Rouyn-Noranda

Rouyn-Noranda (2011 population 41,012) is a city on Osisko Lake in the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region of Quebec, Canada.

Rouyn-Noranda
Fountain on Osisko Lake.

Motto(s): 
"Fierté, Solidarité, Savoir"
("Pride, Solidarity, Knowledge")
Location in province of Quebec.
Location with surrounding municipalities.
Rouyn-Noranda
Location in western Quebec.
Coordinates: 48°14′N 79°01′W[1]
Country Canada
Province Quebec
RegionAbitibi-Témiscamingue
RCMNone
Founded1926
ConstitutedJanuary 1, 2002
Government
  MayorDiane Dallaire
  Federal ridingAbitibi—Témiscamingue
  Prov. ridingAbitibi-Est / Rouyn-
Noranda–Témiscamingue
Area
  City6,441.40 km2 (2,487.04 sq mi)
  Land6,010.50 km2 (2,320.67 sq mi)
  Metro6,438.47 km2 (2,485.91 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[5]
  City42,334
  Density7.0/km2 (18/sq mi)
  Change
2011-2016
3.2%
  Dwellings
18,851
Time zoneUTC−5 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Postal code(s)
J9X, J9Y
Area code(s)819/873
Highways Route 101
Route 117 (TCH)
Route 391
Route 393
Websitewww.ville.
rouyn-noranda.qc.ca

The city of Rouyn-Noranda is a coextensive with a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) of Quebec of the same name. Their geographical code is 86.

History

The city of Rouyn (named for Jean-Baptiste Rouyn, a captain in the Régiment Royal Roussillon of Louis-Joseph de Montcalm)[6] appeared after copper was discovered in 1917. Noranda (a contraction of "North Canada") was created later around the Horne mine and foundry. Both were officially constituted as cities in 1926, then merged in 1986.

Since 1966, Rouyn and Noranda constitute the capital of the Abitibi-Témiscamingue region. It is also the seat of Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue (UQAT) since 1983.

The population tends to increase or decrease dramatically depending on the economic situation. The city's population dropped by 5 per cent between the 1996 and 2001 census, before increasing slightly by 0.8 per cent for the 2006 census. This more closely parallels the demographic patterns of Northern Ontario than those of Quebec during this period. Rouyn-Noranda also has other cultural affiliations with Northern Ontario, being the only municipality in Quebec that holds a membership in the Francophone Association of Municipalities of Ontario.

The Roman Catholic diocese of Rouyn-Noranda was established on February 9, 1974, by Pope Paul VI, with Mgr. Jean-Guy Hamelin as its first bishop. It is part of the Metropolitan Province of Gatineau. Mgr. Dorylas Moreau was appointed as bishop on November 30, 2001, replacing Mgr. Hamelin. On September 15, 2003, a decree moved the cathedral from Saint-Michel-Archange Church to Saint-Joseph Church.

Communities

As part of the 2000–2006 municipal reorganization in Quebec, on January 1, 2002 the municipalities (including unorganized territories) of the former Rouyn-Noranda Regional County Municipality amalgamated into the new City of Rouyn-Noranda. These were: Arntfield, Bellecombe, Beaudry, Cadillac, Cléricy, Cloutier, D'Alembert, Destor, Évain, Lac-Montanier, Lac-Surimau, McWatters, Mont-Brun, Montbeillard, Rapides-des-Cèdres, Rollet, and the former Rouyn-Noranda.

Demographics

Population

Canada census – Rouyn-Noranda community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 42,334 (+3.2% from 2011) 41,012 (+2.7% from 2006) 39,924 (+0.8% from 2001)
Land area: 6,010.50 km2 (2,320.67 sq mi) 6,010.50 km2 (2,320.67 sq mi) 5,991.06 km2 (2,313.16 sq mi)
Population density: 7.0/km2 (18/sq mi) 6.8/km2 (18/sq mi) 6.7/km2 (17/sq mi)
Median age: 41.9 (M: 40.8, F: 43.2) 41.6 (M: 40.7, F: 42.5) 40.7 (M: 40.2, F: 41.2)
Total private dwellings: 18,851 19,224 18,921
Median household income: $62,994 $54,132 $44,223
References: 2016[7] 2011[8] 2006[9] earlier[10]
Historical Census Data - Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec
YearPop.±%
1991 28,958    
1996 28,819−0.5%
(2000) 30,936+7.3%
YearPop.±%
2001 28,270−8.6%
(2002) 39,621+40.2%
2006 39,924+0.8%
YearPop.±%
2011 41,012+2.7%
2016 42,334+3.2%
[11][5]

Language

The city has around 96% French speakers.

Canada Census Mother Tongue - Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec[11]
Census Total
French
English
French & English
Other
Year Responses Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop % Count Trend Pop %
2016
42,085
40,355 4.1% 95.89% 810 3.1% 1.92% 290 18.4% 0.69% 535 21.5% 1.27%
2011
40,200
38,700 1.9% 96.27% 835 15.2% 2.08% 245 0.0% 0.61% 420 11.6% 1.04%
2006
39,435
37,990 41.8% 96.34% 725 2.0% 1.84% 245 40.0% 0.62% 475 111.1% 1.20%
2001
27,930
26,790 0.1% 95.92% 740 28.2% 2.65% 175 39.7% 0.63% 225 33.8% 0.80%
1996
28,490
26,830 n/a 94.17% 1,030 n/a 3.62% 290 n/a 1.02% 340 n/a 1.19%

Politics

Federally, Rouyn-Noranda is part of the Abitibi—Témiscamingue riding. The MP is Christine Moore of the New Democratic Party.

