Rust, Burgenland

Rust (Croatian: Rušta, Hungarian: Ruszt) is a city in the Austrian state of Burgenland, located on the western shore of Lake Neusiedl near the border with Hungary. With only about 1,900 inhabitants, it is the country's smallest statutory city, as it was endowed with the rights of a royal free city by the Hungarian crown in 1681. As a Statutarstadt, it also forms an administrative district (Bezirk) in its own right. The city is famous for its wines, especially for Beerenauslese, ice wine and - especially - Ruster Ausbruch.

Rust
Main square in Rust

Coat of arms
Rust
Location within Austria
Rust
Rust (Austria)
Coordinates: 47°48′0″N 16°40′0″E
Country Austria
StateBurgenland
DistrictStatutory city
Government
  MayorGerold Stagl (SPÖ)
Area
  Total20.01 km2 (7.73 sq mi)
Elevation
123 m (404 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
  Total1,921
  Density96/km2 (250/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
7071
Area code02685
Vehicle registrationE
Websitewww.freistadt-rust.at

History

The settlement was first mentioned as Ceel in a 1317 deed issued by King Charles I of Hungary, its name derived from Hungarian szil for Elm, later translated into German Rüster or Rusten. The present-day Hungarian name Ruszt is again a translation from the German term. Rust's citizens received market rights in 1470 and the privilege to mark the corks of their wine barrels with the famous 'R' brand in 1524. The affluent town finally gained independence at the 1681 diet at Sopron by the order of Emperor Leopold I, King of Hungary.

With the Burgenland region, Rust passed from Hungary to the Republic of Austria in 1921.

Politics

Seats in the municipal assembly (Gemeinderat) as of 2007 elections:

Twin towns

Rust is twinned with:

References

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