Royal Canadian Academy of Arts
The Royal Canadian Academy of Arts (RCA) is a Canadian arts-related organization that was founded in 1880.
Canadian Academy of Arts, 1880
|Purpose||Advocate and public voice, educator and network|
|Headquarters||Toronto, Ontario, Canada|
1880 to 1890
The title of Royal Canadian Academy of Arts was received from Queen Victoria on 16 July 1880. The Governor General of Canada, the Marquess of Lorne, was its first patron. The painter Lucius O’Brien was its first President.
- First - the institution of a National Gallery at the seat of Government;
- Second - the holding of Exhibitions in the principal cities of the Dominion;
- Third - the establishment of Schools of Art and Design.
In the same publication, two levels of membership were described: Academicians and Associates. No more than forty individuals could be Academicians at one time, while the number of Associates was not limited. All Academicians were required to give an example of their work to the collection of the National Gallery. They were also permitted to show more pieces in Academy-sponsored exhibitions than Associates.
The inaugural exhibition was held in Ottawa and the first Academicians were inducted, including the first woman Academician, Charlotte Schreiber. Through the next 10 years, the Academy held annual exhibitions, often in cooperation with regional artists' societies. Exhibitions in Toronto were a joint project of the Academy and the Ontario Society of Artists, while those held in Montreal were held in partnership with the Montreal Artists Association. Exhibitions were also held in St. John, New Brunswick, and Halifax, Nova Scotia. Additional academicians and associates were added each year until the membership had more than doubled by 1890. Members were drawn from all areas of the country and included anglophones and francophones. Men continued to out-number women and those female members were identified as painters not as designers or architects.
As Academicians joined, they donated an example of their work to the National Gallery of Canada, building the collection of the as-yet unincorporated institution. A temporary home was found for the collection in a building next to the Supreme Court of Canada and the first curator, John W. H. Watts, RCA was appointed to begin organizing exhibitions.
1891 to present
Canadian landscape painter Homer Watson was elected as an associate, became a full member and later became president of the Academy.
The centennial year of the Academy was honoured by a 35 cent, 3 colour postage stamp. The stamp features an image of the original centre block of the Parliament Buildings and the text "Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, 1880–1980", with the name "Thomas Fuller", a member of the Academy and the Dominion Architect of Canada who had designed the original building.
The Academy is composed of members from across Canada representing over twenty visual arts disciplines. This list is not inclusive. See also Category:Members of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.
1880 to 1890
|Aaron Allan Edson||male||painter||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|William Nichol Cresswell||male||painter||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|Daniel Fowler (1810–1894)||male||painter||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|John Arthur Fraser (1838–1898)||male||painter||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|James Griffiths (1825–1896)||male||painter||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|Joseph Arthur Eugene Hamel (1845–1932)||male||painter||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|John William Hopkins (1825–1905)||male||architect||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|Lucius Richard O'Brien||male||painter||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|Henry Sandham||male||painter||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA (non-resident)||RCA (non-resident)||RCA (non-resident)||RCA (non-resident)||RCA (non-resident)|
|François Van Luppen (1838–1899)||male||sculptor||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|James Smith (1832–1918)||male||architect||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|Thomas Seaton Scott||male||architect||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|William George Storm||male||architect||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|Thomas Mower Martin||male||painter||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|John Colin Forbes (1846–1925)||male||painter||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|Henri Perré (1828–1890)||male||painter||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|John William Hurrell Watts (1850–1917)||male||designer||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|Thomas W. Fuller||male||architect||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|Alexander Cowper Hutchison (1838–1922)||male||architect||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|John George Howard||male||architect||RCA retired||RCA retired||RCA retired||RCA retired||RCA retired|
