Roshko number

In fluid mechanics, the Roshko number (Ro) is a dimensionless number describing oscillating flow mechanisms. It is named after the American Professor of Aeronautics Anatol Roshko. It is defined as



Roshko determined the correlation[1] below from experiments on the flow of air around circular cylinders over range Re=50 to Re=2000:

valid over [ 50 <= Re < 200]
valid over [200 <= Re < 2000]

Ormières and Provansal[2] investigated vortex shedding in the wake of a sphere and found a relationship between Re and Ro in the range 280 < Re < 360.


  1. Roshko (1952) Figures 9 and 10
  2. Ormières and Provansal (1999), Figure 5


  • Olim, A. M.; Riethmuller, M. L.; Gameiro da Silva, M. C. (2002). "Flowfield characterisation in the wake of a low-velocity heated sphere anemometer". Exp. Fluids. 32 (6): 645–651. Bibcode:2002ExFl...32..645O. doi:10.1007/s00348-001-0403-6.
  • Ormieres, D.; Provansal, M. (1999). "Transition to turbulence in the wake of a sphere". Phys. Rev. Lett. 83 (1): 80–83. Bibcode:1999PhRvL..83...80O. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.83.80.
  • Roshko, Anatol (1952). On the development of turbulent wakes from vortex streets (Ph.D.). California Institute of Technology.
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