Ruggero Settimo

Ruggero Settimo (19 May 1778 2 May 1863) was an Italian politician, diplomat, and patriotic activist from Sicily. He was a counter-admiral of the Sicilian Fleet. He fought alongside the British fleet in the Mediterranean Sea against the French under Napoleon Bonaparte. He reconquered the island of Malta, and defended the city of Gaeta near Naples.

Ruggero Settimo

President of the Italian Senate
In office
18 February 1861  2 May 1863
MonarchVictor Emmanuel II
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byFederico Sclopis
Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Sicily
In office
12 January 1848  14 May 1848
MonarchFerdinand II
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Personal details
Born(1778-05-19)19 May 1778
Palermo, Kingdom of Sicily
Died12 May 1863(1863-05-12) (aged 84)
Malta, United Kingdom
NationalityItalian
Political partyIndependent
ProfessionMilitary
Diplomat

In 1811 he had to retire from the military due to health problems. He was a member of the Sicilian government of Prince Castelnovo in 1812 as Minister of the merchant navy. He was a member of the revolutionary junta of 1820-1821. In 1848 as president of the Sicilian Senate, he was appointed as chief of the government of the Kingdom of Sicily; he led the Sicilian government until 1849.[1] After unification in 1861, Settimo was elected as President of the Senate of the newly created Parliament of the Kingdom of Italy.

Life

Ruggiero Settimo was born in Palermo, Sicily. He was one of the most important leaders of the Sicilian revolution of independence of 1848, after which he was effective head of state of an independent Sicily for 16 months that replaced the Bourbon Two Sicilies. Once the rebellion was put down by King Ferdinand II's army, Settimo escaped to Malta, where he lived the next twelve years in exile.

Following the success of the Risorgimento movement during 1860 and 1861, Settimo was elected as President of the Senate of the newly created Parliament of the Kingdom of Italy, serving until his death.

See also

References

  1. "Ruggiero Settimo", Treccani, Italy

Bibliography

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