|Antoine Plamondon||male||painter||RCA retired||RCA retired||RCA retired||RCA retired||RCA retired||RCA retired|
|Robert Richard Baigent (1830–1890)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Harrington Bird (1846–1936)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Frederick Alexander Turner Dunbar (1849–1921)||male||sculptor||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Robert Ford Gagen (1847–1926)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Michael Hannaford (1832–1891)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|George Harvey (1846–1910)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Henry Martin (1832–1902)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|John Christopher Miles (1837–1911)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Andrew Dickson Patterson (1854–1930)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||RCA||RCA|
|William Revell (1830–1902)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Joseph Thomas Rolph (1831–1916)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Frances Elwood Richards (1852–1934)||female||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Edward Scrope Shrapnel||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Frederic Marlett Bell-Smith||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|Edward Buckingham Shuttleworth (1842–1934)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|James L. Weston (1815–1896)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Robert R. Whale||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|William Doughtie (1846–1883)||male||designer||ARCA|
|Alfred Harold Howard (1854–1916)||male||designer||ARCA||ARCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|Robert McCausland (1856–1923)||male||designer||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Walter Chesterton (1845–1931)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|David Brash Dick (1846–1925)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCAre|
|Andrew Dewar (1846 – c. 1932)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|G. Ernest Fairweather||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA|
|Henry Bauld Gordon||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|William Critchlow Harris||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|William Irving (1830–1883)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA|
|John Thomas Charles McKean (1840–1911)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Charles Willer Mulligan (1846–1908)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|James Nelson (1831–1913)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Almond E. Paull (1824–1902)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Alexander Denton Steele (1841–1890)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|William Stewart (1832–1907)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA|
|Walter Reginald Strickland (1841–1915)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Richard Cunningham Windeyer (1831–1900)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Otto Reinhold Jacobi||male||painter||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|Arthur Cox (1840–1917)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|James A. Sydney Crocker||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA|
|Percy Franklin Woodcock (1855–1936)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||RCA||RCA||RCA|
|William Tutin Thomas||male||architect||ARCA|
|Alfred Boisseau (1823–1901)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|John Wycliffe Lowes Forster||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|James Kerr-Lawson (1865–1939)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|John Charles Pinhey (1860–1912)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|George Agnew Reid||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|John Thompson Willing||male||designer||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Henry Frederick Busch (1826–1902)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Samuel George Curry||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Alexander Francis Dunlop||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|George F. Durand (1850–1889)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Robert McNicol (fl. 1881–83)||male||architect||ARCA||ARCA||ARCA|
|Frederick Charles S. Gordon (1856–1924)||male||painter||ARCA||ARCA|
|Emma S. Windeat (fl. 1884–1926)||female||painter||ARCA||ARCA|
|W E Atkinson (Canadian painter active in England, 1862–1926)||painter||ARCA|
|George Théodore Berthon||painter||RCA|
|Peleg Franklyn Brownell (1857–1946)||painter||RCA|
|George Robert Bruenech (1851–1916)||painter||ARCA|
|Frederick Sproston Challener, (1869–1959)||painter||ARCA|
|Gertrude Spurr Cutts (1858–1941)||painter||ARCA|
|Mary Alexandra Eastlake née Bell (1864–1951)||painter||ARCA|
|Harriet Ford (1859–1939)||painter||ARCA|
|James Lillie Graham (1873–1971)||painter||ARCA|
|Edmund Wyly Grier||painter||RCA|
|John A. Hammond||painter||RCA|
