
In service2013-present
Used bySee Operators
Production history
Variants9M82M, 9M83M
Specifications (9M82M[3])

200 kilometres (120 mi)
Flight altitude30,000 metres (98,000 ft)



The Antey-2500 air defense missile system features:

  • High degree of battle performance automation owing to high-speed digital computers
  • Passive electronically scanned array radars with advanced data processing methods
  • High ECM immunity
  • High mobility and autonomous operation
  • High firepower potential, irrespective of air attack tactics or sequence
  • Vertical launch from a special transport launch canister
  • Maintenance-free operation of missiles for at least ten years
  • Capability to defeat ballistic missile individual warheads
  • Inertial guidance with radio command mid-course update and semi-active radar homing at the terminal phase
  • Focused detonation of the missile warhead

The Antey-2500 system comprises:

  • Command post
  • Circular and sector scan radars
  • Multichannel missile guidance station (MMGS) have 24 channels for illumination of 24 targets
  • 9A82M launcher (typical amount 8) includes radar of illumination and targeting as well as *brains* of the radar[4]
  • 9A83M launcher (typical amount 12) includes radar of illumination and targeting as well as *brains* of the radar[4]
  • 9A84M and 9A85M loader-launcher (technically no more than 24)
  • 9M82M and 9M83M air defense missiles
  • Maintenance, repair, and transport vehicles
  • Group SPTA set
  • Electronic trainer for MMGS operators
  • Set of missile handling equipment

Technical ability to use 1-2 additional battalions.

One system configuration - external command post, CP of the S-300V and every radars of S-300V and the outside radars, other external elements. This is the central core, for it served a few battalions of S-300V system. All battalions at full strength of S-300V system (CP of the S-300V and every radars of the S-300V, and a few launchers with radars, and a few launchers without radars).[5]


The 9M82M missile is intended to defeat tactical, theater and medium range ballistic missiles, as well as aerodynamic targets at a range of up to 200 km. The Antey-2500 system is mounted on a tracked cross-country vehicle equipped with self-contained power supply and navigation systems, as well as surveying and positioning equipment.

S-300 system family tree

S-300 Family
Antey 2500
Russian Version
Export Version

Operational history

In early October 2016, a battery of Russian S-300V4 missile system was deployed to Syria,[6] at the Russian naval base in Tartus.[7]


  • S-300V: entered service in 1983; 100 km range
  • S-300VM: 250 km range[8]
  • S-300VMD: 350 km range
  • S-300V4: in service since 2014; 400[9][10] km range


Current operators

  •  Russia : ordered more than three S-300V4 divisions by 2015[11]
    • 77th Airdefence Brigade (Korenovsk) and 988th Airdefence Regiment (Gyumri) in the Southern Military District[12][13]
    • 202nd Airdefence Brigade (Naro Fominsk) and 1545th Airdefence Regiment (Znamensk) in the Western Military District
    • 1724th Airdefence Regiment (Birobidzhan & Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk) and air defense unit stationed in the Jewish Autonomous Region in the Eastern Military District[14]
    • 28th Airdefence Brigade (Mirnij / Kirovsk Region) in the Central Military District
    • Modernization of all S-300V to the version S-300V4 was to end in 2012.[15]
  •  Egypt : The S-300VM "Antey-2500" missile system was ordered in 2014, as part of a multi-billion Egyptian-Russian arms deal signed later that year.[16][17] The $1 billion contract comprises 4 batteries, a command post and other external elements.[18][19] In 2015, Russia started delivering the system components, Egyptian soldiers began their training in Russian training centers.[20] By the end of 2017, all batteries were delivered to Egypt.[21] Russia is in talks with Egypt on the delivery of additional Antey-2500 systems.[22]
  •  Venezuela: 2 S-300VM in 1 air defense battalion at Base Aérea Militar Capitán Manuel Ríos[23]

Potential operators

  •  Algeria: In November 2015 Algeria was negotiating the purchase of several battalions of this system.[24]

Failed bids

See also


  1. "S-300VM". www.deagel.com.
  2. http://www.almaz-antey.ru/en/catalogue/millitary_catalogue/%5B%5D
  3. "S-300V/Antey 2500 (SA-12 'Gladiator/Giant')". Jane's Information Group. 13 February 2008. Retrieved 21 August 2008.
  4. "C- 300В - Пусковая установка 9А83 и 9А82". pvo.guns.ru.
  5. "Зенитно-ракетная система С-300В / С-300ВМ Антей-2500 - Ракетная техника". rbase.new-factoria.ru.
  6. CNN, Ryan Browne and Barbara Starr,. "Russia ships new anti-missile system to Syria".CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  7. "Истерика США от размещения С-300ВМ в Сирии имеет исчерпывающее объяснение". vz.ru.
  8. S-300VM Antey-2500 SA-23 Gladiator Giant air defense missile system
  9. "Ракетный комплекс С300В4 подтвердил способность поражать цели до 400 км, сообщает Минобороны РФ". 10 January 2015.
  10. "Russian Aerospace Force receives over 30 planes and helicopters in 2016".
  11. Administrator. "Минобороны РФ подписало трехлетний контракт на поставку ЗРС С-300В4 - Военный Обозреватель". Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  12. "Шойгу: оснащенность Российской армии современным оружием и техникой за год выросла на 7%".
  13. "ЦАМТО / Новости / Войска ПВО Южного военного округа перевооружаются на новую технику". www.armstrade.org.
  14. https://tass.com/defense/1096449
  15. "Модернизация до уровня ЗРС С-300В4 ПВО сухопутных войск полностью завершится в 2012 году". ИА «Оружие России».
  16. "Egypt, Russia Negotiating Missile Sale". defensenews. Retrieved 24 November 2015.
  17. ""Рособоронэкспорт" поставит в Египет зенитные системы С-300ВМ". Рамблер-Новости. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  18. "ТАСС: Армия и ОПК – Источник: Россия поставит Египту полк систем ПВО "Антей-2500" до конца 2016 года". ТАСС. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
  19. "В вооружениях не стесняться". kommersant. Retrieved 6 March 2018.
  20. "According sources, Russia would start deliveries of Antey-2500 missile systems to Egypt". 6 March 2015.
  21. Kommersant. "Те, кто сегодня критикует Иран, будут бороться за него". Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  22. "Russia in talks with Turkey and Egypt for the sale of the S-400". newsru.com. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
  23. Денис Тельманов. "Венесуэла получила российский комплекс ПВО С-300ВМ". Известия. Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  24. "Вооруженные средства". 19 October 2015. p. 9 via Kommersant.
  25. http://in.rbth.com/news/2015/05/06/turkey_shows_interest_in_russian_air_defense_systems_russias_arms_export_42987.html%5B%5D
  26. Keck, Zachary (6 May 2015). "NATO Beware: Turkey May Buy Russia's S-300 Air Defense System".
  27. "::". Retrieved 14 November 2014.
  • Russia's Arms Catalog 2004
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