Provincially, Rouyn-Noranda is part of the Rouyn-Noranda–Témiscamingue riding. The MNA is Émilise Lessard-Therrien of Québec solidaire.

The city's mayor is Diane Dallaire.

Rouyn-Noranda is also a territory equivalent to a regional county municipality (TE) and census division (CD) of Quebec, coextensive with the city of Rouyn-Noranda. Its geographical code is 86.

Rouyn-Noranda is the seat of the judicial district of the same name.[12]

Sports

The Rouyn-Noranda Huskies have played in the Quebec Major Junior Hockey League since the Saint-Hyacinthe Laser relocated to the town in 1996. Rouyn-Noranda has produced a large number of NHLers for its size including former NHL stars Pierre Turgeon, Stephane Matteau, Sylvain Turgeon, Dale Tallon, Pit Martin, Jacques Laperrière, Jacques Cloutier, Dave Keon and Kent Douglas, the last two both members of the 1967 Stanley Cup Champion Toronto Maple Leafs. Former NHL players Réjean Houle, Éric Desjardins and the Bordeleau Brothers (Christian, Jean Paul and Paulin) also hail from the city. Rouyn-Noranda native Marc-André Cliche played in his first NHL game in 2010. Their most fierce rivals are the Val-d'Or Foreurs, which constitute the "Battle of the 117" since both cities are connected by Route 117.

Economy

The unemployment rate of the region was 6.6% in 2016.[13]

Propair has its headquarters on the property of Rouyn-Noranda Airport.[14]

Glencore Copper Canada currently operates the Horne smelter. The smelter is the world's largest processor of electronic scrap containing copper and precious metals. It opened in 1927 at the site of the Horne copper mine. The mine was closed in 1976, but the smelter remained in production.[15]

Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue is based in Rouyn-Noranda, with campuses elsewhere.

Culture

Since 1982, the city has been host to the International Cinema Festival of Abitibi-Témiscamingue and since 2003, the host of the Emerging Music Festival in Abitibi-Témiscamingue.

Notable cultural figures from Rouyn-Noranda include singer-songwriter Richard Desjardins, actors Paule Baillargeon, Anne Dorval and Bruce Greenwood, and science fiction writer Éric Gauthier.

Rouyn-Noranda is known as "La Capitale Nationale du Cuivre" (or the National Copper Capital) for its extensive copper deposits and mining/smelting activities.

Transportation

The city is served by the Rouyn-Noranda Airport and has a small public transit system of four bus routes serving the urban area.

The primary highways through the city are the north-south Route 101 and the east-west Route 117, which is part of the Trans-Canada Highway system.

Media

Almost all media in Rouyn-Noranda and the nearby city of Val-d'Or serves both cities. Although the cities are far enough apart that radio and television stations in the area serve the cities from separate transmitters, almost every broadcast station in either city has a rebroadcaster in the other city. The only nominal exceptions are the cities' separate NRJ stations, although at present even these stations share the majority of their broadcast schedule.

See also

Attractions

St. George Russian Orthodox Church of Rouyn

This Russian Orthodox church, with its traditional architecture, was erected between 1955 and 1957 by the Russian community, at the time about twenty families. A guided tour explains the celebration of Mass and the history of immigrant communities and their role in local history. This distinctive church paints a vivid picture of the lives of the people who suffered through the First and Second World Wars and finally came to live in Canada. Discover the cultural wealth and special characteristics of Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec’s second-most cosmopolitan city after Montreal in the 1930s.

References and notes

  1. Reference number 325861 of the Commission de toponymie du Québec (in French)
  2. Ministère des Affaires municipales, des Régions et de l'Occupation du territoire: Rouyn-Noranda Archived 2012-05-01 at the Wayback Machine
  3. 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Rouyn-Noranda, Quebec
  4. 2011 Statistics Canada Census Profile: Rouyn-Noranda (Census agglomeration), Quebec. The census agglomeration consists of Rouyn-Noranda and Preissac. In the 2006 census, the census agglomeration had not included Preissac.
  5. "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Rouyn-Noranda, Ville [Census subdivision], Quebec and Rouyn-Noranda [Census agglomeration]". Statistics Canada. Retrieved December 3, 2019.
  6. Gourd (1988), p. 1890.
  7. "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2018-03-17.
  8. "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
  9. "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
  10. "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  11. Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011, 2016 census
  12. Territorial Division Act. Revised Statutes of Quebec D-11.
  13. http://www.emploiquebec.gouv.qc.ca/regions/abitibi-temiscamingue/portrait-de-lemploi-et-du-marche-du-travail/
  14. "Contact Us." Propair. Retrieved on November 4, 2010. "Rouyn-Noranda Headquarters 30, rue Pronovost Rouyn-Noranda airport Rouyn-Noranda (Québec) J9X 5B7 CA ." Address in French: "Rouyn-Noranda Siège social 30, rue Pronovost Aéroport de Rouyn-Noranda Rouyn-Noranda (Québec) J9X 5B7 CA "
  15. http://www.fonderiehorne.ca

Sources

  • Gourd, Benoit-Beaudry. "Rouyn-Noranda", in The Canadian Encyclopedia, Volume 3. Edmonton: Hurtig Publishing, 1988.

Further reading

  • Rodrigue, Patrick. "Rouyn-Noranda, la Mecque du rock 'n' roll" & "Un Musée du rock 'n' roll pourrait naître à Rouyn-Noranda", Abitibi-Express, vol. 1, no 44 (31 mai 2011), p. 4. N.B.: Paired ill. articles, each individually titled and separately accessible also on the newspaper's Internet site, describing Rouyn-Noranda as one of the two contrasting poles, the other being Montréal, of popular music in Québec.



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