|William R. Hope (1863–1931)||painter||ARCA|
|F. McGillivray S. S. Knowles (1859–1932)||painter||ARCA|
|Laura Muntz Lyall||painter||ARCA|
|C.M. Manly (1855–1924)||painter||ARCA|
|Joseph W. Power||architect||ARCA|
|Mary Augusta Hiester Reid (1854–1921)||painter||ARCA|
|William Albert Sherwood (1855–1919)||painter||ARCA|
|W. L. Symons||architect||ARCA|
|S. H. Townsend||architect||ARCA|
|Sydney Strickland Tully (1869–1911)||painter||ARCA|
|Frederick Arthur Verner||painter||ARCA|
|Carl Henry Ahrens (1863–1936)||painter||ARCA|
|Paul Giovanni Wickson (1860–1922)||painter||ARCA|
|Albert Curtis Williamson (1867–1944)||painter||ARCA|
|Emma S. Windeat (fl. 1884–1926)||painter||ARCA|
Academy membership in 1907
- Frederic Marlett Bell-Smith, painter
- Peleg Franklyn Brownell, painter
- William Brymner, painter
- Frederick Sproston Challener, painter
- William Cruikshank, painter
- Alexander Francis Dunlop, architect
- Edmond Dyonnet, painter
- Edmund Wyly Grier, painter
- Gustav Hahn, designer
- John A. Hammond, painter
- Robert Harris, painter
- Louis-Philippe Hébert, sculptor
- William R. Hope, painter
- Alfred Harold Howard, designer
- A.C. Hutchison, architect
- F. McGillivray S. S. Knowles, painter
- Hamilton Thomas Carleton Plantagenet MacCarthy, sculptor
- Thomas Mower Martin, painter
- Marmaduke Matthews, painter
- Andrew Dickson Patterson, painter
- John Charles Pinhey, painter
- George Agnew Reid, painter
- James Smith, architect
- Homer Watson, painter
- John William Hurrell Watts, designer
- William Edwin Atkinson (1862–1926)
- John William Beatty
- Harry Britton
- George Robert Bruenech (1851–1916)
- Florence Carlyle
- Arthur Cox (1840–1917)
- Maurice Galbraith Cullen
- Gertrude Spurr Cutts
- John Wycliffe Lowes Forster
- Joseph Charles Franchere (1866–1921)
- Robert Ford Gagen
- James Lillie Graham
- Clara Sophia Hagarty (1871–1958)
- C.M. Manly
- John Christopher Miles
- Edmund Montague Morris (1871–1913)
- Laura Muntz Lyall
- Sophie Pemberton
- Mary Augusta Hiester Reid
- Joseph Thomas Rolph
- Joseph St Charles (1868–1956)
- William Albert Sherwood
- William St. Thomas Smith (1862–1947)
- Sydney Strickland Tully
- Frederick Arthur Verner
- Albert Curtis Williamson
- Emma S. Windeat
Inducted in 1976
- Ruth Gowdy McKinley, first potter elected to Academy
Inducted in 1999
Inducted in 2002
Inducted in 2006
- Paul Wm. Leathers, metalsmithing
Inducted in 2007
- Aggie Beynon, metalsmithing
- Alexandre Castonguay, digital art
- Douglas Coupland, sculptural installation
- Karen Dahl, ceramics
- James Doran, enamel sculpture
- Noam Gonick, film making
- Robert W. Harrison, ceramics
- Enid Legros-Wise, ceramics
- Laura L. Letinsky, photography
- Simon Neil Minuk, architecture
- Paula Murray, ceramics
- Grace Nickel, ceramics
- Richard James Rivet, painting, printmaking
- Michael Smith, painting
- Arlene Stamp, two dimensional art and design
- Reva Stone, digital art
- Ewa Tarsia, painting, printmaking
- Ione Thorkelsson, glass
- Henri Venne, painting, photography
- Kamila Wozniakowska, painting
Inducted in 2009
- Sara Diamond
- Marius Dubois
- Christian Eckart
- Faye Heavyshield
- Garry Neil Kennedy
- Rita McKeough
- Mary Scott
- John Will
- Justin Wonnacott
Inducted in 2010
Inducted in 2011
- Philip Beesley, architecture
- Sonia Chow, graphic design
- Richard Thomas Davis, painting, drawing, printmaking
- Leya Evelyn, painting
- FASTWÜRMS, mixed media
- Wyn Geleynse, video art
- Peter Krausz, painting, drawing
- Charles Lewton-Brain, metalsmithing
- Alex Livingston, painting, digital art
- Mike Massie, jewellery
- Laura Millard, painting, photography
- John Noestheden, works on paper, drawing
- Stu Oxley, painting, printmaking
- Anne Ramsden, installation, mixed media, photography
- Dan Steeves, printmaking
- Denis Villeneuve, filmmaking
Inducted in 2012
Inducted in 2013
Inducted in 2014
Inducted in 2015
- Claude Cormier, landscape architecture
- Jacques Fournier, bookbinding
- Libby Hague, printmaking
- Tanya Harnett, interdisciplinary
- Wesley Harris, metalsmithing
- Peter Jacobs, landscape architecture
- Lew Yung-Chien, photography
- Amy Loewan, installation, mixed media
- Rafael Lozano-Hemmer, interdisciplinary
- Marie-Christiane Mathieu, interdisciplinary
- Alexandra McCurdy, ceramics
- Nancy Petry, mixed media
- Alan Stein, book design
- John Taylor, photography
Inducted in 2016
- Shuvinai Ashoona, drawing
- David Blatherwick, painting
- Ricardo L. Castro, photography, architecture
- Alan R. Collyer, architecture
- Rosalie Favell, photography
- Les Graff, painting
- Andrew Gruft, architecture
- James Hart, sculpture
- Helen Kerr, industrial design
- Alain LeBrun, illustration, graphic design
- Marian Penner Bancroft, photography, video art
- Frank Shebageget, sculpture, installation
- Allyson Simmie, jewellery design
- Brendan Lee Satish Tang, sculpture
- Peter von Tiesenhausen, sculpture, installation
- Ian Wallace, photography, painting
- Elizabeth Zvonar, collage, sculpture
Inducted in 2017
Inductees for 2018
- Constitution and Laws of the Royal Canadian Academy of the Arts. Toronto: Globe Printing Co., Printer. 1881. p. 1.
