Słubice [swuˈbʲit͡sɛ] (German (until 1945) Dammvorstadt (Frankfurt/Oder) and Gartenstadt (Frankfurt/Oder)) is a border town in the Lubusz Voivodeship of western Poland. Located on the Oder river, directly opposite the city of Frankfurt (Oder) in Germany, of which it was a part until 1945 (as Dammvorstadt). At the 2011 census, the town had a total population of 18,000 (urban agglomeration Słubice-Frankfurt 85,000). Previously located in the Gorzów Wielkopolski Voivodeship (1975–1998), the town is currently the capital of Słubice County and the administrative seat of the Gmina Słubice. It is part of the historical region of Lubusz Land.
Coat of arms
|Coordinates: 52°21′N 14°34′E|
|Town rights||1945 (1253 und Frankfurt Oder)|
|• Mayor||Mariusz Olejniczak|
|• Total||19.2 km2 (7.4 sq mi)|
|Elevation||160 m (520 ft)|
|• Density||893/km2 (2,310/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
69-100 to 69-102
|Area code(s)||+48 95|
The name is a modern Polish restored version of Zliwitz, a West Slavic settlement east of the Brandendamm causeway across the Oder, mentioned in Frankfurt's city charter of 1253. Until 1249 it was part of the Polish Lubusz Land, which since 1138 in different periods formed part of the Greater Polish or Silesian provinces of then fragmented Poland. In 1225 Zliwitz was granted staple rights by Henry the Bearded. The Ascanian margraves of Brandenburg had purchased the Lubusz Land from the Silesian Duke Bolesław II the Bald in 1249. Between 1373 and 1415 it was part of the Lands of the Bohemian Crown (or the Czech Lands), ruled by the Luxembourg dynasty.
Słubice is closely linked to its German sister city Frankfurt (Oder), of which it was a part until 1945. The two cities have been forced apart by the drawing of the Oder-Neisse line, by which Germans have been expropriated and expelled from the lands east of the Oder and Neisse. The two cities share many urban amenities and collaborate on various projects, such as a wastewater treatment plant in Słubice that serves both towns, as well as the Collegium Polonicum extension of some of the Viadrina European University's departments on the Polish side of the border. Furthermore, Słubice is part of a special Słubice-Kostrzyn Economic Zone.
Twin towns — Sister cities
Słubice is twinned with:
- M. Kaemmerer (2004). Ortsnamenverzeichnis der Ortschaften jenseits von Oder u. Neiße (in German). ISBN 3-7921-0368-0.
- "World's first Wikipedia monument unveiled in Poland". Thenews.pl. 23 October 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
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