- Report and review of financial position and prospective policy of the Academy to His Excellency the Most Hon. the Marquis of Lansdowne, Governor-General, Patron of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, 1886. Ottawa: Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. 1886.
- Records of the Founding of the Royal Canadian Academy of the Arts. Toronto: Globe Printing Co. 1879–80. p. 16.
- "Our History: Pre 1900". National Gallery of Canada. Retrieved 30 October 2013.
- Credit: Library and Archives Canada; Copyright: Canada Post Corporation
- Dominion Architect
- "Members since 1880". Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Archived from the original on 26 May 2011. Retrieved 11 September 2013.
- Records of the Founding of the Royal Canadian Academy of the Arts. Toronto: Globe Printing Co. 1879–80. p. 27.
- Records of the Founding of the Royal Canadian Academy of the Arts. Toronto: Globe Printing Co. 1879–80. p. 28.
- Annual Exhibition Catalogue of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, 1884. Montreal: Art Association of Montreal. 1884.
- Annual Exhibition Catalogue of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, 1886. Montreal: Art Association of Montreal. 1886.
- Annual Exhibition Catalogue of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, 1887. Montreal: Art Association of Montreal. 1887.
- Annual Exhibition Catalogue of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, 1888. Montreal: Art Association of Montreal. 1888.
- Annual Exhibition Catalogue of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, 1890. Montreal: Art Association of Montreal. 1890.
- "Royal Insurance Company's Building (late Merchants Bank), Montreal, c. 1866". National Gallery of Canada. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- "St. James Square Presbyterian Church, Toronto, 1880". National Gallery of Canada. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- "A. Dickson Patterson". National Gallery of Canada. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- McMann, Evelyn de R. (2003). Biographical Index of Artists in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. p. 246. ISBN 9780802027900.
- Annual Exhibition Catalogue of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, 1896. Montreal: Art Association of Montreal. 1896.
- "C.M. Manly". National Gallery of Canada. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- Annual Exhibition Catalogue of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts, 1907. Montreal: Art Association of Montreal. 1907.
- Creative Canada: A Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-Century Creative and Performing Artists. Volume 1. University of Toronto Press. 1971. p. 1760. ISBN 1442637838.
- "Members Since 1880". Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. 1999. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- "New members 2007". Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Archived from the original on 28 May 2007. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- "Royal Canadian Academy of the Arts celebrates four craft artists". The Canadian Crafts Federation. Archived from the original on 2015-04-02. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- "INDUCTION 2011" (PDF). Royal Canadian Academy of Arts News. Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- New Members, 2014, retrieved 5 March 2014
- "Eva Lapka: Expressions". Visual Arts Centre, Montreal. Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- "New Members". Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- "New Members". Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- "New Members". Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- "New Members". Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- "Home". Royal Canadian Academy of Arts. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
- G+M: "Designer George Cuthbertson crafted sleek, speedy sailboats", 20 Oct 2017
- "Robert Pilot". Heffel.com. Archived from the original on 2 September 2015. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
- "Leslie Reid". National Gallery of Canada. Retrieved 8 December 2018.